滚球体育

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在深入推动长江经济带发展座谈会上的讲话

14 2018-06

08:52

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 习近平

(2018年4月26日)

习近平

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滚球体育  ZONGTISHANGKAN,SHISHIZHANGJIANGJINGJIDAIFAZHANZHANLVEYAOJIADALIDU。ZHEISHIGUNQIUTIYUZHEICIDIAOYANHEZHAOKAIZUOTANHUIDEMUDE。ZHEIJITIAN,GUNQIUTIYUXIANHOUDAOYICHANG、JINGZHOU、YUEYANG、WUHANYIJISANXIABAQUDENGDI,KAOCHALEQIYEZHUANXINGFAZHAN、HUAGONGQIYEBANQIAN、FEIFAMATOUZHENGZHI、WURANZHILI、HESHIKONGZHIHEHUANGONGCHENG、HANGDAOZHILI、SHIDIXIUFU、SHUIWENZHANSHUIWENJIANCEGONGZUODENGFANGMIANDEQINGKUANG,HAIDAOXIANGCUN、QIYE、SHEQUDENGDIZUOLEDIAOYAN,YANTUTINGQULEHUBEI、HUNANYOUGUANFUZETONGZHIGUANYUBENSHENGCANYUZHANGJIANGJINGJIDAIFAZHANDEQINGKUANGHUIBAO。GANGCAI,YOUTINGQULEGUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEI、SHENGTAIHUANJINGBU、JIAOTONGYUNSHUBU、SHUILIBUFUZETONGZHIHEBUFENSHENGSHIFUZETONGZHIDEFAYAN,HANZHENGTONGZHIYEZUOLEJIANGHUA。XIAMIAN,JIEHEDIAOYANQINGKUANGHETONGZHIMENDEFAYAN,GUNQIUTIYUJIU3GEWENTIJIANGDIANYIJIAN。

  第一个问题: 全面把握长江经济带发展的形势和任务

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  LIANGNIANDUOLAI,TUIDONGZHANGJIANGJINGJIDAIFAZHANLINGDAOXIAOZUBANGONGSHIHUITONGGUOWUYUANYOUGUANBUMEN、YANJIANGSHENGSHIZUOLEDALIANGGONGZUO,ZAIQIANGHUADINGCENGSHEJI、GAISHANSHENGTAIHUANJING、CUJINZHUANXINGFAZHAN、TANSUOTIZHIJIZHIGAIGEDENGFANGMIANQUDELEJIJIJINZHAN。YISHIGUIHUAZHENGCETIXIBUDUANWANSHAN,《ZHANGJIANGJINGJIDAIFAZHANGUIHUAGANGYAO》JI10GEZHUANXIANGGUIHUAYINFASHISHI,CHAOGUO10GEGELINGYUZHENGCEWENJIANCHUTAISHISHI。ERSHIGONGZHUADABAOHUGEJUJIBENQUELI,KAIZHANXILIEZHUANXIANGZHENGZHIXINGDONG,FEIFAMATOUZHONGYOU959ZUOYICHEDICHAICHU、402ZUOYIJIBENZHENGGAIGUIFAN,YINYONGSHUIYUANDI、RUHEPAIWUKOU、HUAGONGWURAN、GUTIFEIWUDENGZHUANXIANGZHENGZHIXINGDONGZHASHIKAIZHAN,ZHANGJIANGSHUIZHIYOULIANGBILIYOU2015NIANDIDE74.3%TIGAODAO2017NIANSANJIDUDE77.3%。SANSHIZONGHELITIJIAOTONGZOULANGGUNQIUTIYUJIAKUAITUIJIN,CHANYEZHUANXINGSHENGJIQUDEJIJIJINZHAN,XINXINGCHENGZHENHUACHIXUTUIJIN,DUIWAIKAIFANGSHUIPINGMINGXIANTISHENG,JINGJIBAOCHIWENDINGZENGZHANGSHITOU,ZHANGJIANGYANXIAN11SHENGSHIDEDIQUSHENGCHANZONGZHIZHANQUANGUOBIZHONGCHAOGUOLE45%。SISHIJUJIAOMINSHENGGAISHANZHONGDIANWENTI,ZHASHITUIJINJIBENGONGGONGGUNQIUTIYUJUNDENGHUA,RENMINSHENGHUOSHUIPINGMINGXIANTIGAO。

