滚球体育

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“两大奇迹”的制度解码

2019-01-07
07 2020-01

09:27

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 许宝健 石 伟

滚球体育  DANGDESHIJIUJIESIZHONGQUANHUISHENYITONGGUODE《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUJIANCHIHEWANSHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU、TUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUARUOGANZHONGDAWENTIDEJUEDING》ZHICHU: “XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIQISHINIANLAI,GUNQIUTIYUDANGLINGDAORENMINCHUANGZAOLESHISUOHANJIANDEJINGJIKUAISUFAZHANQIJIHESHEHUIZHANGQIWENDINGQIJI,ZHONGHUAMINZUYINGLAILECONGZHANQILAI、FUQILAIDAOQIANGQILAIDEWEIDAFEIYUE。”CONGGENGSHENCENGCISHANGKAN,SHISUOHANJIANDEJINGJIKUAISUFAZHANQIJIHESHEHUIZHANGQIWENDINGQIJI,JUEBUSHISUISUIBIANBIANJIUNENGDELAIDE,QIBEIHOUYUNHANZHESHENKEDEZHIDUBEIJINGHEZHIDUYIJU。GUIJIEQILAI,“LIANGDAQIJI”ZHISUOYINENGGOUCHENGZHIWEIQIJI,SHIJIYUDUIZONGXIANGDELISHIBIJIAOHEHENGXIANGDEGUOJIBIJIAOZUOCHUDEZHONGDAPANDUAN;“LIANGDAQIJI”ZHISUOYINENGGOUBEICHUANGZAOCHULAI,SHIGUNQIUTIYUGUOGUOJIAZHIDUHEGUOJIAZHILITIXIXIANZHUYOUSHICHONGFENFAHUIDEBIRANJIEGUO;“LIANGDAQIJI”ZHISUOYINENGGOUJIXUBAOYOUGUANGMINGQIANJING,SHIGUNQIUTIYUDANGJIANDINGZHIDUZIXIN,BUDUANTUIDONGGUNQIUTIYUGUOZHIDUYOUSHIGENGHAOZHUANHUAWEIGUOJIAZHILIXIAONENGDEYINGYOUZHIYI。

  深刻认识作出“两大奇迹”这个重大判断的基本依据

滚球体育  QIJI,SHIZHIJINANZUODAODE、BUTONGXUNCHANGDESHIQING。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,DANGDAILINGRENMINBUDUANTANSUOSHEHUIZHUYIDAOLU,JIANLIHEWANSHANSHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU,QUDEJINGJI、ZHENGZHI、WENHUA、SHEHUIDENGYIXILIEZHONGDACHENGJIU,ZONGHEGUOLIDAFUTISHENG,GUOJIYINGXIANGLIDAFUTISHENG,ZHONGHUAMINZUYINGLAILECONGZHANQILAI、FUQILAIDAOQIANGQILAIDEWEIDAFEIYUE。DANGDESHIJIUJIESIZHONGQUANHUIJIANG70NIANLAIDEWEIDACHENGJIUGAIKUOWEI“LIANGDAQIJI”,JI“SHISUOHANJIANDEJINGJIKUAISUFAZHANQIJIHESHEHUIZHANGQIWENDINGQIJI”。“LIANGDAQIJI”ZHISUOYINENGGOUCHENGZHIWEIQIJI,SHIJIYUDUIZONGXIANGDELISHIBIJIAOHEHENGXIANGDEGUOJIBIJIAOZUOCHUDEZHONGDAPANDUAN。

