滚球体育

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实现生态产品价值,市场化路径有哪些

2019-08-22
22 2020-08

09:09

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 李宏伟

  【生态聚焦】

  绿水青山向金山银山转化的本质是如何将生态资源转化为生态资产,生态价值体现为经济价值。2018年习近平总书记在深入推动长江经济带发展座谈会上强调,要探索政府主导、企业和社会各界参与、市场化运作、可持续的生态产品价值实现路径。从目前各地的实践来看,政府这只手作用发挥较好,市场这只手作用发挥还不够,特别是企业和社会各界的参与不足,市场化的自然资源定价、交易机制仍不完善。

  破解保护与发展矛盾的独创概念

滚球体育  SHENGTAICHANPINBAOHANZIRANYAOSUYIJIYOUSHENGTAICHANYEHUA、CHANYESHENGTAIHUAXINGCHENGDEJINGYINGXINGCHANPIN。XIANGYINGDI,SHENGTAICHANPINJIAZHIKEFENWEIXUYAOBUCHANGDESHENGTAIJIAZHIHEKEGONGJIAOYIDEJINGJIJIAZHI。SHENGTAICHANPINSHIGUNQIUTIYUGUOTICHUDEDUCHUANGXINGGAINIAN,YUXIFANGDEZIRANZIBEN、SHENGTAIXITONGGUNQIUTIYUDENGGAINIANYOUGONGTONGXING,QUBIEZAIYUSHENGTAICHANPINTUPOLE“WEIJINGJILUN”HE“WEISHENGTAILUN”,QIANGDIAOZAIBAOHUSHENGTAIDEJICHUSHANGGENGHAODIHUODEJINGJISHOUYI,TONGGUOSHENGTAICHANPINJIAZHISHIXIANPOJIEBAOHUYUFAZHANDEMAODUN。

  GENJUSHENGTAICHANPINDESHUXING,KEYIJIANGQIHUAFENWEISANLEI: YISHIJUYOUCHUNGONGGONGCHANPINSHUXINGDESHENGTAICHANPIN(LIRUSENLIN、SHIDI、HELIUDENG),JUYOUFEIPAITA、FEIJINGZHENGXING,WUFAJIEDINGCHANQUAN,ZHUYAOYOUZHENGFUZHUDAOJINXINGBAOHUHEXIUFU。ERSHIJUYOUSIRENCHANPINSHUXINGDESHENGTAICHANPIN,SHENGCHANHEXIAOFEIDUIXIANGMINGQUE,BAOKUOSHENGTAINONGCHANPIN、GONGYEPIN、GUNQIUTIYUYECHANPIN,KEYIQIYEHUOGERENWEIGONGJIZHUTI,SHICHANGJIAZHIKEZHIJIETONGGUOSHICHANGJIAOYISHIXIAN。SANSHIJIEYUERZHEZHIJIANDEZHUNGONGGONGCHANPIN,SHEJIZHUTIZHONGDUO、LIYIFUZA,XUYAODUOYUANZHILI、XIESHANGGONGSHI,XUNQIULIYIZUIDAGONGYUESHU。ZAIQUEBAOSHENGTAICHANPINSHENGTAIJIAZHIDEQIANTIXIA,JIANGSHENGTAIZIYUANDUIJIESHICHANGXUQIU,JIANGZIRANZIBENDUIJIECHANYEZIBEN,KESHIXIANSHENGTAIZIYUANZENGZHI,CHONGFENFAJUESHENGTAICHANPINDAILAIDEJINGJIHONGLI。

  生态产品市场化存在瓶颈

  SHENGTAICHANPINJIAZHISHIXIANDEHEXINWENTISHI“RUHEYOUXIAOZHUANHUA”。SHIJIANZHONG,FUJIANSHENGNANPINGSHI、YONGCHUNXIANYIJIZHEJIANGSHENGLISHUISHI、QUZHOUSHI、HUZHOUSHIDENGDIDOUZAIYINDIZHIYITANSUOSHICHANGHUADEZHUANHUAMOSHI,DANZAITUIJINGUOCHENGZHONGJUNBUTONGCHENGDUYUDAOPINGJING,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEI:

