滚球体育

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共建创新包容的开放型世界经济
——在首届中国国际进口博览会开幕式上的主旨演讲

06 2018-11

08:48

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 习近平

(2018年11月5日,上海)

ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOZHUXI XIJINPING

尊敬的各位国家元首、政府首脑、王室代表,

尊敬的各位国际组织负责人,

尊敬的各代表团团长,

各位来宾,

女士们,先生们,朋友们:

  2017NIAN5YUE,GUNQIUTIYUXUANBUZHONGGUOJIANGCONG2018NIANQIJUBANZHONGGUOGUOJIJINKOUBOLANHUI。JINGGUOYINIANDUOCHOUBEI,ZAIGEFANGDALIZHICHIXIA,XIANZAI,SHOUJIEZHONGGUOGUOJIJINKOUBOLANHUIZHENGSHIKAIMULE!

  SHOUXIAN,GUNQIUTIYUJINDAIBIAOZHONGGUOZHENGFUHEZHONGGUORENMIN,BINGYIGUNQIUTIYUGERENDEMINGYI,DUIGEWEIJIABINDEDAOLAI,BIAOSHIRELIEDEHUANYING!DUILAIZIWUDAZHOUDEGEFANGPENGYOU,ZHIYICHENGZHIDEWENHOUHELIANGHAODEZHUYUAN!

  ZHONGGUOGUOJIJINKOUBOLANHUI,SHIQIJINWEIZHISHIJIESHANGDIYIGEYIJINKOUWEIZHUTIDEGUOJIAJIZHANHUI,SHIGUOJIMAOYIFAZHANSHISHANGYIDACHUANGJU。JUBANZHONGGUOGUOJIJINKOUBOLANHUI,SHIZHONGGUOZHEYANYUTUIDONGXINYILUNGAOSHUIPINGDUIWAIKAIFANGZUOCHUDEZHONGDAJUECE,SHIZHONGGUOZHUDONGXIANGSHIJIEKAIFANGSHICHANGDEZHONGDAJUCUO。ZHEITIXIANLEZHONGGUOZHICHIDUOBIANMAOYITIZHI、TUIDONGFAZHANZIYOUMAOYIDEYIGUANLICHANG,SHIZHONGGUOTUIDONGGUNQIUTIYUKAIFANGXINGSHIJIEJINGJI、ZHICHIJINGJIQUANQIUHUADESHIJIXINGDONG。

  ZHEIJIEJINKOUBOLANHUIYI“XINSHIDAI,GONGXIANGWEILAI”WEIZHUTI,JIUSHIYAOHUANYINGGEGUOPENGYOU,BAWOXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANJIYU,SHENHUAGUOJIJINGMAOHEZUO,SHIXIANGONGTONGFANRONGJINBU。GONGYOU172GEGUOJIA、DIQUHEGUOJIZUZHICANHUI,3600DUOJIAQIYECANZHAN,ZHANLANZONGMIANJIDA30WANPINGFANGMI,CHAOGUO40WANMINGJINGNEIWAICAIGOUSHANGDAOHUIQIATANCAIGOU。

  GUNQIUTIYUZHONGXINXIWANG,CANHUICANZHANDEGEGUOPENGYOUDOUNENGGUANGJIELIANGYUAN、MANZAIERGUI!

滚球体育  NVSHIMEN、XIANSHENGMEN、PENGYOUMEN!

  DANGJINSHIJIEZHENGZAIJINGLIXINYILUNDAFAZHANDABIANGEDADIAOZHENG,GEGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANLIANXIRIYIMIQIE,QUANQIUZHILITIXIHEGUOJIZHIXUBIANGEJIASUTUIJIN。TONGSHI,SHIJIEJINGJISHENKEDIAOZHENG,BAOHUZHUYI、DANBIANZHUYITAITOU,JINGJIQUANQIUHUAZAOYUBOZHE,DUOBIANZHUYIHEZIYOUMAOYITIZHISHOUDAOCHONGJI,BUWENDINGBUQUEDINGYINSUYIRANHENDUO,FENGXIANTIAOZHANJIAJU。ZHEIJIUXUYAOGUNQIUTIYUCONGFENFANFUZADEJUSHIZHONGBAWOGUILV、RENQINGDASHI,JIANDINGKAIFANGHEZUOXINXIN,GONGTONGYINGDUIFENGXIANTIAOZHAN。

