滚球体育

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一部感天动地的奋斗史诗

——从“伟大历程 辉煌成就”大型成就展看中国奇迹

2018-09-26
26 2019-09

07:18

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 丁茂战

  9YUE23RI,“WEIDALICHENG HUIHUANGCHENGJIU——QINGZHUZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOCHENGLI70ZHOUNIANDAXINGCHENGJIUZHAN”ZAIBEIJINGZHANLANGUANKAIMU。TONGGUOYIZHANGZHANGTUPIAN、YIDUANDUANSHIPIN、YIGEGEMOXINGDENGDUOZHONGSHOUDUANHEYUANSU,ZHANLANQUANMIANZHANSHILEXINZHONGGUO70NIANFAZHANQUDEDEHUIHUANGCHENGJIU。HUIWANGGUOQU,ZHONGGUOBUDUANCHUANGZAOQIJI、CHIXUYUESHENG;ZHANWANGWEILAI,ZHONGGUORENGJIANGPOLANGQIANXING、XINGWENZHIYUAN,WEISHIJIEDAILAIGENGWEIJINGCAIDEFAZHANGUSHI……

  从积贫积弱到全球性经济大国: 经济实力进入前列

  XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,GUNQIUTIYUJINYONGSANNIANSHIJIAN,JIUZHIYULEZHANZHENGDECHUANGSHANG,BAGUOMINJINGJIHUIFUDAOJIUZHONGGUOLISHISHANGDEZUIGAOSHUIPING。SHEHUIZHUYIGAIZAOHEGUNQIUTIYUSHIQI,GUNQIUTIYUZHUYAOYIKAOZIJIDELILIANGJIANLIQIDULIDEBIJIAOWANZHENGDEGONGYETIXIHEGUOMINJINGJITIXI。GAIGEKAIFANGHOU,GUNQIUTIYUJIANCHIYIJINGJIGUNQIUTIYUWEIZHONGXIN,JIANCHISIXIANGJIBENYUANZE,JIANCHIGAIGEKAIFANG,JINGJIGUNQIUTIYUBUDUANSHUXIE“ZHONGGUOQIJI”、CHUANGZAO“ZHONGGUOSUDU”。

滚球体育  JINTIANDEZHONGGUO,YICHENGZHANGWEISHIJIEDIYIDAGONGYEGUO、DIYIDAHUOWUMAOYIGUO、DIYIDAWAIHUICHUBEIGUO、DIERDAWAIZILIURUGUO,GUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHIBIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLICHUQIDE1952NIANZENGZHANG175BEI,DUOXIANGJINGJIZHIBIAOJUSHIJIESHOUWEI。YUCITONGSHI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJILILIANGJIYUEPENGPAI,GDPZHANSHIJIEJINGJIDEBIZHONGCONG1978NIANDE1.8%SHANGSHENGDAO2018NIANDEJIN16%。2006NIANYILAI,ZHONGGUODUISHIJIEJINGJIZENGZHANGDEGONGXIANLVWENJUSHIJIEDIYI,CHENGWEIDANGZHIWUKUIDEDIYIYINQING。

  ZHENGSHIGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJISHILI、ZONGHEGUOLIJINRUSHIJIEQIANLIE,TUIDONGGUNQIUTIYUGUOGUOJIDIWEIHEGUOJIYINGXIANGLISHIXIANLEQIANSUOWEIYOUDEDAFUTISHENG,JIDADIGAIBIANLEZHONGGUODEMIANMAO、ZHONGHUAMINZUDEMIANMAO、ZHONGGUORENMINDEMIANMAO。ZHEIYIWEIZHEJINDAIYILAIJIUJINGMONANDEZHONGHUAMINZUYINGLAILECONGZHANQILAI、FUQILAIDAOQIANGQILAIDEWEIDAFEIYUE,ZHONGGUORENMINYINGLAILECONGWENBAOBUZUDAOXIAOKANGFUYUDEWEIDAFEIYUE,ZHONGHUAMINZUZHENGYIZHANXINZITAIYILIYUSHIJIEDEDONGFANG。