滚球体育  YISHIHEFAHUAQUANSHUDEWENTI。SHENGTAISHICHANGJIAOYIDEQIANTISHICHANQUANQINGXIERHEFA。YOUYUZIRANZIYUANCHANQUANZHIDUBUWANBEI,SHENGTAICHANPINSHICHANGHUATUIJINZHONGJINGCHANGYUDAOSHENGTAIZIYUANCHANQUANJIEDINGBUQING,YIXIEZIYUANDESUOYOUQUAN、SHIYONGQUAN、ZULINQUANMEIYOUFALVYIYIDEHEFADIYA、JIAOYIQUANXIAN;YOUDEQIYEYUXIAN、XIANGZHENGFU、CUNJITIQIANDINGHEYUE,YOUSHITOUZIZUOHAOLE,SHIJIYONGYOUCHANQUANDENONGHUQUEFANHUISHOUHUI,QIYEHESHEHUIZIBENWEILEGUIBIFENGXIANZHINENGFANGQITOUZIKAIFA。

  ERSHIBIAOZHUNHUADINGJIADEWENTI。SHENGTAICHANPINDEJIAZHIDAODIYOUDUODA,SHINENGFOUKEXUEYOUXIAOTUIJINSHENGTAICHANPINSHICHANGHUADEZHONGYAOJICHU。MUQIANGUNQIUTIYUGUOZAISHENGTAICHANPINJIAZHIHESUANFANGMIANYIYOUYIDINGTANSUO,DANBIAOZHUNBUYIZHI、FANGFABUTONGYI、KEBIXINGJIAOCHA,MEIXIANGCHANPINYUGUNQIUTIYUDEJINGJIJIAZHIQUEFAKEXUEXINGDEGUZHI、BIAOZHUNHUADEDINGJIA,CONGSHENGTAIZIYUANDAOSHENGTAIZICHANDEZHUANHUABIANXIANQUESHAOYIJU。FUJIANNANPING“SHENGTAIYINXING”ZAISHIJIANZHONGFAXIAN: DABUFENHOUDUANJIAOYIWEINENGJINXINGCHONGFENJINGJIA,JIBENSHANGSHIMAIFANGSHICHANG,LIUZHUANJIAGEYOUSHICHANGZHUTIZHUDAO;BUFENYIXIANJINHUOGUQUANZUOJIADEGUOCHENG,GONGKAICHENGXULVXINGBUDAOWEI,WEIJIANGLIUZHUANJIAGEANCHENGXUJINXINGGONGSHI、TINGZHENG、SUOYOUZHEZHUTIQUERENDENG;JIAGEWEINENGCHONGFENTIXIANSHENGTAIHUANJINGDEWAIBUXINGYUWAIYIJIAZHI,JIBENSHANGDOUBAZIYUANDANGZUODANYIYUANSU,WEIKAOLVJIANGZIYUANSUOZAIDESHANSHUILINTIANHUCAOSHENGTAIXITONGZUOWEITONGYIZHENGTIJINXINGZONGHEDINGJIADENG。

滚球体育  SANSHIDUOYUANHUABUCHANGDEWENTI。MUQIAN,SHENGTAIBAOHUBIAOZHUNHECHENGBENYUELAIYUEGAO,ERGEDIDUIKUADIQUSHENGTAIBUCHANGDEYIJU、BIAOZHUNJIFANGSHIDENGSHANGWEIDACHENGGONGSHI,DUI“WEISHENMEBU”“SHEIBUSHEI”“BUDUOSHAO”“RUHEBU”DENGWENTISHANGWEILIQINGCHU,DUIYUCHENGDANZHONGYAOSHENGTAIBAOHURENWUDEHEXINSHENGTAIBAOHUQU、ZHONGDIANSHENGTAIGONGNENGQUDENGZUOCHUDEGONGXIANJIAZHI、YINGGAIDEDAODESHENGTAIBUCHANGMEIYOUTONGYIDEPINGGUHEBIAOZHUN。YUCITONGSHI,BUCHANGDEFANGSHIDANYI、BIAOZHUNPUBIANJIAODI,MEIYOUZHENZHENGZUODAO“SHEISHOUYI,SHEIBUCHANG”。XUDUOSHANGYOUDIQUSHISHENGTAIBAOHURENWUZHONG、JINGJIFAZHANXIANGDUIZHIHOUDEDIQU,PUBIANGANDAOBAOHUYALIDA,BAOHUDEJIJIXINGSHOUDAOYINGXIANG。