  ZAIKENDINGCHENGJIDETONGSHI,GUNQIUTIYUYEYAOQINGXINGKANDAOMIANLINDEKUNNANTIAOZHANHETUCHUWENTI。

  一是对长江经济带发展战略仍存在一些片面认识。两年多来,各级领导干部思想认识不断深化,但也有些人的认识不全面、不深入。有的认为共抓大保护、不搞大开发就是不发展了,没有辩证看待经济发展和生态环境保护的关系。有的仍然受先污染后治理、先破坏后修复的旧观念影响,认为在追赶发展阶段“环境代价还是得付”,对共抓大保护重要性认识不足。有的环境治理和修复项目推进进度偏慢、办法不多,甚至以缺少资金、治理难度大等理由拖延搪塞。这反映出一些同志在抓生态环境保护上主动性不足、创造性不够,思想上的结还没有真正解开。

  二是生态环境形势依然严峻。流域生态功能退化依然严重,长江“双肾”洞庭湖、鄱阳湖频频干旱见底,接近30%的重要湖库仍处于富营养化状态,长江生物完整性指数到了最差的“无鱼”等级。沿江产业发展惯性较大,污染物排放基数大,废水、化学需氧量、氨氮排放量分别占全国的43%、37%、43%。长江岸线、港口乱占滥用、占而不用、多占少用、粗放利用的问题仍然突出。流域环境风险隐患突出,长江经济带内30%的环境风险企业位于饮用水源地周边5公里范围内,生产储运区交替分布。干线港口危险化学品年吞吐量达1.7亿吨、超过250种,运输量仍以年均近10%的速度增长。同时,出现了一些新问题,比如固体危废品跨区域违法倾倒呈多发态势,污染产业向中上游转移风险隐患加剧,等等。

  三是生态环境协同保护体制机制亟待建立健全。统分结合、整体联动的工作机制尚不健全,生态环境保护制度尚不完善,市场化、多元化的生态补偿机制滚球体育进展缓慢,生态环境硬约束机制尚未建立,长江保护法治进程滞后。生态环境协同治理较弱,难以有效适应全流域完整性管理的要求。

  四是流域发展不平衡不协调问题突出。长江经济带横跨滚球体育国东中西部,地区发展条件差异大,基础设施、公共滚球体育和人民生活水平的差距较大。三峡库区、中部蓄滞洪区和7个集中连片特困地区脱贫攻坚任务还很繁重。区域合作虚多实少,城市群缺乏协同,带动力不足。

  五是有关方面主观能动性有待提高。中央专项安排长江经济带生态环境保护的资金规模不大,有关部门涉及长江经济带生态环境保护资金安排的统筹程度不强、整体效率不高。地方投资力度和积极性欠缺,政策性金融和开发性金融机构的支持力度不够。企业和社会资本参与度不高。干部队伍配备不足,宣传教育不到位,人才培养和滚球体育力度也不足。

  第二个问题: 推动长江经济带发展需要正确把握的几个关系

  XIANZAI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIYIYOUGAOSUZENGZHANGJIEDUANZHUANXIANGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANJIEDUAN。XINXINGSHIXIA,TUIDONGZHANGJIANGJINGJIDAIFAZHAN,GUANJIANSHIYAOZHENGQUEBAWOZHENGTITUIJINHEZHONGDIANTUPO、SHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUHEJINGJIFAZHAN、ZONGTIMOUHUAHEJIUJIUWEIGONG、POCHUJIUDONGNENGHEPEIYUXINDONGNENG、ZISHENFAZHANHEXIETONGFAZHANDENGGUANXI,JIANCHIXINFAZHANLINIAN,JIANCHIWENZHONGQIUJINGONGZUOZONGJIDIAO,JIAQIANGGAIGECHUANGXIN、ZHANLVETONGCHOU、GUIHUAYINDAO,SHIZHANGJIANGJINGJIDAICHENGWEIYINLINGGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDESHENGLIJUN。

