滚球体育

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新中国经济发展的经验和启示

2018-09-19
19 2019-09

09:51

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 韩保江

  1949NIANXINZHONGGUOCHENGLI,ZHONGGUORENMINCONGCICHENGWEIGUOJIAHESHEHUIDEZHUREN。DANNEISHI,GUOJIAYIQIONGERBAI,BAIFEIDAIXING,GUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGPUBIANGUOZHEPINKUNDESHENGHUO。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANYILAITEBIESHIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,ZAIDANGDEJIANQIANGLINGDAOXIA,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJICHIXUKUAISUZENGZHANG,CHENGWEISHIJIEDIERDAJINGJITI、ZHIZAOYEDIYIDAGUOHEHUOWUMAOYIDIYIDAGUO,DUISHIJIEJINGJIZENGZHANGDEGONGXIANBUDUANJIADA,RENMINSHENGHUOSHUIPINGXIANZHUTIGAO。70NIANJINGJIFAZHANDELICHENG,JILEILEZHUDUOZHONGYAOJINGYAN,WEIGUNQIUTIYUZAIXINSHIDAITUIDONGJINGJIGAOZHILIANGFAZHANTIGONGLEYOUYIQISHI。

  坚持中国共产党的领导

  JIANCHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDELINGDAO,SHISHIXIANJINGJIFAZHANDEGENBENBAOZHENG。CONGXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYISHITICHUGUNQIUTIYU“SHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUA”、GOUJIANDULIZIZHU、MENLEIQIQUANDEGONGYETIXI,DAOGAIGEKAIFANGHOUDALITUIJINXINXINGGONGYEHUA、XINXIHUA、CHENGZHENHUA、NONGYEXIANDAIHUA,ZAIDAOXINSHIDAITICHUYIXINFAZHANLINIANTONGLINGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANQUANJU、SHIXIANGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN,GUNQIUTIYUDANGZONGNENGSHUNYINGSHIDAICHAOLIU,WEIGUNQIUTIYUGUOXIANDAIHUAJINCHENGHEJINGJIFAZHANZHIMINGFANGXIANG。CONGTUIDONGLAODONG、ZIBEN、TUDI、JISHU、GUANLIDENGGEZHONGSHENGCHANYAOSUYOUHUAPEIZHI,DAODIAODONGQUANGUOGEZURENMINJIAKUAIFAZHANDEJIJIXINGZHUDONGXINGCHUANGZAOXING,GUNQIUTIYUDANGZONGNENGFAHUIQITAZHENGZHILILIANGBUKETIDAIDEZUOYONG。DUICI,XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,“GUNQIUTIYUDANGYAODAILING13YIDUORENMINQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI,BIXUSHIYING、BAWO、YINLINGJINGJIFAZHANXINCHANGTAI,CHUANGXINDANGLINGDAOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDEGUANNIAN、TIZHI、FANGSHIFANGFA,TIGAODANGBAWOFANGXIANG、MOUHUAQUANJU、TICHUZHANLVE、ZHIDINGZHENGCE、TUIJINGAIGEDENENGLI,WEIFAZHANHANGCHUANDINGHAOXIANG、ZHANGHAODUO。”LISHIHEXIANSHIYIZAIZHENGMING,BANHAOZHONGGUODESHIQING,GUANJIANZAIDANG。ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZUIBENZHIDETEZHENGSHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAO,ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUDEZUIDAYOUSHISHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAO。JIANCHIDANGDUIYIQIEGONGZUODELINGDAO,SHIDANGHEGUOJIADEGENBENSUOZAI、MINGMAISUOZAI,SHIQUANGUOGEZURENMINDELIYISUOZAI、XINGFUSUOZAI。