  从落后的农业国到全球性工业大国: 产业结构更趋合理

  XINZHONGGUOCHENGLICHUQI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJIAKEWEIYIQIONGERBAI,YILIANGQICHE、YIJIAFEIJI、YILIANGTANKE、YILIANGTUOLAJIDOUBUNENGZAO。1949NIAN,ZHONGGUONONGYECHANYEZHANBIGAODA68.44%,SHIGELUOHOUDENONGYEGUO。70NIANLAI,GUNQIUTIYULAOLAOBAWOGONGYEHUAZHEITIAOZHUXIAN,YIZHIZAOYEWEIZHUDESHITIJINGJISHIXIANLETUFEIMENGJINDEFAZHAN,LIANXUCHAOYUEYIDALI、FAGUO、YINGGUO、DEGUOHERIBEN,BINGZAI2011NIANCHAOYUEMEIGUOCHENGWEISHIJIEDIYIZHIZAOYEDAGUO。GUNQIUTIYUGUOGONGYEZENGJIAZHIFANLE2180BEI,YUANMEI、YUANYOU、FADIANLIANG、CUGANG、SHUINICHANLIANGFENBIEFANLE115、1576、1654、5800、3349BEI。JUEDADUOSHUGONGYECHANPINCHANLIANGWENJUSHIJIEDIYI。

滚球体育  GUNQIUTIYUGUOQIANGDAGONGYETEBIESHIZHIZAOYEDEFAZHAN,YOUJINYIBUCUCHENGLEJIAOTONGJICHUSHESHIGUNQIUTIYUHEBAOZHANGNENGLIDETISHENG。QUANGUOGONGLUZONGLICHENGYOU1949NIANDE8.07WANGONGLIZENGZHANGDAO2018NIANDE484.65WANGONGLI。QUANGUOTIELUYINGYELICHENG,2018NIANMODADAO13.1WANGONGLI,QIZHONGGAOTIE2.9WANGONGLIYISHANG,CHAOGUOSHIJIEGAOTIEZONGLICHENGDESANFENZHIER,CHENGWEISHIJIESHANGGAOTIELICHENGZUIZHANG、YUNSHUMIDUZUIGAO、CHENGWANGYUNYINGCHANGJINGZUIFUZADEGUOJIA。

  MUQIAN,GUNQIUTIYUGUOSHISHIJIESHANGWEIYIYIGEYONGYOUBAOKUO39GEGONGYEDALEI、191GEZHONGLEI、525GEXIAOLEIDESUOYOUGONGYEMENLEIDEGUOJIA,QIANGDADEGONGYEJICHUJIJICHUSHESHIGUNQIUTIYUHEBAOZHANGNENGLI,JINYIBUHANGSHILEZHONGGUOXIANDAIHUADEGENJI,WEISHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDIANDINGLEXIONGHOUDEWUZHIJISHUJICHU。

  从跟跑、并跑到部分领域领跑: 创新能力后来居上

  XINZHONGGUODEKEXUEJISHUJIHUSHIZAIYIPIAN“FEIXU”SHANGQIBUDE。1949NIAN,ZHONGGUOJINYOU30DUOGEZHUANMENYANJIUJIGOU,QUANGUOKEJIRENYUANBUDAO5WANREN。70NIANLAI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOKEJISHILIBANSUIJINGJIFAZHANTONGBUZHUANGDA,WEIGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIFAZHANYOUYAOSUQUDONGXIANGCHUANGXINQUDONGZHUANBIANTIGONGQIANGDAZHICHENG。

  CHUANGXINRENCAIDUIWUGUIMOPANGDA。CONG1949NIANDAO2018NIAN,GUNQIUTIYUGUOPUTONGGAOXIAODESHULIANG、JIAOSHISHU、ZAIXIAOXUESHENGSHU、ZHAOSHENGSHU、BIYESHENGSHUFENBIEFANLE13、104.6、242、255、390BEI;YANJIUSHENGZAIXIAORENSHUYOU629RENZENGZHANGDAO273.1WANREN;LIUXUESHENGYOU1959NIANDE35RENZENGZHANGDAO2018NIANDE60.84WANREN。GUNQIUTIYUGUOYANFARENYUANZONGSHUZAI2013NIANCHAOGUOMEIGUO,YIJUSHIJIEDIYI,WEIGUNQIUTIYUGUOCHUANGXINFAZHANTIGONGQIANGDARENCAIZHICHENG。

