滚球体育

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辩证唯物主义是中国共产党人的世界观和方法论

31 2018-12

15:59

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 习近平

 

  2018年5月4日,纪念马克思诞辰200周年大会在北京人民大会堂隆重举行。中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平在大会上发表重要讲话。 新华社记者 鞠鹏/摄

  2018年9月25日至28日,习近平总书记在东北三省考察并主持召开深入推进东北振兴座谈会。这是25日下午,习近平总书记在黑龙江农垦建三江管理局七星农场万亩大地号了解粮食生产和收获情况。 新华社记者 谢环驰/摄

  BIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYISHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENDESHIJIEGUANHEFANGFALUN。MAOZEDONGTONGZHICENGJINGSHUOGUO,MAKESIZHUYIYOUJIMENXUEWEN,DANJICHUDEDONGXISHIMAKESIZHUYIZHEXUE。TAZAIGEMINGZHANZHENGNIANDAIXIEXIADE《FANDUIBENBENZHUYI》、《SHIJIANLUN》、《MAODUNLUN》DENGZHUZUO,ZAISHEHUIZHUYIGUNQIUTIYUSHIQIXIEXIADE《LUNSHIDAGUANXI》、《GUANYUZHENGQUECHULIRENMINNEIBUMAODUNDEWENTI》DENGZHUZUO,LINGHUOYUNYONGLEBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYISHIJIEGUANHEFANGFALUN,XINGCHENGLEJUYOUXIANMINGZHONGGUOTESEDEMAKESIZHUYIZHEXUESIXIANG,WEIGUNQIUTIYUDANGZHANGWOHEYUNYONGBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYISHULILEGUANGHUIDIANFAN。

  DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIFEICHANGSHANYUYUNYONGBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYIJIEJUESHIJIWENTI。TAQIANGDIAO,BIXUZHUAZHUSHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUANDEZHUYAOMAODUN,JIANCHIYIJINGJIGUNQIUTIYUWEIZHONGXIN;BIXUYONGSHIJIANLAIJIANYANGUNQIUTIYUDEGONGZUO,JIANCHI“SANGEYOULIYU”BIAOZHUN;BIXUJIANCHI“LIANGSHOUZHUA、LIANGSHOUDOUYAOYING”、“MOZHESHITOUGUOHE”,CHULIHAOJIHUAHESHICHANG、XIANFUHEGONGFUDENGGUANXI。JIANGZEMINTONGZHIZHICHU: “RUGUOTOUNAOLIMEIYOUBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYI、LISHIWEIWUZHUYIDESHIJIEGUAN,JIUBUKENENGYIZHENGQUEDELICHANGHEKEXUEDETAIDULAIRENSHIFENFANFUZADEKEGUANSHIWU,BAWOSHIWUFAZHANDEGUILV”。HUJINTAOTONGZHIYESHUOGUO,“BIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYIHELISHIWEIWUZHUYIDESHIJIEGUANHEFANGFALUN,SHIMAKESIZHUYIZUIGENBENDELILUNTEZHENG”,YAOXUEXIZHANGWOMAKESIZHUYIZHEXUE,NULITIGAOTANSUOJIEJUEXINSHIQIJIBENWENTIDEBENLING。

  JINTIAN,GUNQIUTIYUDANGYAOTUANJIEDAILINGRENMINSHIXIAN“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAO、SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENG,BIXUBUDUANJIESHOUMAKESIZHUYIZHEXUEZHIHUIDEZIYANG,GENGJIAZIJUEDIJIANCHIHEYUNYONGBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYISHIJIEGUANHEFANGFALUN,GENGHAOZAISHIJIGONGZUOZHONGBAWOXIANXIANGHEBENZHI、XINGSHIHENEIRONG、YUANYINHEJIEGUO、OURANHEBIRAN、KENENGHEXIANSHI、NEIYINHEWAIYIN、GONGXINGHEGEXINGDEGUANXI,ZENGQIANGBIANZHENGSIWEI、ZHANLVESIWEINENGLI,BAGEXIANGGONGZUOZUODEGENGHAO。

  DANGQIAN,JIEHEGUNQIUTIYUGUOSHIJIHESHIDAITIAOJIAN,XUEXIHEYUNYONGBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYISHIJIEGUANHEFANGFALUN,YAOZHUZHONGJIEJUEHAOYIXIAJIGEWENTI。