  坚持走中国特色社会主义道路

滚球体育  XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIQIANXI,MAOZEDONGTONGZHIZHICHU,GUNQIUTIYUYINGDANG“ZAIGEMINGSHENGLIYIHOU,XUNSUDIHUIFUHEFAZHANSHENGCHAN,DUIFUGUOWAIDEDIGUOZHUYI,SHIZHONGGUOWENBUDIYOUNONGYEGUOZHUANBIANWEIGONGYEGUO,BAZHONGGUOGUNQIUTIYUCHENGYIGEWEIDADESHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIA”。DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,“SHEHUIZHUYITONGZIBENZHUYIBIJIAO,TADEYOUYUEXINGJIUZAIYUNENGZUODAOQUANGUOYIPANQI,JIZHONGLILIANG,BAOZHENGZHONGDIAN。”ZUOWEISHEHUIZHUYIJIBENJINGJIZHIDUDENEIZAIYAOQIU,GONGYOUZHIWEIZHUTIWEISHIXIAN“QUANGUOYIPANQI”TIGONGLEJIANSHIDEJINGJIJICHU;DUOZHONGSUOYOUZHIJINGJIGONGTONGFAZHANWEIZENGQIANGJINGJIFAZHANDONGLIHEHUOLIZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。RENMINMINZHUZHUANZHENGDEGUOTI、RENMINDAIBIAODAHUIZHIDUDEZHENGTI、ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAODEDUODANGHEZUOHEZHENGZHIXIESHANGZHIDU、MINZUQUYUZIZHIZHIDUYIJIJICENGQUNZHONGZIZHIZHIDU,QUEBAOLEQUANGUORENMINGENBENLIYIDEYIZHIXING,TIXIANLEMINZHUYUJIZHONGDETONGYI,NENGGOUCUJINGEJIDANGZHENGBUMENGAOXIAOLUOSHIJIDINGJUECE。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANLAITEBIESHIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,JIANCHIZOUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLU,JIANCHIFAHUISHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUYOUYUEXING,SHIXINZHONGGUOKUAISUTUIJINGONGYEHUABINGQUDEJUDAFAZHANCHENGJIUDEZHONGYAOBAOZHENG。XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,“GUNQIUTIYUZUIDADEYOUSHISHIGUNQIUTIYUGUOSHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUNENGGOUJIZHONGLILIANGBANDASHI。ZHEISHIGUNQIUTIYUCHENGJIUSHIYEDEZHONGYAOFABAO。”DANGQIAN,SHIJIEZHENGCHUYUBAINIANWEIYOUZHIDABIANJU,GUNQIUTIYUGUOMIANLINDEFAZHANJIYUHEFENGXIANTIAOZHANQIANSUOWEIYOU,ZHUAZHUFAZHANJIYU、ZHANSHENGFENGXIANTIAOZHAN,RENGRANXUYAOCHONGFENFAHUISHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUDEYOUYUEXING。

  坚持创新发展理念

  “FAZHANLINIANSHIFOUDUITOU,CONGGENBENSHANGJUEDINGZHEFAZHANCHENGXIAONAIZHICHENGBAI。”XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANDEJINGJIFAZHANCHENGJIUCHONGFENYINZHENGLEZHEIYIZHONGYAOLUNDUAN。1958NIAN5YUE,DANGDEBAJIEERZHONGQUANHUITONGGUODE“GUZUGANJING,LIZHENGSHANGYOU,DUOKUAIHAOSHENGDIGUNQIUTIYUSHEHUIZHUYI”DESHEHUIZHUYIGUNQIUTIYUZONGLUXIAN,SHIGUNQIUTIYUGUOSHEHUIZHUYIGUNQIUTIYUSHISHANGFAZHANLINIANDEYICIZHONGDACHUANGXIN。GAIGEKAIFANGCHUQI,DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,“GUNQIUTIYUSHISHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIA,SHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUYOUYUEXINGDEGENBENBIAOXIAN,JIUSHINENGGOUYUNXUSHEHUISHENGCHANLIYIJIUSHEHUISUOMEIYOUDESUDUXUNSUFAZHAN,SHIRENMINBUDUANZENGZHANGDEWUZHIWENHUASHENGHUOXUYAONENGGOUZHUBUDEDAOMANZU。ANZHAOLISHIWEIWUZHUYIDEGUANDIANLAIJIANG,ZHENGQUEDEZHENGZHILINGDAODECHENGGUO,GUIGENJIEDIYAOBIAOXIANZAISHEHUISHENGCHANLIDEFAZHANSHANG,RENMINWUZHIWENHUASHENGHUODEGAISHANSHANG。”JIANGZEMINTONGZHIZHICHU,“BIXUBAFAZHANZUOWEIDANGZHIZHENGXINGGUODEDIYIYAOWU”。HUJINTAOTONGZHIZHICHU,“NULISHIXIANYIRENWEIBEN、QUANMIANXIEDIAOKECHIXUDEKEXUEFAZHAN”。DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,YIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGJINYIBUCHUANGXINFAZHANLINIAN,TICHULECHUANGXIN、XIEDIAO、LVSE、KAIFANG、GONGXIANGDEXINFAZHANLINIAN。XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,“ZHEIWUDAFAZHANLINIANBUSHIPINGKONGDELAIDE,SHIGUNQIUTIYUZAISHENKEZONGJIEGUONEIWAIFAZHANJINGYANJIAOXUNDEJICHUSHANGXINGCHENGDE,YESHIZAISHENKEFENXIGUONEIWAIFAZHANDASHIDEJICHUSHANGXINGCHENGDE,JIZHONGFANYINGLEGUNQIUTIYUDANGDUIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANGUILVRENSHIDESHENHUA,YESHIZHENDUIGUNQIUTIYUGUOFAZHANZHONGDETUCHUMAODUNHEWENTITICHULAIDE”“ZHEIWUDAFAZHANLINIANXIANGHUGUANTONG、XIANGHUCUJIN,SHIJUYOUNEIZAILIANXIDEJIHETI,YAOTONGYIGUANCHE,BUNENGGUCISHIBI,YEBUNENGXIANGHUTIDAI。NAYIGEFAZHANLINIANGUANCHEBUDAOWEI,FAZHANJINCHENGDOUHUISHOUDAOYINGXIANG。QUANDANGTONGZHIYIDINGYAOTIGAOTONGYIGUANCHEWUDAFAZHANLINIANDENENGLIHESHUIPING,BUDUANKAITUOFAZHANXINJINGJIE。”DANGDESHIJIUDAZUOCHUGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIYIYOUGAOSUZENGZHANGJIEDUANZHUANXIANGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANJIEDUANDEZHONGDAPANDUAN,MINGQUETICHUGUNQIUTIYUXIANDAIHUAJINGJITIXISHIKUAYUEGUANKOUDEPOQIEYAOQIUHEGUNQIUTIYUGUOFAZHANDEZHANLVEMUBIAO,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIFAZHANGAOZHILIANGTEZHENGRIYIMINGXIAN。