滚球体育  SHIJIESHANGDEYOUSHIZHISHIDOURENSHIDAO,JINGJIQUANQIUHUASHIBUKENIZHUANDELISHIDASHI,WEISHIJIEJINGJIFAZHANTIGONGLEQIANGJINGDONGLI。SHUOQISHILISHIDASHI,JIUSHIQIFAZHANSHIBUYIRENDEYIZHIWEIZHUANYIDE。RENLEIKEYIRENSHI、SHUNYING、YUNYONGLISHIGUILV,DANWUFAZUZHILISHIGUILVFASHENGZUOYONG。LISHIDASHIBIJIANGHAODANGQIANXING。

  HUIGULISHI,KAIFANGHEZUOSHIZENGQIANGGUOJIJINGMAOHUOLIDEZHONGYAODONGLI。LIZUDANGJIN,KAIFANGHEZUOSHITUIDONGSHIJIEJINGJIWENDINGFUSUDEXIANSHIYAOQIU。FANGYANWEILAI,KAIFANGHEZUOSHICUJINRENLEISHEHUIBUDUANJINBUDESHIDAIYAOQIU。

  DADAOZHIJIAN,SHIGANWEIYAO。MIANDUISHIJIEJINGJIGEJUDESHENKEBIANHUA,WEILEGONGTONGGUNQIUTIYUYIGEGENGJIAMEIHAODESHIJIE,GEGUODOUYINGGAINACHUGENGDAYONGQI,JIJITUIDONGKAIFANGHEZUO,SHIXIANGONGTONGFAZHAN。

  ——各国应该坚持开放融通,拓展互利合作空间。滚球体育开放带来进步,封闭必然落后。国际贸易和投资等经贸往来,植根于各国优势互补、互通有无的需要。纵观国际经贸发展史,深刻验证了“相通则共进,相闭则各退”的规律。各国削减壁垒、扩大开放,国际经贸就能打通血脉;如果以邻为壑、孤立封闭,国际经贸就会气滞血瘀,世界经济也难以健康发展。各国应该坚持开放的政策取向,旗帜鲜明反对保护主义、单边主义,提升多边和双边开放水平,推动各国经济联动融通,共同滚球体育开放型世界经济。各国应该加强宏观经济政策协调,减少负面外溢效应,合力促进世界经济增长。各国应该推动构建公正、合理、透明的国际经贸规则体系,推进贸易和投资自由化便利化,促进全球经济进一步开放、滚球体育、融合。

  ——各国应该坚持创新引领,加快新旧动能转换。创新是第一动力。只有敢于创新、勇于变革,才能突破世界经济发展瓶颈。世界经济刚刚走出国际金融危机阴影,回升态势尚不稳固,迫切需要各国共同推动科技创新、培育新的增长点。造福人类是科技创新最强大的动力。在休戚与共的地球村,共享创新成果,是国际社会的一致呼声和现实选择。各国应该把握新一轮科技革命和产业变革带来的机遇,加强数字经济、人工智能、纳米技术等前沿领域合作,共同打造新技术、新产业、新业态、新模式。

  ——各国应该坚持包容普惠,推动各国共同发展。滚球体育“一花独放不是春,百花齐放春满园。”追求幸福生活是各国人民共同愿望。人类社会要持续进步,各国就应该坚持要开放不要封闭,要合作不要对抗,要共赢不要独占。在经济全球化深入发展的今天,弱肉强食、赢者通吃是一条越走越窄的死胡同,包容普惠、互利共赢才是越走越宽的人间正道。各国应该超越差异和分歧,发挥各自优势,推动包容发展,携手应对全人类共同面临的风险和挑战,落实2030年可持续发展议程,减少全球发展不平衡,推动经济全球化朝着更加开放、包容、普惠、平衡、共赢的方向发展,让各国人民共享经济全球化和世界经济增长成果。

  NVSHIMEN、XIANSHENGMEN、PENGYOUMEN!

  GAIGEKAIFANG40NIANLAI,ZHONGGUORENMINZILIGENGSHENG、FAFENTUQIANG、DILIQIANXING,YIKAOZIJIDEXINQINHEHANSHUISHUXIELEGUOJIAHEMINZUFAZHANDEZHUANGLISHISHI。TONGSHI,ZHONGGUOJIANCHIDAKAIGUOMENGAOGUNQIUTIYU,SHIXIANLECONGFENGBIBANFENGBIDAOQUANFANGWEIKAIFANGDEWEIDALISHIZHUANZHE。KAIFANGYIJINGCHENGWEIDANGDAIZHONGGUODEXIANMINGBIAOSHI。ZHONGGUOBUDUANKUODADUIWAIKAIFANG,BUJINFAZHANLEZIJI,YEZAOFULESHIJIE。