  第一,学习掌握世界统一于物质、物质决定意识的原理,坚持从客观实际出发制定政策、推动工作。滚球体育世界物质统一性原理是辩证唯物主义最基本、最核心的观点,是马克思主义哲学的基石。恩格斯指出: “世界的真正的统一性在于它的物质性,而这种物质性不是由魔术师的三两句话所证明的,而是由哲学和自然科学的长期的和持续的发展所证明的。”遵循这一观点,最重要的就是坚持一切从客观实际出发,而不是从主观愿望出发。

滚球体育  DANGDAIZHONGGUOZUIDADEKEGUANSHIJISHISHENME?JIUSHIGUNQIUTIYUGUORENGCHUYUBINGJIANGZHANGQICHUYUSHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUAN。ZHEISHIGUNQIUTIYURENSHIDANGXIA、GUIHUAWEILAI、ZHIDINGZHENGCE、TUIJINSHIYEDEKEGUANJIDIAN,BUNENGTUOLIZHEIGEJIDIAN,FOUZEJIUHUIFANCUOWU,SHENZHIFANDIANFUXINGDECUOWU。DUIZHEIGEWENTI,HENDUOTONGZHIZAIRENSHISHANGSHIZHIDAODE,DANZAIYUDAOJUTIWENTISHI,YOUXIETONGZHIHUICHUXIAN“LUANHUAJIANYUMIRENYAN”DEQINGKUANG,JINGCHANGHUIMAOCHUGEZHONGZHUGUANZHUYIDEDONGXI,YOUSHISHENZHITOUNAOFARE、YIXIANGTIANKAI。YOUDERENXIHUANPAINAODAIJUECE、PAIXIONGFUBIAOTAI,MANGMUPUTANZI、SHANGXIANGMU,HUOZHETICHUYIXIEBUQIESHIJIDEGAOZHIBIAO,JIEGUOZHINENGSHILAOMINSHANGCAI、DEBUCHANGSHI。WEISHENMEHUICHUXIANZHEIYANGDEWENTI?SHENZHIFANFUCHUXIANZHEIYANGDEWENTI?CONGSIXIANGGENYUANLAIKAN,JIUSHIMEIYOUZUODAOYIQIECONGSHIJICHUFA。

  DANGRAN,KEGUANSHIJIBUSHIYICHENGBUBIANDE,ERSHIBUDUANFAZHANBIANHUADE。“BIANHUAZHE,NAITIANDIZHIZIRAN。”JIANCHIYIQIECONGSHIJICHUFA,JIYAOKANDAOSHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUANJIBENGUOQINGMEIYOUBIAN,YEYAOKANDAOGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANMEIGEJIEDUANCHENGXIANCHULAIDEXINTEDIAN。GUNQIUTIYUGUOSHEHUISHENGCHANLI、ZONGHEGUOLI、RENMINSHENGHUOSHUIPINGSHIXIANLELISHIXINGKUAYUE,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJIBENGUOQINGDENEIHANBUDUANFASHENGBIANHUA,GUNQIUTIYUMIANLINDEGUOJIGUONEIFENGXIAN、MIANLINDENANTIYEFASHENGLEZHONGYAOBIANHUA。GUOQUZHANGQIKUNRAOGUNQIUTIYUDEYIXIEMAODUNBUCUNZAILE,DANXINDEMAODUNBUDUANCHANSHENG,QIZHONGHENDUOSHIGUNQIUTIYUMEIYOUYUDAO、MEIYOUCHULIGUODE。RUGUOSHOUZHEGUNQIUTIYUDUIGUOQUZHONGGUOSHIJIDERENSHIBUDONG,SHOUZHUDAITU,KEZHOUQIUJIAN,GUNQIUTIYUJIUNANYIQIANJIN。GUNQIUTIYUYAOZHUNQUEBAWOGUOJIGUONEIHUANJINGBIANHUA,BIANZHENGFENXIGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIFAZHANJIEDUANXINGTEZHENG,ZHUNQUEBAWOGUNQIUTIYUGUOBUTONGFAZHANJIEDUANDEXINBIANHUAXINTEDIAN,SHIZHUGUANSHIJIEGENGHAOFUHEKEGUANSHIJI,ANZHAOSHIJIJUEDINGGONGZUOFANGZHEN,ZHEISHIGUNQIUTIYUBIXULAOLAOJIZHUDEGONGZUOFANGFA。

