滚球体育

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振兴乡村产业要以农民为主体

2018-10-14
14 2019-10

09:49

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 王东京

滚球体育  XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAIDANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGTICHU“SHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE”。BENWENJIANGWEIRAOXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHONGDIANTAOLUNSANGEWENTI: YISHIZHONGYANGWEIHETICHUXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE?ERSHI“SANBIAN”GAIGEDUITUIDONGXIANGCUNCHANYEZHENXINGYIYIHEZAI?SANSHIZHENXINGXIANGCUNCHANYERUHEJIANCHIYINONGMINWEIZHUTI?ZAIZHEILIGUNQIUTIYUTANYIXIESIKAO。

  从土地承包到乡村振兴

滚球体育  RANGGUNQIUTIYUXIANCONGWENTIQIERU: JISHINIANQIANZHONGYANGWEIHEWEITIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE?ERQIE10NIANQIANYEWEITI?GUNQIUTIYUDEKANFASHINEISHIHAIBUDAOZHENXINGXIANGCUNDESHIJI。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,JIEJUE“SANNONG”WENTIXUYAOGONGYEHUAHECHENGSHIHUADAIDONG。GAIGEKAIFANGZHICHU,GUNQIUTIYUGUOYOU8YIRENKOUZAINONGCUN,NONGMINRENJUNGENGDIHENSHAO。ZAIZHEIZHONGDIANXINGDEERYUANJINGJIBEIJINGXIA,RUGUOBUTONGGUOGONGYEHUAHECHENGSHIHUAJIANGBUFENNONGMINZHUANYIJINCHENGSHI,NONGMINZENKENENGZHIFUNI?

滚球体育  JINGJIFAZHANYOUJIEDUAN,DANGRANJIUYAOZUNZHONGFAZHANJIEDUANDEGUILV。300DUONIANQIAN,WEILIAN·PEIDIZAIYANJIUDANGSHIYINGGUONONGMIN、GONGRENYUCHUANYUANSHOURUHOUFAXIAN: LUNCONGYESHOURU,CONGSHINONGYEBURUCONGSHIGONGYE,CONGSHIGONGYEBURUCONGSHISHANGYE。SHANGSHIJI40NIANDAIKELAKEDUIPEIDIZHEIYIFAXIANZUOLEYANZHENG,BINGTICHULE“PEIDI-KELAKEDINGLI”。HOULAILIUYISITICHU“CHENGXIANGERYUANJINGJIMOXING”YEDECHUJIELUNSHUO: GONGYEHUACHUQINONGCUNLAODONGLIJIANGHUILIUXIANGCHENGSHI。

滚球体育  ZHONGGUOZHEIXIENIANDEFAZHANJINGYAN,WANQUANYINZHENGLESHANGMIANDETUIDUAN。SHUJUXIANSHI,MUQIANGUNQIUTIYUGUONONGCUNCHANGZHURENKOUWEI5.6YI。ZHEISHISHUO,GUOQU8YINONGCUNRENKOUZHONG,YIYOU2YIDUOZHUANYIJINLECHENGSHI,ERQIEZHEI2YIDUORENKOUDOUSHIQINGZHUANGLAODONGLI。XIANGWENDUZHE,DANGYIGEGUOJIANONGCUNLAODONGLIDAGUIMOLIUXIANGCHENGSHIDESHIHOU,NIJUEDEYOUKENENGZHENXINGXIANGCUNME?

  YIQIANBUTI“XIANGCUNZHENXING”ERXIANZAIKEYITI,YUANYINSHIZHONGGUOGONGYEHUAYIJINRUDAOZHONGHOUQI,NONGCUNLAODONGLILIUXIANGYIKAISHIFASHENGGAIBIAN。2008NIANSHIGEJIEDIAN。SHOUGUOJIJINRONGWEIJIDEYINGXIANG,DANGNIANYOU2000WANNONGMINGONGXIAGANGFANXIANG。ERJUYOUGUANDIAOYANBAOGAOCHENG,ZHEI2000WANRENHOULAIDADUOLIUZAINONGCUNJIUYECHUANGYE,BINGMEIYOUZAIJINCHENGSHI。ZHEIYUSHIZHENONGCUNLAODONGLIXIANGCHENGSHILIUDONGYIJINGLINJIN“LIUYISIGUAIDIAN”。