  JINNIAN4YUE,GUNQIUTIYUZAIBOAOYAZHOULUNTANNIANHUIKAIMUSHISHANGSHUOGUO,GUOQU40NIANZHONGGUOJINGJIFAZHANSHIZAIKAIFANGTIAOJIANXIAQUDEDE,WEILAIZHONGGUOJINGJISHIXIANGAOZHILIANGFAZHANYEBIXUZAIGENGJIAKAIFANGDETIAOJIANXIAJINXING。GUNQIUTIYUDUOCIQIANGDIAO,ZHONGGUOKAIFANGDEDAMENBUHUIGUANBI,ZHIHUIYUEKAIYUEDA。ZHONGGUOTUIDONGGENGGAOSHUIPINGKAIFANGDEJIAOBUBUHUITINGZHI!ZHONGGUOTUIDONGGUNQIUTIYUKAIFANGXINGSHIJIEJINGJIDEJIAOBUBUHUITINGZHI!ZHONGGUOTUIDONGGOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIDEJIAOBUBUHUITINGZHI!

  ZHONGGUOJIANGJIANDINGBUYIFENGXINGHULIGONGYINGDEKAIFANGZHANLVE,SHIXINGGAOSHUIPINGDEMAOYIHETOUZIZIYOUHUABIANLIHUAZHENGCE,TUIDONGXINGCHENGLUHAINEIWAILIANDONG、DONGXISHUANGXIANGHUJIDEKAIFANGGEJU。ZHONGGUOJIANGSHIZHONGSHIQUANQIUGONGTONGKAIFANGDEZHONGYAOTUIDONGZHE,ZHONGGUOJIANGSHIZHONGSHISHIJIEJINGJIZENGZHANGDEWENDINGDONGLIYUAN,ZHONGGUOJIANGSHIZHONGSHIGEGUOTUOZHANSHANGJIDEHUOLIDASHICHANG,ZHONGGUOJIANGSHIZHONGSHIQUANQIUZHILIGAIGEDEJIJIGONGXIANZHE!

  WEIJINYIBUKUODAKAIFANG,ZHONGGUOJIANGZAIYIXIAJIFANGMIANJIADATUIJINLIDU。

  第一,激发进口潜力。中国主动扩大进口,不是权宜之计,而是面向世界、面向未来、促进共同发展的长远考量。中国将顺应国内消费升级趋势,采取更加积极有效的政策措施,促进居民收入增加、消费能力增强,培育中高端消费新增长点,持续释放国内市场潜力,扩大进口空间。中国将进一步降低关税,提升通关便利化水平,削减进口环节制度性成本,加快跨境电子商务等新业态新模式发展。中国有13亿多人口的大市场,中国真诚向各国开放市场,中国国际进口博览会不仅要年年办下去,而且要办出水平、办出成效、越办越好。

  第二,持续放宽市场准入。4月份滚球体育宣布的放宽市场准入各项举措,目前已基本落地。中国已经进一步精简了外商投资准入负面清单,减少投资限制,提升投资自由化水平。中国正在稳步扩大金融业开放,持续推进滚球体育业开放,深化农业、采矿业、制造业开放,加快电信、教育、医疗、文化等领域开放进程,特别是外国投资者关注、国内市场缺口较大的教育、医疗等领域也将放宽外资股比限制。预计未来15年,中国进口商品和滚球体育将分别超过30万亿美元和10万亿美元。

  第三,营造国际一流营商环境。中国将加快出台外商投资法规,完善公开、透明的涉外法律体系,全面深入实施准入前国民待遇加负面清单管理制度。中国将尊重国际营商惯例,对在中国境内注册的各类企业一视同仁、平等对待。中国将保护外资企业合法权益,坚决依法惩处侵犯外商合法权益特别是侵犯知识产权行为,提高知识产权审查质量和审查效率,引入惩罚性赔偿制度,显著提高违法成本。营商环境只有更好,没有最好。各国都应该努力改进自己的营商环境,解决自身存在的问题,不能总是粉饰自己、指责他人,不能像手电筒那样只照他人、不照自己。

  第四,打造对外开放新高地。滚球体育中国将支持自由贸易试验区深化改革创新,持续深化差别化探索,加大压力测试,发挥自由贸易试验区改革开放试验田作用。中国将抓紧研究提出海南分步骤、分阶段滚球体育自由贸易港政策和制度体系,加快探索滚球体育中国特色自由贸易港进程。这是中国扩大对外开放的重大举措,将带动形成更高层次改革开放新格局。