  HAIYAOZHICHU,BIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYISUIRANQIANGDIAOSHIJIEDETONGYIXINGZAIYUTADEWUZHIXING,DANBINGBUFOURENYISHIDUIWUZHIDEFANZUOYONG,ERSHIRENWEIZHEIZHONGFANZUOYONGYOUSHISHISHIFENJUDADE。GUNQIUTIYUDANGQIANGDIAOLIXIANGXINNIANSHIGONGCHANDANGRENJINGSHENSHANGDE“GAI”,QIANGDIAO“GEMINGLIXIANGGAOYUTIAN”,JIUSHIJINGSHENBIANWUZHI、WUZHIBIANJINGSHENDEBIANZHENGFA。GUANGDADANGYUAN、GANBULIXIANGXINNIANJIANDING、GANSHICHUANGYEJINGQISHENZU,RENMINQUNZHONGJINGSHENZHENFEN、FAFENTUQIANG,JIUKEYICHUANGZAOCHUHENDUORENJIANQIJI。RUGUODANGYUAN、GANBULIXIANGDONGYAO、ZONGZHIDANHUA,RENMINQUNZHONGJINGSHENWEIMI、TANTUANYI,NEIWANGWANGKEYIGANCHENGDESHIQINGYEGANBUCHENG。SUOYI,GUNQIUTIYUBIXUHAOBUFANGSONGLIXIANGXINNIANJIAOYU、SIXIANGDAODEGUNQIUTIYU、YISHIXINGTAIGONGZUO,DALIPEIYUHEHONGYANGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN,YONGFUYOUSHIDAIQIXIDEZHONGGUOJINGSHENNINGJUZHONGGUOLILIANG。

  第二,学习掌握事物矛盾运动的基本原理,不断强化问题意识,积极面对和化解前进中遇到的矛盾。中国人早就知道矛盾的概念,所谓“一阴一阳之谓道”。矛盾是普遍存在的,矛盾是事物联系的实质内容和事物发展的根本动力,人的认识活动和实践活动,从根本上说就是不断认识矛盾、不断解决矛盾的过程。

  WENTISHISHIWUMAODUNDEBIAOXIANXINGSHI,GUNQIUTIYUQIANGDIAOZENGQIANGWENTIYISHI、JIANCHIWENTIDAOXIANG,JIUSHICHENGRENMAODUNDEPUBIANXING、KEGUANXING,JIUSHIYAOSHANYUBARENSHIHEHUAJIEMAODUNZUOWEIDAKAIGONGZUOJUMIANDETUPOKOU。DANGQIAN,GUNQIUTIYUGUOYIJINGJINRUFAZHANGUANJIANQI、GAIGEGONGJIANQI、MAODUNTUXIANQI,GUNQIUTIYUMIANLINDEMAODUNGENGJIAFUZA,JIYOUGUOQUZHANGQIJILEIERCHENGDEMAODUN,YEYOUZAIJIEJUEJIUMAODUNGUOCHENGZHONGXINCHANSHENGDEMAODUN,DALIANGDEHAISHISUIZHEXINGSHIHUANJINGBIANHUAXINCHUXIANDEMAODUN。ZHEIXIEMAODUNXUDUOSHIZHEIGEFAZHANJIEDUANBIRANCHUXIANDE,SHIDUOBUKAIYERAOBUGUOQUDE。

  GUNQIUTIYUDANGLINGDAORENMINGANGEMING、GAOGUNQIUTIYU、ZHUAGAIGE,CONGLAIDOUSHIWEILEJIEJUEZHONGGUODEXIANSHIWENTI。RUGUODUIMAODUNSHUSHIWUDU,SHENZHIHUIBI、YANSHIMAODUN,ZAIMAODUNMIANQIANWEISUOBUQIAN,ZUOKANMAODUNEXINGZHUANHUA,NEIJIUHUIJIZHONGNANFAN,ZUIHOUSHIBIZAOCHENGWUFAMIBUDESUNSHI。“QIANZHANGZHIDI,YILOUYIZHIXUEKUI;BAICHIZHISHI,YITUXIZHIYANFEN。”MAODUNJILEIDAOYIDINGCHENGDUJIUHUIFASHENGZHIDETUBIAN。DUIDAIMAODUNDEZHENGQUETAIDU,YINGGAISHIZHIMIANMAODUN,BINGYUNYONGMAODUNXIANGFUXIANGCHENGDETEXING,ZAIJIEJUEMAODUNDEGUOCHENGZHONGTUIDONGSHIWUFAZHAN。