滚球体育  CONGGUOJIJINGYANKAN,DANGYIGEGUOJIACHENGSHIHUALVCHAOGUO50%,ZIBEN、JISHU、GUANLIDENGYAOSUJIUHUIZHUANXIANGNONGYEBUMENLIUDONG。GUNQIUTIYUKANDAODEZILIAO,SHANGSHIJI50NIANDAIMEIGUOJIUCHUXIANLEZHEIZHONGXIANXIANG;SHANGSHIJI70NIANDAI,OUZHOUGONGYEHUAGUOJIAYIJIRIBEN、ELUOSIDENGGUOYEXIANGJICHUXIANZHEIZHONGQUSHI。2010NIAN,GUNQIUTIYUGUODECHENGZHENHUALVYIJIEJIN50%,2016NIANDIYIDA57.4%,YOUCIKEJIAN,XIANZAISHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVESHIFENGQISHI。

滚球体育  YISHANGSHUODESHIZHANLVEBEIJING,XIAMIANZAIFENXISHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEJIUJINGYOUHESHENYI。

  GUANYUSHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE,DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOTICHULE20ZIDEZONGYAOQIU: “CHANYEXINGWANG、SHENGTAIYIJU、XIANGFENGWENMING、ZHILIYOUXIAO、SHENGHUOFUYU。”WEICI,ZHONGYANGYOUTICHULESIDAPEITAOJUCUO: SHENHUANONGCUNTUDIZHIDUGAIGE,BAOCHITUDICHENGBAOGUANXIWENDINGBINGZHANGJIUBUBIAN;SHENHUANONGCUNJITICHANQUANZHIDUGAIGE,BAOZHANGNONGMINCAICHANQUANYI;GOUJIANXIANDAINONGYEJINGYINGTIXI,PEIYUXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTI;JIAQIANGNONGCUNJICENGJICHUGONGZUO,JIANQUANXIANGCUNZHILITIXI。

滚球体育  XUYAOZHICHUDESHI,DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOTICHUDEJUCUOYUZHIQIANWENJIANTICHUDEJUCUOSUIXIANGTONG,DANHANYIQUEBUJINXIANGTONG。BIRU,BAOCHITUDICHENGBAOGUANXIZHANGJIUBUBIAN、BAOZHANGNONGMINCAICHANQUANYI、PEIYUXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTIDENG,ZHONGYANGYIQIANZHUYAOSHIDUINONGMINJIANG,SHIJINONGMINCHIDINGXINWAN;ERDANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGSHEN,CHULESHIDUINONGMINJIANG,TONGSHIYESHIDUICHENGSHIDEQIYEJIAJIANG,MUDESHIGULIQIYEJIATOUZINONGYE,DADANXISHOUNONGMINCHENGBAODIRUGU,CHENGWEIXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTI。

  JUCIFENXI,GUNQIUTIYUBIANKECONGLIANGGEJIAODULIJIEXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEDESHENYI。CONGJINQIKAN,JIEJUE“SANNONG”WENTISHISHIXIANQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIMUBIAODEGUANJIANSUOZAI,JUESHENGQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIDANGRANXUYAOZHENXINGXIANGCUN。CONGZHANGYUANKAN,SHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEYOULIYUYINDAO、ZHICHICHENGSHIZIBENXIAXIANG,TUIJINNONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUA;BINGTONGGUOZHENXINGXIANDAINONGYEQUEBAOGUOJIALIANGSHIANQUAN。HOUYIDIANYOUWEIZHONGYAO,ZHONGGUOSHIQUANQIUDIYIRENKOUDAGUO,RUGUOZHONGGUORENDEFANWANBUNENGLAOLAODUANZAIZIJISHOUZHONG,HOUGUOJIANGBUKANSHEXIANG。

  “三变”改革与振兴乡村产业

  SUOWEI“SANBIAN”GAIGE,JUTIJIANGSHI“ZIYUANBIANZICHAN、ZIJINBIANGUJIN、NONGMINBIANGUDONG”。GUNQIUTIYUCENGFU“SANBIAN”GAIGEFAYUANDIGUIZHOULIUPANSHUIZUOGUODIAOYAN,CONGZHONGSHANDAOSHUICHENGZAIDAOPANZHOU,NONGMINTANQI“SANBIAN”TOUTOUSHIDAO。RENMENYONGHUGAIGE,YIDINGSHIGAIGENENGJITAMENDAILAISHIHUI。DANYINGGAIZHUIWENDESHI,“SANBIAN”GAIGEWEIHENENGRANGNONGMINSHOURURUCIBANZENGZHANG?CONGXUELICENGMIANKAN,“SANBIAN”GAIGEDEHEXINYAOYI,GUNQIUTIYURENWEISHIZENGJIANONGMINDEZICHANXINGSHOURU。