  第五,推动多边和双边合作深入发展。滚球体育中国一贯主张,坚定维护世界贸易组织规则,支持对世界贸易组织进行必要改革,共同捍卫多边贸易体制。中国愿推动早日达成区域全面经济伙伴关系协定,加快推进中欧投资协定谈判,加快中日韩自由贸易区谈判进程。中国将认真实施2018年中非合作论坛北京峰会提出的“八大行动”。中国支持二十国集团、亚太经合组织、上海合作组织、金砖国家等机制发挥更大作用,推动全球经济治理体系朝着更加公正合理的方向发展。中国将继续推进共建“一带一路”,坚持共商共建共享,同相关国家一道推进重大项目滚球体育,搭建更多贸易促进平台,鼓励更多有实力、信誉好的中国企业到沿线国家开展投资合作,深化生态、科技、文化、民生等各领域滚球体育合作,为全球提供开放合作的国际平台。

滚球体育  NVSHIMEN、XIANSHENGMEN、PENGYOUMEN!

滚球体育  DANGQIAN,ZHONGGUOJINGJIYUNXINGZONGTIPINGWEN、WENZHONGYOUJIN。QIANSANJIDU,ZHONGGUOGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHIZENGZHANG6.7%,QIZHONGDISANJIDUZENGZHANG6.5%,FUHEYUQIMUBIAO。QUANNIANLIANGSHICHANLIANGKEWANGBAOCHIZAI1.2WANYIJINYISHANG。CHENGZHENXINZENGJIUYE1107WANREN,TIQIANWANCHENGQUANNIANMUBIAO。CONGJINGJIZENGZHANG、JIUYE、WUJIA、GUOJISHOUZHI、QIYELIRUN、CAIZHENGSHOURU、LAODONGSHENGCHANLVDENGZHUYAOZHIBIAOKAN,ZHONGGUOJINGJIYUNXINGDOUCHUYUHELIQUJIAN,WEISHIXIANQUANNIANMUBIAORENWUDAXIALEZHONGYAOJICHU。TONGQITAZHUYAOJINGJITIXIANGBI,ZHONGGUOJINGJIZENGZHANGRENGJUSHIJIEQIANLIE。

  DUIZHONGGUOJINGJIFAZHANQIANJING,DAJIAWANQUANKEYIBAOZHELEGUANTAIDU。ZHONGGUOJINGJIFAZHANJIANKANGWENDINGDEJIBENMIANMEIYOUGAIBIAN,ZHICHENGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDESHENGCHANYAOSUTIAOJIANMEIYOUGAIBIAN,ZHANGQIWENZHONGXIANGHAODEZONGTISHITOUMEIYOUGAIBIAN。ZHONGGUOHONGGUANDIAOKONGNENGLIBUDUANZENGQIANG,QUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGEBUDUANSHIFANGFAZHANDONGLI。SUIZHEGONGJIAN“YIDAIYILU”ZHASHITUIJIN,ZHONGGUOTONG“YIDAIYILU”YANXIANGUOJIADETOUZIHEMAOYIHEZUOJIAKUAITUIJIN。ZHONGGUOJUYOUBAOCHIJINGJIZHANGQIJIANKANGWENDINGFAZHANDEZHUDUOYOULITIAOJIAN。

滚球体育  DANGRAN,RENHESHIWUDOUYOUQILIANGMIAN,ZAIDANGQIANGUOJIGUONEIJINGJIXINGSHIXIA,ZHONGGUOJINGJIFAZHANYEYUDAOLEYIXIETUCHUMAODUNHEWENTI,YIXIELINGYUBUQUEDINGXINGYOUSUOSHANGSHENG,YIXIEQIYEJINGYINGKUNNANZENGDUO,YIXIELINGYUFENGXIANTIAOZHANZENGDA。ZONGTIKAN,ZHEIXIEDOUSHIQIANJINZHONGYUDAODEWENTI,GUNQIUTIYUZHENGZAICAIQUCUOSHIJIJIJIAYIJIEJUE,CHENGXIAOYIJINGHUOZHENGZAIXIANXIANCHULAI。