  DANGDESHIBADAZHIHOU,GUNQIUTIYUQIANGDIAOBUNENGJIANDANYIGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHIZENGZHANGLVLUNYINGXIONG,TICHUJIAKUAIZHUANBIANJINGJIFAZHANFANGSHI、DIAOZHENGJINGJIJIEGOU,TICHUHUAJIECHANNENGGUOSHENG,TICHUQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGE、QUANMIANYIFAZHIGUO,TICHUJIAQIANGSHENGTAIWENMINGGUNQIUTIYU,DENGDENG,DOUSHIZHENDUIYIXIEQIANDONGMIANGUANG、OUHEXINGQIANGDESHENCENGCIMAODUNQUDE。RUGUOGUNQIUTIYUBUYINGNANERSHANG、YINSHILIDAO,FENGSHANKAILU、YUSHUIJIAQIAO,ZHEIXIEMAODUNBUDUANJILEI,JIUYOUKENENGJINYIBUXIANGBULIFANGMIANZHUANHUA,ZUIHOUCHENGWEIGANRAOYINSUSHENZHIPOHUAIXINGLILIANG。

  JIJIMIANDUIMAODUN、JIEJUEMAODUN,HAIYAOZHUYIBAWOHAOZHUYAOMAODUNHECIYAOMAODUN、MAODUNDEZHUYAOFANGMIANHECIYAOFANGMIANDEGUANXI。“BINGGANGERMUZIZHANG,ZHIBENERMOZICONG。”MIANDUIFUZAXINGSHIHEFANZHONGRENWU,SHOUXIANYAOYOUQUANJUGUAN,DUIGEZHONGMAODUNZUODAOXINZHONGYOUSHU,TONGSHIYOUYAOYOUXIANJIEJUEZHUYAOMAODUNHEMAODUNDEZHUYAOFANGMIAN,YICIDAIDONGQITAMAODUNDEJIEJUE。DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,GUNQIUTIYUTICHUYAOXIEDIAOTUIJINQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI、QUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGE、QUANMIANYIFAZHIGUO、QUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANG。ZAITUIJINZHEI“SIGEQUANMIAN”GUOCHENGZHONG,GUNQIUTIYUJIYAOZHUZHONGZONGTIMOUHUA,YOUYAOZHUZHONGQIANZHU“NIUBIZI”。BIRU,GUNQIUTIYUJIDUIQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIZUOCHUQUANMIANBUSHU,YOUQIANGDIAO“XIAOKANGBUXIAOKANG,GUANJIANKANLAOXIANG”;JIDUIQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGEZUOCHUDINGCENGSHEJI,YOUQIANGDIAOTUCHUZHUAHAOZHONGYAOLINGYUHEGUANJIANHUANJIEDEGAIGE;JIDUIQUANMIANTUIJINYIFAZHIGUOZUOCHUXITONGBUSHU,YOUQIANGDIAOYIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIFAZHITIXIWEIZONGMUBIAOHEZONGZHUASHOU;JIDUIQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGTICHUXILIEYAOQIU,YOUBADANGFENGLIANZHENGGUNQIUTIYUZUOWEITUPOKOU,ZHELIJIEJUERENMINQUNZHONGFANYINGQIANGLIEDE“SIFENG”WENTI,ZHELIJIEJUEBUGANFU、BUNENGFU、BUXIANGFUDEWENTI。ZAIRENHEGONGZUOZHONG,GUNQIUTIYUJIYAOJIANGLIANGDIANLUN,YOUYAOJIANGZHONGDIANLUN,MEIYOUZHUCI,BUJIAQUBIE,MEIMAOHUZIYIBAZHUA,SHIZUOBUHAOGONGZUODE。

  第三,学习掌握唯物辩证法的根本方法,不断增强辩证思维能力,提高驾驭复杂局面、处理复杂问题的本领。“事必有法,然后可成。”滚球体育的事业越是向纵深发展,就越要不断增强辩证思维能力。当前,滚球体育国社会各种利益关系十分复杂,这就要求滚球体育善于处理局部和全局、当前和长远、重点和非重点的关系,在权衡利弊中趋利避害、作出最为有利的战略抉择。滚球体育全面深化改革,不能东一榔头西一棒子,而是要突出改革的系统性、整体性、协同性。同时,在推进改革中,滚球体育要充分考虑不同地区、不同行业、不同群体的利益诉求,准确把握各方利益的交汇点和结合点,使改革成果更多更公平惠及全体人民。