  CONGZONGXIANGDELISHIBIJIAOKAN,XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANTEBIESHIGAIGEKAIFANGXINSHIQIHEDANGDESHIBADAYILAI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJISHIXIANLEKUAISUFAZHAN,SHEHUISHIXIANLEZHANGQIWENDING。YIFANGMIAN,GUNQIUTIYUGUODESHEHUISHENGCHANLIDEDAOJIDAJIEFANGHEFAZHAN。1952NIANZHI2018NIAN,GUNQIUTIYUGUOGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHICONG679.1YIYUANYUESHENGZHI90.03WANYIYUAN,SHIJIZENGZHANG174BEI;RENJUNGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHICONG119YUANTIGAODAO6.46WANYUAN,SHIJIZENGZHANG70BEI。2018NIANQUANGUOTIELUYINGYELICHENGDA13.2WANGONGLI,BI1949NIANZENGZHANG5BEI;GONGLULICHENGDA485WANGONGLI,BI1949NIANZENGZHANG59BEI;NENGYUANSHENGCHANZONGLIANGDA37.7YIDUNBIAOZHUNMEI,BI1949NIANZENGZHANG157.8BEI。ZHEIYIZUZUSHUZIXIONGBIANDIZHENGMING,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIZONGLIANGDAFUYUESHENG,CHANYEJIEGOUBUDUANYOUHUASHENGJI,JICHUSHESHIGUNQIUTIYUCHENGJIUFEIRAN,CHENGXIANGHEQUYUXIEDIAOFAZHANCHENGXIANXINGEJU,DUIWAIKAIFANGCHENGXIAOTUCHU,CONGYIGEYIQIONGERBAIDEGUOJIABIANCHENGSHIJIESHANGDIERDAJINGJITI,JINGJISHILIXIANZHUZENGQIANG,FASHENGLEFANTIANFUDIDEDABIANHUA。LINGYIFANGMIAN,GUNQIUTIYUGUOCHIXUBAOCHILEGUOJIAZHENGZHIHESHEHUIDAJUWENDING。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,GUNQIUTIYUJIJINGLILEJUDADEJINGJISHEHUIBIANQIAN,YEJINGSHOULEBUSHAOZHONGDAKAOYAN,BIRUKANGMEIYUANCHAOZHANZHENG、SANNIANKUNNANSHIQI、1997NIANYAZHOUJINRONGWEIJI、1998NIANTEDAHONGZAI、2003NIANFEIDIANZHONGDAYIQING、2008NIANSICHUANWENCHUANTEDADIZHENHEGUOJIJINRONGWEIJIDENGZHONGDAKAOYAN。ZAIDANGZHONGYANGJIANQIANGLINGDAOXIA,YIKAOQUANGUOGEZURENMINGONGTONGNULIFENDOU,GUNQIUTIYUDANGHEGUOJIABUDANSHENGLIDUGUOLEYIXILIENANGUAN,ERQIEYOULIGONGGULERENMINZHENGQUAN、CHIXUBAOCHILEGUOJIAZHENGZHIHESHEHUIDAJUWENDING,BINGQUDEGEMING、GUNQIUTIYU、GAIGEDEYIXILIEZHONGDACHENGJIU。

滚球体育  CONGHENGXIANGDEGUOJIBIJIAOKAN,XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANTEBIESHIGAIGEKAIFANGXINSHIQIHEDANGDESHIBADAYILAI,“ZHONGGUOZHIZHI”YU“XIFANGZHILUAN”CHANSHENGLEJIWEIXIANMINGDEDUIBI。YIFANGMIAN,ZHONGGUOYONGJISHINIANSHIJIANZOUWANLEXIFANGFADAGUOJIAJIBAINIANZOUGUODEGONGYEHUALICHENG,MUQIANJINGJIZONGLIANGYIWENJUSHIJIEDIER,BINGCHENGWEISHIJIEDIYIZHIZAOYEDAGUO、DIYIDAHUOWUMAOYIGUO、DIYIDAWAIHUICHUBEIGUO、DIERDAWAIGUOZHIJIETOUZIMUDEDIGUOHELAIYUANGUO。GAIGEKAIFANG40DUONIANLAI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIZENGZHANGDUISHIJIEJINGJIZENGZHANGDENIANJUNGONGXIANLVDA18%ZUOYOU,JINJINIANLAIGAODA30%ZUOYOU,CHENGWEISHIJIEJINGJIZENGZHANGDEDIYIYINQING,ZHONGGUOJINGJIKUAISUFAZHANDECHENGJIULINGSHIJIESHANGBUSHAOGUOJIAXIANMU。LINGYIFANGMIAN,TONGSHIJIESHANGYIXIEGUOJIAPINXIANZHENGZHIDONGDANG、ZHENGQUANGENGDIE、SHEHUIFENLIE、BAOLIMANYAN、QIANGJIBUDUANDENGXIANXIANGBUTONG,ZHONGGUOZHEIBIANFENGJINGDUHAO,SHEHUIDAJUBAOCHIZHANGQIWENDING,CHENGWEISHIJIESHANGZUIYOUANQUANGANDEGUOJIAZHIYI,DAOCHUCHENGXIANYIPAIZHENGZHIWENDING、JINGJIFAZHAN、WENHUAFANRONG、MINZUTUANJIE、RENMINXINGFU、SHEHUIANNINGDEJINGXIANG。CONGSHIJIEFANWEILAIKAN,YIGEGUOJIAHESHEHUIZAIYIDINGSHIQINEIJINGJIKUAISUFAZHAN、SHEHUIBAOCHIWENDINGBINGBUSHAOJIAN,DANXIANGZHONGGUOZHEIYANGZAIZHANGSHIJIANKUADUNEIJINGJIKUAISUFAZHAN、SHEHUIBAOCHIWENDINGDEQINGKUANGZESHISUOHANJIAN。