  GUNQIUTIYUDESIKAOSHIZHEIYANG: GUWANGJINLAI,NONGMINYIZHISHIDISHOURUQUNTI。NONGMINSHOURUDIBINGFEINONGMINBUQINLAO,ERSHINONGMINMEIYOUZICHAN。BIRU,JIUZHONGGUODEDIZHUBINONGMINFU,JUEBUSHIDIZHUBINONGMINQINLAO,ERSHITAMENYONGYOUTUDI,KEQUDEZICHANXINGSHOURU。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,JINGJIXUEJIANGFENPEI,SHIANSHENGCHANYAOSUDEGONGXIANFENPEI;ERYAOSUSUOYOUZHECANYUFENPEIDEBILI,ZEQUJUEYUBUTONGYAOSUDEXIQUEDU。ZHEISHISHUO,SHEIZHANGWODESHENGCHANYAOSUXIQUE,SUOZHANDEFENPEIBILIJIUYUEDA。

  WENTIJIUZAIZHEILI。TUDIYULAODONGLIXIANGBI,YOUYUTUDIGONGJIBUNENGZENGJIA,ERRENKOUQUEBUDUANZENGZHANG。BIJIAOERYAN,TUDIHUIXIANDEXIQUE。ZHEIYANG,DIZHUDEZICHANXING(TUDI)SHOURUDANGRANHUIGAOYUDIANNONGDELAODONGSHOURU。YOUCIKEYITUICHU: YIGERENRUOYONGYOUZICHAN,BULUNZICHANSHISHENME,ZHIYAOGAIZICHANDEGONGYINGBILAODONGLIXIQUE,ZEZICHANXINGSHOURUJIEHUIGAOYULAODONGSHOURU。

滚球体育  QIANMIANGUNQIUTIYUSHUO,“SANBIAN”GAIGEDEHEXINYAOYISHIZENGJIANONGMINZICHANXINGSHOURU。ERYAOZENGJIANONGMINZICHANXINGSHOURU,QIANTIJIUDERANGNONGMINYOUZICHAN。CONGZHEIGEJIAODUKAN,GUNQIUTIYUJIUBUNANLIJIEZHENGFUWEIHEYAOTUIDONG“ZIYUANBIANZICHAN”LE。QIYONGYIHENMINGXIAN,JIANGZIYUANBIANZICHANBUJINKEPANHUONONGCUNDEXIANZHIZIYUAN,GENGZHONGYAODESHI,ZHIYOUJIANGZICHANQUEQUANJINONGMIN,ZICHANCAINENGBIANGUJIN,NONGMINCAINENGBIANGUDONG。

滚球体育  RANERZHEIZHISHINONGMINZENGSHOUDEQIANTI。RANGNONGMINYOUZICHAN,BINGBUDENGYUYOUZICHANXINGSHOURU,YOUZICHANYUYOUZICHANXINGSHOURUSHILIANGHUISHI。JUGELIZI,NITOUZI1000WANYUANBANCHANG,YINIANXIALAIRUOLIRUNWEILING,NEIMENIDEZICHANXINGSHOURUJIUSHILING。TONGYANGDAOLI,JIBIANNONGMINYOUZICHAN,DANRUGUOZICHANBUZENGZHI,TONGYANGYEBUHUIYOUZICHANXINGSHOURU。SUOYIGUNQIUTIYUDEDIERGETUILUNSHI: YAORANGNONGMINYOUZICHANXINGSHOURU,HAIDERANGNONGMINDEZICHANZENGZHI。

滚球体育  ZICHANZENGZHITONGSUDIJIANG,JIUSHIRANGZICHANZHANGJIA。ZICHANZENYANGCAINENGZHANGJIANI?JINGJIXUESHUO: ZICHANJIAGESHIRENMENDUIGAIZICHANYUQISHOURUDETIEXIAN。YONGGONGSHIBIAOSHI: ZICHANJIAGE=ZICHANYUQINIANSHOURU/YINXINGNIANLILV。YOUYULILVXIANGDUIWENDING,ZICHANJIAGESHIJIJUEDINGYUZICHANDEYUQISHOURU。YINGXIANGZICHANSHOURUYUQIDEYINSUHENDUO,ERZUIZHONGYAODEJIULIANGGE: YISHIZICHANDEXIQUEDU;ERSHIZICHANDEDANGQILIRUN。WUYIXIWEIGUI。GONGYINGXIQUEDEZICHAN,SHOURUYUQIDANGRANKANZHANG;ERZICHANDANGQILIRUN,YEHUIYINGXIANGRENMENDUIWEILAISHOURUDEPANDUAN。