  生态资源如何变成生态产品

  GEDIDESHIJIANCHUANGXINWEITANSUOSHENGTAICHANPINSHICHANGHUAJIZHIDIANDINGLELIANGHAOJICHU。

  2017NIANQI,FUJIANSHENGNANPINGSHITONGGUOJIEJIANSHANGYEYINXING“FENSANHUASHURU、JIZHONGSHISHUCHU”MOSHI,ZAIQIANDUANDUISUIPIANHUAZIRANZIYUANJINXINGMODI、QUEQUAN、PINGGU、CHUBEI,JIANGZIYUANSHIYONGQUAN、JINGYINGQUANDENGJIZHONGZHI“SHENGTAIYINXING”YUNYINGJIGOU,SHIXIAN“ZIYUANBIANZICHAN”DEZHUANHUA;ZAIHOUDUANTONGGUOGUQUANHEZUO、WEITUOJINGYINGDENGFANGSHI,YINRUYOUZHIYUNYINGGUANLIQIYE,QIAODONGZIJINLIURU,JIANGUGAOSHUIPINGKAIFAHEZIYUANBAOHU,TONGGUOLVSECHANYEXIANGMUTOUZISHOUYIHUODEHUIBAO,SHIXIAN“ZICHANBIANZIBEN”DEZHUANHUA。“SHENGTAIYINXING”BENZHISHANGCHONGDANGLESHENGTAIZICHANHELVSECHANYEZHIJIANDEZIYUAN、XINXIHEXINYONGZHONGJIE。MUQIAN,NANPINGSHIYIYINDIZHIYITANSUOSHUNCHANG“SENLINSHENGTAIYINXING”、WUYISHANWUFU“WENHUASHENGTAIYINXING”、PUCHENG“TUDISHENGTAIYINXING”DENGDUOZHONGYUNZUOMOSHI,ZAIZIYUANJINGXIHUADIAOCHA、QUANYUHUAZHENGHE、DUOYUANHUAZENGZHI、CHANYEHUABIANXIANFANGMIANJILEILEBAOGUIJINGYAN。ZHEJIANGSHENGLISHUISHITONGGUOZAIQUANSHIKAIZHANSHENGTAIXITONGSHENGCHANZONGZHI(GEP)HESUAN,KEGUANFANYINGCHUSHENGTAIXITONGDUIRENLEIFUZHIDEGONGXIAN,JIANGGEPZUOWEISHENGTAIBAOHUCHENGXIAOHEJIXIAOKAOPINGDEZHIBIAO,WEISHENGTAIBUCHANGBIAOZHUNDEQUEDINGTIGONGKEXUEYIJU。CIWAI,NANPINGSHIHELISHUISHIHAIFENBIESHELI“WUYISHANSHUI”HE“LISHUISHANGENG”QUYUGONGYONGPINPAI,DATONGSHENGTAICHANPINYIJIAZENGZHIDETONGDAO。SHENGTAIZIYUANFUJIDIQUYOUYUEDESHENGTAIHUANJINGSHENGCHANCHUZHONGDUOLVSEYOUZHIDENONGFUCHANPIN,DANPUBIAN“YANGZAISHENGUIRENWEISHI”,HAOCHANPINMAIBUCHUHAOJIAQIAN。LIANGDITONGGUOTONGYIZHILIANGBIAOZHUN、JIANYANJIANCE、GONGYONGPINPAI、YINGXIAOYUNZUO,YIPINPAIGUNQIUTIYUDAOBIPINZHITISHENG,RANGYOUZHICHANPIN“YOUSHENJIA”,SHIXIANLESHENGTAICHANPINDEYIJIA。