  第一,正确把握整体推进和重点突破的关系,全面做好长江生态环境保护修复工作。推动长江经济带发展,前提是坚持生态优先,把修复长江生态环境摆在压倒性位置,逐步解决长江生态环境透支问题。这就要从生态系统整体性和长江流域系统性着眼,统筹山水林田湖草等生态要素,实施好生态修复和环境保护工程。要坚持整体推进,增强各项措施的关联性和耦合性,防止畸重畸轻、单兵突进、顾此失彼。要坚持重点突破,在整体推进的基础上抓主要矛盾和矛盾的主要方面,采取有针对性的具体措施,努力做到全局和局部相配套、治本和治标相结合、渐进和突破相衔接,实现整体推进和重点突破相统一。

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  第二,正确把握生态环境保护和经济发展的关系,探索协同推进生态优先和绿色发展新路子。推动长江经济带探索生态优先、绿色发展的新路子,关键是要处理好绿水青山和金山银山的关系。这不仅是实现可持续发展的内在要求,而且是推进现代化滚球体育的重大原则。生态环境保护和经济发展不是矛盾对立的关系,而是辩证统一的关系。生态环境保护的成败归根到底取决于经济结构和经济发展方式。发展经济不能对资源和生态环境竭泽而渔,生态环境保护也不是舍弃经济发展而缘木求鱼,要坚持在发展中保护、在保护中发展,实现经济社会发展与人口、资源、环境相协调,使绿水青山产生巨大生态效益、经济效益、社会效益。

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  ZHANGJIANGJINGJIDAIYINGGAIZOUCHUYITIAOSHENGTAIYOUXIAN、LVSEFAZHANDEXINLUZI。YISHIYAOSHENKELIJIEBAWOGONGZHUADABAOHU、BUGAODAKAIFAHESHENGTAIYOUXIAN、LVSEFAZHANDENEIHAN。GONGZHUADABAOHUHESHENGTAIYOUXIANJIANGDESHISHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUWENTI,SHIQIANTI;BUGAODAKAIFAHELVSEFAZHANJIANGDESHIJINGJIFAZHANWENTI,SHIJIEGUO;GONGZHUADABAOHU、BUGAODAKAIFACEZHONGDANGQIANHECELVEFANGFA;SHENGTAIYOUXIAN、LVSEFAZHANQIANGDIAOWEILAIHEFANGXIANGLUJING,BICISHIBIANZHENGTONGYIDE。ERSHIYAOJIJITANSUOTUIGUANGLVSHUIQINGSHANZHUANHUAWEIJINSHANYINSHANDELUJING,XUANZEJUBEITIAOJIANDEDIQUKAIZHANSHENGTAICHANPINJIAZHISHIXIANJIZHISHIDIAN,TANSUOZHENGFUZHUDAO、QIYEHESHEHUIGEJIECANYU、SHICHANGHUAYUNZUO、KECHIXUDESHENGTAICHANPINJIAZHISHIXIANLUJING。SANSHIYAOSHENRUSHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE,DAHAOTUOPINGONGJIANZHAN,FAHUINONGCUNSHENGTAIZIYUANFENGFUDEYOUSHI,XIYINZIBEN、JISHU、RENCAIDENGYAOSUXIANGXIANGCUNLIUDONG,BALVSHUIQINGSHANBIANCHENGJINSHANYINSHAN,DAIDONGPINKUNRENKOUZENGSHOU。

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