  深入把握创造“两大奇迹”的制度必然

滚球体育  BIRANXINGSHIZHIZAISHIWUFAZHANZHONGYIDINGRUCIDEQUSHI,SHIYOUSHIWUNEIBUDEGENBENMAODUNJUEDINGDE,DUISHIWUDEFAZHANQIJUEDINGZUOYONG。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANLAI,SHISUOHANJIANDEJINGJIKUAISUFAZHANQIJIHESHEHUIZHANGQIWENDINGQIJIDECHUANGZAO,YUANYINSHIDUOFANGMIANDE,TIAOJIANYESHIDUOFANGMIANDE。DANCONGGENGSHENCENGCILAIJIANG,“LIANGDAQIJI”DECHUANGZAO,SHIYIZHONGLISHIDEBIRAN,GENGSHIYIZHONGZHIDUDEBIRAN。

滚球体育  ZHIDUWENTISHIDAIYOUGENBENXING、QUANJUXING、WENDINGXING、ZHANGQIXINGDEWENTI。ZAIGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUAJINCHENGZHONG,ZHIDUCENGMIANDEYAOSUSHIZUIGENBENDE。ZHIDUYOUSHISHIYIGEGUOJIADEZUIDAYOUSHI,ZHIDUJINGZHENGSHIGUOJIAJIANZUIGENBENDEJINGZHENG。ZHIDUWENZEGUOJIAWEN,ZHIDUQIANGZEGUOJIAQIANG。ZAIMOUZHONGYIYISHANGJIANG,WEIYOUJUBEIZHIDUYOUSHI,YIGEGUOJIACAIKENENGQUEBAOJINGJIKUAISUFAZHANHESHEHUIZHANGQIWENDING。YINCI,XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANLAI“LIANGDAQIJI”DECHUANGZAO,GUIGENJIEDISHIYUANYUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUHEGUOJIAZHILITIXIDEQIANGDASHENGMINGLIHEJUDAYOUYUEXING。

滚球体育  ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUHEGUOJIAZHILITIXISHIMAKESIZHUYIJIBENYUANLITONGZHONGGUOJUTISHIJIXIANGJIEHEDECHANWU,SHIGUNQIUTIYUDANGTUANJIEDAILINGQUANGUOGEZURENMINSHENKEZONGJIEGUONEIWAIZHENGFANLIANGFANGMIANJINGYAN,BUDUANTANSUOSHIJIAN、BUDUANGAIGECHUANGXINDECHANWU。SHIYUEGEMINGYISHENGPAOXIANG,JIZHONGGUOSONGLAILEMAKESILIENINGZHUYI。1921NIAN,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZAIMAKESILIENINGZHUYITONGZHONGGUOGONGRENYUNDONGDEJIEHEGUOCHENGZHONGYINGYUNERSHENG。CONGCI,ZHONGGUORENMINMOUQIUMINZUDULI、RENMINJIEFANGHEGUOJIAFUQIANG、RENMINXINGFUDEDOUZHENGJIUYOULEZHUXINGU,ZHONGGUORENMINJIUCONGJINGSHENSHANGYOUBEIDONGZHUANWEIZHUDONG。ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUHEGUOJIAZHILITIXISHIGUNQIUTIYUDANGZAILINGDAOZHONGGUORENMINJINXING90DUONIANDEWEIDASHEHUIGEMING、JINXING70NIANDEXINZHONGGUOGUNQIUTIYU、JINXING40DUONIANDEGAIGEKAIFANGDEWEIDASHIJIANZHONGXINGCHENGDE。SHIJIANZHENGMING,ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUHEGUOJIAZHILITIXISHIYIMAKESIZHUYIWEIZHIDAO、ZHIGENZHONGGUODADI、JUYOUSHENHOUZHONGHUAWENHUAGENJI、SHENDERENMINYONGHUDEZHIDUHEZHILITIXI,SHIJUYOUQIANGDASHENGMINGLIHEJUDAYOUYUEXINGDEZHIDUHEZHILITIXI,SHINENGGOUCHIXUTUIDONGYONGYOUJIN14YIRENKOUDAGUOJINBUHEFAZHAN、QUEBAOYONGYOU5000DUONIANWENMINGSHIDEZHONGHUAMINZUSHIXIAN“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAOJINERSHIXIANWEIDAFUXINGDEZHIDUHEZHILITIXI。