  CHUANGXINZIJINTOURUJINFEIXIBI。SUIZHEGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIDEKUAISUFAZHAN,KEJICHUANGXINTOURUCHIXUZENGJIA,CHUANGXINFAZHANHUODEYUANYUANBUDUANDEZIJINBAOZHANG。GUNQIUTIYUGUOYANJIUYUSHIYANFAZHANJINGFEIZONGLIANGYIWENJUSHIJIEDIER,YANFAJINGFEITOURUQIANGDUZHENGTISHANGCHAOGUOLEOUMENG15GECHUSHIGUOPINGJUNSHUIPING,YIJINGDADAOZHONGDENGFADAGUOJIASHUIPING,2018NIANYANFATOURUZONGLIANGDADAO19657YIYUAN。

滚球体育  ZHENGSHIYONGYOUSHIJIESHANGGUIMOZUIDADERENCAIDUIWUZHICHENGHEJINCIYUMEIGUODEZIJINTOURUZUOBAOZHANG,GUNQIUTIYUGUOCHUANGXINNENGLIFAZHANCHENGHOULAIJUSHANGZHISHI。JIEZHI2018NIANNIANDI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOFAMINGZHUANLISHENQINGLIANGYIJINGLIANXU8NIANJUSHIJIESHOUWEI。2017NIANZHONGGUOKEXUELUNWENBEIYINYONGCISHUYICHAOGUODEGUO、YINGGUO,SHANGSHENGDAOSHIJIEDIERWEI。JICHUYANJIUHEZHANLVEXINGGAOJISHUDENGLINGYUSHIXIANDUODIANTUPO,5GTONGXIN、GUIDAOJIAOTONGZHUANGBEI、YUYINSHIBIE、XINNENGYUANQICHE、JUEJINZHUANGBEIDENGLINGYUJISHUYIJISHENSHIJIEQIANLIE,C919DAXINGKEJI、GAODANGSHUKONGJICHUANGDENGJISHUJIAKUAIZHUIGANGUOJIXIANJINSHUIPING,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIYINGLAILECHUANGXINQUDONGFAZHANDEGAOZHILIANGSHIDAI。

  从被封锁围堵到经济全球化推动者: 开放天地越发广阔

滚球体育  XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHICHU,YOUYUSHIJIESHANGSHEHUIZHUYIHEZIBENZHUYILIANGDAZHENYINGDEDUIKANGDUILI,GUNQIUTIYUGUODUIWAIKAIFANGZHUYAOMIANXIANGSULIANDENGSHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIA。1949NIANNIANDI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOKAIZHANLEYUSULIANJIQITADONGOUGUOJIADEZIJIN、JISHUHEZUO,PAICHU7000DUORENQIANQULIUXUE,YUSULIANYOU156GEGONGYEXIANGMUHEZUO。SHANGSHIJI50NIANDAIMOZHONGSUGUANXIPOLIEHOU,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJIJIDAPOFENGSUO,CONGXIFANGGUOJIAYINJINYIXIEJIXUDEJISHUHESHEBEI。TEBIESHISHANGSHIJI70NIANDAICHU,ZHONGMEILIANGGUOYOUDUIKANGZOUXIANGDUIHUA,XIFANGGUOJIADUIGUNQIUTIYUGUODEJINGJIFENGSUOYIJIBENJIESHU。

  DANGDESHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIHOU,GUNQIUTIYUGUOCHONGFENLIYONGGUOJIGUONEILIANGGESHICHANG、LIANGZHONGZIYUAN,XINGCHENGLEDUOCENGCI、KUANLINGYU、QUANFANGWEIDEDUIWAIKAIFANGGEJU。1978NIANDAO2017NIAN,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINCHUKOUZONGEANRENMINBIJISUANNIANJUNZENGSUDA18.6%,LEIJISHIYONGWAISHANGZHIJIETOUZICHAOGUO2WANYIMEIYUAN。1983NIANZHI2017NIANLIYONGWAIZINIANJUNZENGZHANG12.8%。2002NIANZHI2017NIAN,GUNQIUTIYUGUODUIWAIZHIJIETOUZINIANJUNZENGZHANG29.1%,JISHENSHIJIEZIBENSHUCHUDAGUOXINGLIE。