滚球体育  ZHONGGUOSHISHIJIEDIERDAJINGJITI,YOU13YIDUORENKOUDEDASHICHANG,YOU960DUOWANPINGFANGGONGLIDEGUOTU,ZHONGGUOJINGJISHIYIPIANDAHAI,ERBUSHIYIGEXIAOCHITANG。DAHAIYOUFENGPINGLANGJINGZHISHI,YEYOUFENGKUANGYUZHOUZHISHI。MEIYOUFENGKUANGYUZHOU,NEIJIUBUSHIDAHAILE。KUANGFENGZHOUYUKEYIXIANFANXIAOCHITANG,DANBUNENGXIANFANDAHAI。JINGLILEWUSHUCIKUANGFENGZHOUYU,DAHAIYIJIUZAINEIER!JINGLILE5000DUONIANDEJIANNANKUNKU,ZHONGGUOYIJIUZAIZHEIER!MIANXIANGWEILAI,ZHONGGUOJIANGYONGYUANZAIZHEIER!

  GUNQIUTIYUXIANGXIN,ZHIYAOGUNQIUTIYUBAOCHIZHANLVEDINGLI,QUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGEKAIFANG,SHENHUAGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGE,XIADAQILIJIEJUECUNZAIDETUCHUMAODUNHEWENTI,ZHONGGUOJINGJIJIUYIDINGNENGJIAKUAIZHUANRUGAOZHILIANGFAZHANGUIDAO,ZHONGGUORENMINJIUYIDINGNENGZHANSHENGQIANJINDAOLUSHANGDEYIQIEKUNNANTIAOZHAN,ZHONGGUOJIUYIDINGNENGYINGLAIGENGJIAGUANGMINGDEFAZHANQIANJING。

  NVSHIMEN、XIANSHENGMEN、PENGYOUMEN!

滚球体育  YIZUOCHENGSHIYOUYIZUOCHENGSHIDEPINGE。SHANGHAIBEIKAOZHANGJIANGSHUI,MIANXIANGTAIPINGYANG,ZHANGQILINGZHONGGUOKAIFANGFENGQIZHIXIAN。SHANGHAIZHISUOYIFAZHANDEZHEIMEHAO,TONGQIKAIFANGPINGE、KAIFANGYOUSHI、KAIFANGZUOWEIJINMIXIANGLIAN。GUNQIUTIYUCENGJINGZAISHANGHAIGONGZUOGUO,QIESHENGANSHOUDAOKAIFANGZHIYUSHANGHAI、SHANGHAIKAIFANGZHIYUZHONGGUODEZHONGYAOXING。KAIFANG、CHUANGXIN、BAORONGYICHENGWEISHANGHAIZUIXIANMINGDEPINGE。ZHEIZHONGPINGESHIXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANJINBUDESHENGDONGXIEZHAO。

  WEILEGENGHAOFAHUISHANGHAIDENGDIQUZAIDUIWAIKAIFANGZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,GUNQIUTIYUJUEDING,YISHIJIANGZENGSHEZHONGGUOSHANGHAIZIYOUMAOYISHIYANQUDEXINPIANQU,GULIHEZHICHISHANGHAIZAITUIJINTOUZIHEMAOYIZIYOUHUABIANLIHUAFANGMIANDADANCHUANGXINTANSUO,WEIQUANGUOJILEIGENGDUOKEFUZHIKETUIGUANGJINGYAN。ERSHIJIANGZAISHANGHAIZHENGQUANJIAOYISUOSHELIKECHUANGBANBINGSHIDIANZHUCEZHI,ZHICHISHANGHAIGUOJIJINRONGZHONGXINHEKEJICHUANGXINZHONGXINGUNQIUTIYU,BUDUANWANSHANZIBENSHICHANGJICHUZHIDU。SANSHIJIANGZHICHIZHANGJIANGSANJIAOZHOUQUYUYITIHUAFAZHANBINGSHANGSHENGWEIGUOJIAZHANLVE,ZHELILUOSHIXINFAZHANLINIAN,GOUJIANXIANDAIHUAJINGJITIXI,TUIJINGENGGAOQIDIANDESHENHUAGAIGEHEGENGGAOCENGCIDEDUIWAIKAIFANG,TONG“YIDAIYILU”GUNQIUTIYU、JINGJINJIXIETONGFAZHAN、ZHANGJIANGJINGJIDAIFAZHAN、YUEGANGAODAWANQUGUNQIUTIYUXIANGHUPEIHE,WANSHANZHONGGUOGAIGEKAIFANGKONGJIANBUJU。

滚球体育  NVSHIMEN、XIANSHENGMEN、PENGYOUMEN!

  中国国际进口博览会由中国主办单位:滚球体育

  XIEXIEDAJIA。

  (网络编辑: 张慧婷)

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