滚球体育  DANGDESHIJIUJIESIZHONGQUANHUIJIANGGUNQIUTIYUGUOGUOJIAZHIDUHEGUOJIAZHILITIXISUOJUYOUDEXIANZHUYOUSHIGUINAWEI“JIANCHIDANGDEJIZHONGTONGYILINGDAO,JIANCHIDANGDEKEXUELILUN,BAOCHIZHENGZHIWENDING,QUEBAOGUOJIASHIZHONGYANZHESHEHUIZHUYIFANGXIANGQIANJINDEXIANZHUYOUSHI”DENG13GEFANGMIAN。ZHEI13GEFANGMIANDEXIANZHUYOUSHICONGJIANCHIDANGDELINGDAO、RENMINDANGJIAZUOZHU、YIFAZHIGUOYOUJITONGYIQIERU,CONGGAIGEFAZHANWENDING、NEIZHENGWAIJIAOGUOFANG、ZHIDANGZHIGUOZHIJUNDENGFANGMIANZHANKAI,SHI“ZHONGGUOZHIZHI”ZHIDUMIMASUOZAI,SHIGUNQIUTIYUJIANDINGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLUZIXIN、LILUNZIXIN、ZHIDUZIXIN、WENHUAZIXINDEJIBENYIJU。YEZHENGSHIYOUYUJUBEI13GEFANGMIANDEXIANZHUYOUSHI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOGUOJIAZHIDUHEGUOJIAZHILITIXISHIYITAOXINGDETONG、ZHENGUANYONG、YOUXIAOLVDEZHIDUHEZHILITIXI,SHISUOHANJIANDEJINGJIKUAISUFAZHANQIJIHESHEHUIZHANGQIWENDINGQIJIDECHUANGZAOCAISHIYIZHONGBIRAN。

  把滚球体育国制度优势更好转化为国家治理效能

滚球体育  2018NIAN10YUE,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAIGUANGDONGKAOCHASHIQIANGDIAO,“DANGDESHIBADAHOUGUNQIUTIYUKAOCHADIAOYANDEDIYIZHANJIUSHISHENZHEN,GAIGEKAIFANG40ZHOUNIANZHIJIZAILAIZHEILI,JIUSHIYAOXIANGSHIJIEXUANSHIZHONGGUOGAIGEBUTINGDUN、KAIFANGBUZHIBU,ZHONGGUOYIDINGHUIYOURANGSHIJIEGUAMUXIANGKANDEXINDEGENGDAQIJI”。

  ZAIGAIGEKAIFANG40DUONIANLICHENGZHONG,DANGDESHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUISHIHUASHIDAIDE,KAIQILEGAIGEKAIFANGHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAGUNQIUTIYULISHIXINSHIQI;DANGDESHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUIYESHIHUASHIDAIDE,KAIQILEQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGE、XITONGZHENGTISHEJITUIJINGAIGEDEXINSHIDAI,KAICHUANGLEGUNQIUTIYUGUOGAIGEKAIFANGDEXINJUMIAN。DANGDESHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUITUICHU336XIANGZHONGDAGAIGEJUCUO。JINGGUOWUNIANDUODENULI,ZHONGYAOLINGYUHEGUANJIANHUANJIEGAIGECHENGXIAOXIANZHU,ZHUYAOLINGYUJICHUXINGZHIDUTIXIJIBENXINGCHENG,WEITUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUADAXIALEJIANSHIJICHU。

  TONGSHI,BIXUYAOKANDAO,ZHEIXIEGAIGEJUCUOYOUDESHANGWEIWANCHENG,YOUDESHENZHIXUYAOXIANGDANGZHANGDESHIJIANQULUOSHI。GUNQIUTIYUYIJINGKENXIALEBUSHAOYINGGUTOU,DANHAIYOUXUDUOYINGGUTOUYAOKEN;GUNQIUTIYUGONGKELEBUSHAONANGUAN,DANHAIYOUXUDUONANGUANYAOGONGKE。YINCIGUNQIUTIYUJUEBUNENGTINGXIAJIAOBU,JUEBUNENGYOUSONGKOUQI、XIEXIEJIAODEXIANGFA。GUNQIUTIYUXIANZAISUOCHUDE,SHIYIGECHUANDAOZHONGLIULANGGENGJI、RENDAOBANSHANLUGENGDOUDESHIHOU,SHIYIGEYUJINYUNAN、YUJINYUXIANERYOUBUJINZETUI、FEIJINBUKEDESHIHOU。GAIGEKAIFANGYIZOUGUOQIANSHANWANSHUI,DANRENGXUBASHANSHESHUI,BAIZAIQUANDANGQUANGUOGEZURENMINMIANQIANDESHIMINGGENGGUANGRONG、RENWUGENGJIANJU、TIAOZHANGENGYANJUN、GONGZUOGENGWEIDA。

滚球体育  XIANGBIGUOQU,XINSHIDAIGAIGEKAIFANGJUYOUXINDENEIHANHETEDIAN,QIZHONGHENZHONGYAODEYIDIANJIUSHIZHIDUGUNQIUTIYUFENLIANGGENGZHONG,GAIGEGENGDUOMIANDUIDESHISHENCENGCITIZHIJIZHIWENTI,DUIGAIGEDINGCENGSHEJIDEYAOQIUGENGGAO,DUIGAIGEDEXITONGXING、ZHENGTIXING、XIETONGXINGYAOQIUGENGQIANG,XIANGYINGDIJIANZHANGLIZHI、GOUJIANTIXIDERENWUGENGZHONG。XINSHIDAIMOUHUAQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGE,BIXUYIJIANCHIHEWANSHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU、TUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUAWEIZHUZHOU,SHENKEBAWOGUNQIUTIYUGUOFAZHANYAOQIUHESHIDAICHAOLIU,BAZHIDUGUNQIUTIYUHEZHILINENGLIGUNQIUTIYUBAIDAOGENGJIATUCHUDEWEIZHI,JIXUSHENHUAGELINGYUGEFANGMIANTIZHIJIZHIGAIGE,TUIDONGGEFANGMIANZHIDUGENGJIACHENGSHUGENGJIADINGXING,TUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUA。

  DANGDESHIJIUJIESIZHONGQUANHUIMINGQUELEJIANCHIHEWANSHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU、TUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUADEZONGTIMUBIAO,TICHULE13GEFANGMIANDEZHONGYAORENWU。GUNQIUTIYUBIXUJIANCHIYIXIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,ZENGQIANG“SIGEYISHI”,JIANDING“SIGEZIXIN”,ZUODAO“LIANGGEWEIHU”,JIANCHIDANGDELINGDAO、RENMINDANGJIAZUOZHU、YIFAZHIGUOYOUJITONGYI,JIANCHIJIEFANGSIXIANG、SHISHIQIUSHI,JIANCHIGAIGECHUANGXIN,TUCHUJIANCHIHEWANSHANZHICHENGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUDEGENBENZHIDU、JIBENZHIDU、ZHONGYAOZHIDU,ZHELIGUGENJI、YANGYOUSHI、BUDUANBAN、QIANGRUOXIANG,GOUJIANXITONGWANBEI、KEXUEGUIFAN、YUNXINGYOUXIAODEZHIDUTIXI,JIAQIANGXITONGZHILI、YIFAZHILI、ZONGHEZHILI、YUANTOUZHILI,BAGUNQIUTIYUGUOZHIDUYOUSHIGENGHAOZHUANHUAWEIGUOJIAZHILIXIAONENG。

  1949NIAN3YUE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGLIKAIXIBOPOQIANWANGBEIPINGSHIMAOZEDONGTONGZHISHUO: “JINTIANSHIJINJINGGANKAODERIZI。”2019NIAN9YUE,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAISHICHABEIJINGXIANGSHANGEMINGJINIANDISHIZHICHU: “YI‘GANKAO’DEQINGXINGHEJIANDINGDAHAOXINSHIDAIDEDAJUAN。”ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSHIYONGYUCHUANGZAOQIJIDEZHENGDANG。ZAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDEJIANQIANGLINGDAOXIA,ZHONGGUOYIDINGHUIBUDUANCHUANGZAOCHURANGSHIJIEGUAMUXIANGKANDEXINDEGENGDAQIJI。

  〔ZUOZHEXIZHONGYANGDANGXIAO(GUOJIAXINGZHENGXUEYUAN)XIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGYANJIUZHONGXINTEYUEYANJIUYUAN〕

(责编: 毕阳)

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