  GUIZHOULIUPANSHUIDENGDIDEJINGYANZHENGMING,ZHENGFUYI“PINGTAIGONGSI”WEIZHIDIAN,YONGPPPMOSHITOUZINONGCUNJICHUSHESHI,KEYITISHENGNONGMINZICHANDEXIQUEDU;ERTUIDONGGUIMOJINGYING,ZEKETIGAONONGMINZICHANDEDANGQISHOUYI。ZHEIYIGAIGERANGNONGCUN“CHENSHUI”DEZIYUANHUOQILAI,JIHUOLENONGCUNFAZHANDENEISHENGDONGLI。

  振兴乡村产业与富裕农民

  ZAOZAISHANGSHIJI90NIANDAICHU,DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHICENGYUYANNONGCUNFAZHANYOULIANGGEFEIYUE: DIYIGEFEIYUESHISHIXINGJIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOWEIZHUDEZERENZHI;DIERGEFEIYUESHIFAZHANSHIDUGUIMOJINGYING。JINTIANGEDITUDILIUZHUANFENGSHENGSHUIQI,YIYINZHENGDENGXIAOPINGDANGNIANDEDONGJIAN。WENTISHISHIXINGGUIMOJINGYING,TUDIYINGGAIXIANGSHEIJIZHONG?ZHONGYANGJIANGDEHENQINGCHU,ZHENXINGXIANGCUNZUIZHONGSHIYAOFUYUNONGMIN。ERYAOFUYUNONGMIN,TUDILIUZHUANJIUDEYINONGMINWEIZHUTI。

滚球体育  RANERJUGUNQIUTIYUGUANCHA,SHIXIAGENGDILIUZHUANDADUOSHIXIANGLONGTOUGONGSI(GONGSHANGQIYE)JIZHONG。HEYIRUCI?YIGEZHONGYAODEYUANYINSHINONGMINSHOULIQUEZIJIN,ERGUIMOJINGYINGXUYOUDALIANGDEZIBENTOURU。QIANBUJIUZAINANFANGNONGCUNDIAOYAN,GUNQIUTIYUKANDAODANGDINONGHUYIMEIMU300YUANZHI500YUANDEJIAGEJIANGGENGDIJINGYINGQUANZHUANRANGJILELONGTOUGONGSI,CENGWENDANGDIGANBU,NONGMINWEIHEYUANYIDIJIAZHUANRANG?DANGDIGANBUSHUO: NONGMINZIJIGAOBULEGUIMOJINGYING,RUOFENSANJINGYING,MEIMUNIANSHOURUCHABUDUOYESHIZHEIGESHU。

  ZHOURANTING,NONGMINZHAOCIJIAGEZHUANRANGTUDIJINGYINGQUANBINGWEICHIKUI,KEZHENSHIQINGKUANGBINGBUJINRAN。DIAOYANZHONGYIXIEDIFANGJICENGGANBUFANYINGSHUO,XIANZAITUIDONGGENGDILIUZHUANNANDUDA,BUSHAONONGHUBUYUANZHUANRANGGENGDI。WEIHEHUIYOUNONGMINBUYUANZHUANRANGTUDIJINGYINGQUAN?GUNQIUTIYUZUORUHUDIAOCHASHINONGMINSHUO,XIANZAIQIYEZHIFUDEGENGDILIUZHUANFEIMEIMUBUZU500YUAN,ERQIYEYONGLIUZHUANDETUDIGAOGUIMOJINGYING,MEIMUSHOUYIZAI5000YUANYISHANG,RUGUOGENGDIYOUNONGMINZIJIJIZHONG,ZAIQINGNONGYEJISHUZHUANJIADANGGUWEN,MEIMUNIANSHOUYIJUEDUIBUZHI500YUAN。HOULAIGUNQIUTIYUZAIHUNANJISHOUAIKOUCUNKANDAONONGMINZIJICHENGLILEHEZUOSHE,MEIMUSHOUYIQUESHIDADAOLE7000YUAN。