  XUEXIHEYUNYONGWEIWUBIANZHENGFA,JIUYAOFANDUIXINGERSHANGXUEDESIXIANGFANGFA。GUNQIUTIYUDEXIANRENZAOJIURENSHIDAOLEZHEIGEWENTI,HENDUODIANGUDOUSHIPIPINGHEFENGCIXINGERSHANGXUEDE,RUMANGRENMOXIANG、ZHENGRENMAILV、ZUOJINGGUANTIAN、YANERDAOLING、YAMIAOZHUZHANG、XUEZUSHILV、HUASHETIANZU,DENGDENG。SHIJIESHANGZHIYOUXINGERSHANGXUEZUISHENGLI,YINWEITAKEYIXIASHUOYIQI,BUXUYAOYIJUKEGUANSHIJI,YEBUSHOUKEGUANSHIJIJIANCHA。ERJIANCHIWEIWUBIANZHENGFA,ZEYAOQIUYONGDAQILI、XIAZHENGONGFU。GUNQIUTIYUYIFANGMIANYAOJIAQIANGDIAOCHAYANJIU,ZHUNQUEBAWOKEGUANSHIJI,ZHENZHENGZHANGWOGUILV;LINGYIFANGMIANYAOJIANCHIFAZHANDIERBUSHIJINGZHIDI、QUANMIANDIERBUSHIPIANMIANDI、XITONGDIERBUSHILINGSANDI、PUBIANLIANXIDIERBUSHIDANYIGULIDIGUANCHASHIWU,TUOSHANCHULIGEZHONGZHONGDAGUANXI。RENHEZHUGUANZHUYI、XINGSHIZHUYI、JIXIEZHUYI、JIAOTIAOZHUYI、JINGYANZHUYIDEGUANDIANDOUSHIXINGERSHANGXUEDESIXIANGFANGFA,ZAISHIJIGONGZUOZHONGBUKENENGYOUHAODEXIAOGUO。

  第四,学习掌握认识和实践辩证关系的原理,坚持实践第一的观点,不断推进实践基础上的理论创新。滚球体育实践观点是马克思主义哲学的核心观点。实践决定认识,是认识的源泉和动力,也是认识的目的和归宿。认识对实践具有反作用,正确的认识推动正确的实践,错误的认识导致错误的实践。滚球体育国古人关于知行合一的论述,强调的也是认识和实践的关系。如荀子的“不闻不若闻之,闻之不若见之,见之不若知之,知之不若行之”;西汉刘向的“耳闻之不如目见之,目见之不如足践之,足践之不如手辨之”;宋代陆游的“纸上得来终觉浅,绝知此事要躬行”;明代王夫之的“知行相资以为用”,等等。滚球体育推进各项工作,根本的还是要靠实践出真知。

滚球体育  GUNQIUTIYUDANGYIGUANZHONGSHILILUNGONGZUO,QIANGDIAOLILUNBIXUTONGSHIJIANXIANGTONGYI。LILUNYIDANTUOLILESHIJIAN,JIUHUICHENGWEIJIANGHUADEJIAOTIAO,SHIQUHUOLIHESHENGMINGLI。SHIJIANRUGUOMEIYOUZHENGQUELILUNDEZHIDAO,YERONGYI“MANGRENQIXIAMA,YEBANLINSHENCHI”。LILUNDUIGUILVDEJIESHIYUESHENKE,DUISHEHUIFAZHANHEBIANGEDEYINLINGZUOYONGJIUYUEXIANZHU。GUNQIUTIYUJIANCHIHEFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYI,BIXUGAODUZHONGSHILILUNDEZUOYONG,ZENGQIANGLILUNZIXINHEZHANLVEDINGLI,DUIJINGGUOFANFUSHIJIANHEBIJIAODECHUDEZHENGQUELILUN,BUNENGXINYUANYIMA、YOUYUBUJUE,YAOJIANDINGBUYIJIANCHI。

  SHIJIANMEIYOUZHIJING,LILUNCHUANGXINYEMEIYOUZHIJING。YAOSHIDANGHERENMINSHIYEBUTINGDUN,SHOUXIANLILUNSHANGBUNENGTINGDUN。GUNQIUTIYUYAOGENJUSHIDAIBIANHUAHESHIJIANFAZHAN,BUDUANSHENHUARENSHI,BUDUANZONGJIEJINGYAN,BUDUANJINXINGLILUNCHUANGXIN,JIANCHILILUNZHIDAOHESHIJIANTANSUOBIANZHENGTONGYI,SHIXIANLILUNCHUANGXINHESHIJIANCHUANGXINLIANGXINGHUDONG,ZAIZHEIZHONGTONGYIHEHUDONGZHONGFAZHAN21SHIJIZHONGGUODEMAKESIZHUYI。

滚球体育  (ZHEISHIXIJINPINGZONGSHUJI2015NIAN1YUE23RIZAISHIBAJIEZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUDIERSHICIJITIXUEXISHIDEJIANGHUA。)

  (网络编辑: 张慧婷)

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