滚球体育  ZHENDUISHENGTAICHANPINSHICHANGHUAGAIGEZHONGYUDAODEPINGJING,GEDIHAIYINGZAIJIAKUAIQUEQUANDENGJI、JIANLISHENGTAICHANPINMULUQINGDAN、ZHIDINGSHENGTAICHANPINJIAGEPINGGUBIAOZHUN、SHISHISHENGTAIJIAZHIHESUAN、TUIJINDUOYUANHUASHENGTAIBUCHANGDENGFANGMIANSHENRUTANSUO。

  HANGSHIDIAOCHAQUEQUANJICHU。LUOSHIHAONONGYENONGCUNBUMENQIANTOUKAIZHANDECUNJITIZICHANQINGCHANHEZI、ZIRANZIYUANBUMENFUZEDENONGCUNFANGWUQUANJIDIAOCHAYUGUOTUSANDIAO、GEBUMENFENSANGUANLIDEZHENGFUTOUZIZICHANDEQINGCHADENGGONGZUO,BIAOZHUNSHIYAODADAOKEFAZHENGJIBIE。

  WANSHANZUOJIAFANGFA。JIANLIJIANQUANLINDI、GENGDI、CHASHANDENGZIYUANPINGGUHESUAN,GUIFANPINGGULIUCHENG。JIAKUAIYANJIUZHIDINGJIZHUNSHUIJIA,FENLEIJIANLISHUIJIAJISUANPINGGUMOXING;TANSUOTUIGUANGZIYUANZHENGTIZIBENHUA,TONGCHOUKAOLVZIYUANWAIBUHUANJING、XIANGMUYETAI、TOUZIXIAOYIDENGYINSU,XITONGPINGGUQUYUZIYUANZHENGTIJIAZHI。

  GOUJIANZHICHIZIRANZIYUANZICHANYUNYINGDEJINRONGTIXI。YINDAOCAIZHENGHEJINRONGZHENGCEPEIHE,ZAITIEXI、SHUISHOU、DANBAO、SHANGSHIDENGFANGMIANJIANLIJINRONGJINRULVSECHANYEDEJILIJIZHI,FAHUIHAOLVSEZHAIQUAN、LVSEJIJINJISHENGTAIZIYUANCHANQUANSHICHANGDENGZHIJIERONGZIQUDAO。

  CHUANGXINSHENGTAIBUCHANGDESHICHANGHUASHOUDUAN。TONGGUOJINRONGGONGJUSHELISHUIJIJIN,TUIDONGPAIWUQUAN、TANPAIFANGQUANJIAOYISHICHANGFAZHAN,DADAOJIANPAIYOUSHOUYIDEMUDE。GENJUKUALIUYUSHENGTAIBUCHANGYOUJIAKEXUN、YOUJUKEYI,ANZHAO“SHEISHOUYISHEIBUCHANG”DEYUANZE,TANSUOJIANLIKELIANGHUAKEJISUANDESHANGXIAYOUSHENGTAIBAOHUBUCHANGBANFAHEBIAOZHUN,CHONGFENDIAODONGGEFANGMIANJIAQIANGSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUDEJIJIXING,WEIJIANLIJIANQUANKUAQUYU“GONGZHUADABAOHU”JIZHITANSUOJINGYAN。

滚球体育  XUANZHUNZUOYOUYUSHENGTAIZIYUANXIANGDEYIZHANGDELVSECHANYE。TUIJINSHENGTAICHANYEHUA、CHANYESHENGTAIHUA,BATUIDONGSHENGTAICHANPINJIAZHISHIXIANYUSHENGCHANLIBUJU、BAOHU、GAISHANXIANGJIEHE,SHIXIANSHENGCHANHESHENGTAIDELIANGXINGXUNHUAN。

  (ZUOZHE: LIHONGWEI,XIZHONGYANGDANGXIAO〔GUOJIAXINGZHENGXUEYUAN〕XIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGYANJIUZHONGXINYANJIUYUAN、SHEHUIHESHENGTAIWENMINGJIAOYANBUJIAOSHOU)

(责编: 毕阳)

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