滚球体育  PINGXINERLUN,DIFANGZHENGFUDECHUZHONGSHIWEILEBANGZHUNONGMINZENGSHOU,KENONGMINBINGBUZHEIMEKAN。MUQIANDEKUNNANZAIYU,RUOYINONGMINWEIZHUTISHIXINGGUIMOJINGYING,GAIZAOJICHUSHESHITOUZIHEYINJINKEJIJIEXUYAOYIDINGZIJINTOURU,NONGMINZIJIMEIYOUQIANZENMEBAN?ERQIEZAIDIAOYANZHONGGUNQIUTIYUFAXIAN,DANFANYINONGMINWEIZHUTIGAOGUIMOJINGYINGDEDIQU,DOUSHIYONGTUDIJINGYINGQUANDIYACONGYINXINGQUDEDAIKUAN,KECIZUOFAMUQIANZHISHIZAISHAOSHUDIQUSHIDIAN,MIANSHANGBINGWEITUIKAI。WENTIJIUZAIZHEILI,TUDIJINGYINGQUANRUOBUYUNXUDIYARONGZI,NONGMINGAOGUIMOJINGYINGDEZIJINCONGHEERLAI?

滚球体育  GUANYUZHEIYIWENTI,DUONIANLAIGUNQIUTIYUYIZHIYOUYIHUO。YOURENJIESHI,BUYUNXUTUDIJINGYINGQUANDIYASHIDANXINNONGMINYIDANHAIBULEDAIKUANJIANGHUIDAOZHISHIDI。GUNQIUTIYURENWEIZHEIZHONGDANXINCHUNSHUQIRENYOUTIAN。SHISHISHANG,ZHENGZAITUIJINDE“SANQUANFENZHI”GAIGEYIJIANGNONGCUNTUDIJITISUOYOUQUAN、NONGHUCHENGBAOQUAN、TUDIJINGYINGQUANFENZHIBINGXING;SUOYOUQUANGUICUNJITI,CHENGBAOQUANHEJINGYINGQUANGUINONGHU。YAOZHIDAO,NONGMINDIYAJIYINXINGDEZHISHIJINGYINGQUAN,JIBIANRIHOUHAIBULEDAIKUAN,YINXINGCHUZHIDEYEZHISHIJINGYINGQUAN,NONGMINBINGWEISANGSHICHENGBAOQUAN。YOUCIXIANGSHENYICENG,NONGMINRUOJIANGTUDIJINGYINGQUANLIUZHUANJIGONGSHANGQIYE,YETONGYANGHUISHIQUJINGYINGQUAN。BUTONGDESHI,NONGMINJIANGGENGDILIUZHUANJIGONGSHANGQIYE,SHIZHENZHENGSHIQUJINGYINGQUAN;ERDIYAJIYINXING,ZHISHIYOUKENENGSHIQUJINGYINGQUAN。

  TUDIJINGYINGQUANNENGFOUDIYARONGZI,BIAOMIANSHANGKANSIHUGUANJIANZAIYINXING,QISHIBURAN。DANGQIANYINXINGGULVZHONGZHONG,YIFANGMIANSHIXIANXINGZHENGCEGUIDINGYINXINGCHUZHIGENGDIJINGYINGQUANBIXUZHENGDENONGMINTONGYI;LINGYIFANGMIANSHIMEIYOUQUANGUOXINGDEGENGDIJINGYINGQUANLIUZHUANSHICHANG,YINXINGNANYITONGGUOGEDIQUYUXINGLIUZHUANPINGTAIJISHIZHUANRANGGENGDIJINGYINGQUAN。WEICIGUNQIUTIYUTISANDIANJIANYI: YISHIXIUDINGXIANGGUANZHENGCEFAGUI,QUELITUDIJINGYINGQUANDIYADEHEFAXING;ERSHIJIANLIQUANGUOXINGGENGDIJINGYINGQUANLIUZHUANSHICHANG;SANSHIYOUCAIZHENGCHUZISHELIFENGXIANBUCHANGJIJIN,WEIJINRONGJIGOUSHIDUFENDANHUOHUANSHIDAIKUANFENGXIAN。

  〔ZUOZHEXIZHONGYANGDANGXIAO(GUOJIAXINGZHENGXUEYUAN)FUXIAOZHANG(FUYUANZHANG)、XIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGYANJIUZHONGXINFUZHUREN〕

(责编: 毕阳)

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