滚球体育  GUNQIUTIYUGUOYIJINGCHENGWEIJINGJIQUANQIUHUADEZHONGYAOYINLINGZHE。JIARUYATAIJINGHEZUZHI,JIARUSHIJIEMAOYIZUZHI……MUQIAN,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJIHUJIARULEQUANBUSHIJIEXINGJINGJIZUZHI,BINGQIEZAIQIZHONGFAHUIZHEYUELAIYUEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。YOUQISHIDANGDESHIBADAYILAI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJIJITUIJIN“YIDAIYILU”GUNQIUTIYU,FAQICHUANGBANYAZHOUJICHUSHESHITOUZIYINXING,SHELISILUJIJIN,DALIKAIZHANDUOBIANSHUANGBIANMAOYI。ZAIJINGJIQUANQIUHUAZAOYUNILIUDEQINGKUANGXIA,GUNQIUTIYUCHANGDAOGOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI,CUJINQUANQIUZHILITIXIBIANGE,GUNQIUTIYUGUOGUOJIYINGXIANGLI、GANZHAOLI、SUZAOLIJINYIBUTIGAO。GUNQIUTIYUGUOYIJINGCHENGWEISHIJIECHANYELIANDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,CHENGWEIQUANQIUJINGJIYUNXINGGUIZEZHIDINGDEZHONGYAOCANYUZHEHEJINGJIQUANQIUHUADEZHONGYAOLINGDAOLILIANG。

  从缺吃少穿到迈向全面小康: 民生福祉极大提升

  XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,BANSUIZHEZHONGGUOJINGJIDEKUAISUFAZHAN,RENMINQUNZHONGDESHENGHUOSHUIPINGFASHENGFANTIANFUDIDEJUBIAN。CHENGXIANGJUMINRENJUNSHOURUFANLESHUBAIBEI,QIZHONG,NONGCUNJUMINRENJUNKEZHIPEISHOURUYOU1957NIANDE73YUANZENGZHANGDAO2018NIANDE14617YUAN,FANLE200BEI;CHENGZHENDANWEIZAIGANGZHIGONGNIANPINGJUNGONGZIYOU1952NIANDE445YUANZENGZHANGDAO2017NIANDE76121YUAN,FANLE171BEI。

滚球体育  YUCITONGSHI,QUANGUOJUMINRENJUNXIAOFEIZHICHUYOU1952NIANDE80YUANZENGZHANGDAO2018NIANDE19853YUAN,FANLE248BEI。QUANGUORENJUNSHOUMINGYOU1949NIANDE35SUIZUOYOUSHANGSHENGDAO2017NIANDE76.7SUI。

  GUNQIUTIYUDANGLAOLAOBAWO“GONGTONGFUYU”ZHEIYIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEGENBENYUANZE,BARENMINQUNZHONGTUOPINZHIFUZUOWEIDANGQUANBUGONGZUODEZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG。TEBIESHIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJIANPINSHIYEQUDEJUDACHENGJIU。ANZHAOSHIJIEYINXINGMEIRENMEITIAN1.9MEIYUANDEGUOJIPINKUNBIAOZHUNJISHIJIEYINXINGFABUDESHUJU,GUNQIUTIYUGUOPINKUNRENKOUCONG1981NIANMODE8.78YIRENJIANSHAODAO2013NIANDE2511WANREN,PINKUNFASHENGLVCONG88.3%XIAJIANGZHI1.9%,JIANPINRENKOUZHANQUANQIUJIANPINZONGGUIMOCHAOQICHENG。

滚球体育  RUGUOANZHAOGUNQIUTIYUGUO2010NIANQUEDINGDE2300YUANNIANSHOURUBIAOZHUN,2018NIANNIANDIGUNQIUTIYUGUODEPINKUNRENKOUXIAJIANGZHI1660WAN,PINKUNFASHENGLVXIAJIANGDAO1.7%,2020NIANJIANGYUANMANWANCHENGQUANMIANTUOPINDEMUBIAORENWU。ZHONGGUOCHENGWEIQUANQIUZUIZAOSHIXIANLIANHEGUOQIANNIANFAZHANMUBIAOZHONGJIANPINMUBIAODEFAZHANZHONGGUOJIA,WEIQUANQIUJIANPINSHIYEZUOCHULEZHONGDAGONGXIAN。

  〔ZUOZHEDANWEI: ZHONGYANGDANGXIAO(GUOJIAXINGZHENGXUEYUAN)XIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGYANJIUZHONGXIN〕

(责编: 毕阳)

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