  坚持社会主义市场经济改革方向

  JIANCHISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIGAIGEFANGXIANG,SHISHIXIANJINGJIFAZHANDE“GUANJIANYIZHAO”。XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,“JINGJIFAZHANJIUSHIYAOTIGAOZIYUANYOUQISHIXIQUEZIYUANDEPEIZHIXIAOLV,YIJINKENENGSHAODEZIYUANTOURUSHENGCHANJINKENENGDUODECHANPIN、HUODEJINKENENGDADEXIAOYI。LILUNHESHIJIANDOUZHENGMING,SHICHANGPEIZHIZIYUANSHIZUIYOUXIAOLVDEXINGSHI。”XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANLAI,SUIZHEJINGJITIZHICONGJIHUAJINGJIZHUANBIANWEISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJI,SHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGDEZUOYONGCONG“JICHUXING”ZHUANBIANWEI“JUEDINGXING”,SHENGCHANYAOSUPEIZHIXIAOLVBUDUANTIGAO,WEIGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIFAZHANZHURUQIANGDADONGLI。GAOCHUXULVYINZHIGAOZIBENXINGCHENGLV,WEIGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIFAZHANTIGONGLEXIONGHOUDEWUZHIZIBEN。ZHONGGUORENLILAIJUYOUCHUXUDECHUANTONG,TEBIESHIGAIGEKAIFANGHOUSUIZHERENJUNSHOURUDEZENGJIA,CHUXULVZONGTIBAOCHIZAIJIAOGAOSHUIPING,SHITOUZICHENGWEIQUDONGGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOYINQING。NONGCUNFUYULAODONGLIWEIGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIFAZHANTIGONGLEFENGHOUDERENLIZIBEN,DAILAILEJUDADERENKOUHONGLI。QUANYAOSUSHENGCHANLVBUDUANTIGAO,WEIGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIFAZHANTIGONGZONGHEDONGLI。GUNQIUTIYUCHONGFENFAHUIJIAGEJIZHI、JINGZHENGJIZHIDEZUOYONG,TONGGUOGUNQIUTIYUGUNQIUTIYUXINGZHENGFU、FAZHIZHENGFUDENGGENGHAOFAHUIZHENGFUZUOYONG,SHIJIAOYICHENGBENBUDUANJIANGDI。JIANCHIHEWANSHANGONGYOUZHIWEIZHUTI、DUOZHONGSUOYOUZHIJINGJIGONGTONGFAZHANDEJIBENJINGJIZHIDU,BUDUANSHENHUAGUOYOUQIYEGAIGE,GULIZHICHIYINDAOFEIGONGYOUZHIJINGJIFAZHAN,JIJIWENTUOTUIJINHUNHESUOYOUZHIGAIGE,SHICHANGZHUTIDEHUOLIDEDAOYOUXIAOJIFA。

  坚持对外开放的基本国策

  1956NIAN4YUE,MAOZEDONGTONGZHIZAI《LUNSHIDAGUANXI》ZHONGZHICHU,“GUNQIUTIYUDEFANGZHENSHI,YIQIEMINZU、YIQIEGUOJIADEZHANGCHUDOUYAOXUE,ZHENGZHI、JINGJI、KEXUE、JISHU、WENXUE、YISHUDEYIQIEZHENZHENGHAODEDONGXIDOUYAOXUE。”GAIGEKAIFANGYIHOU,DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,“DUIWAIKAIFANGJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI,RENHEYIGEGUOJIAYAOFAZHAN,GULIQILAI,BIGUANZISHOUSHIBUKENENGDE,BUJIAQIANGGUOJIJIAOWANG,BUYINJINFADAGUOJIADEXIANJINJINGYAN、XIANJINKEXUEJISHUHEZIJIN,SHIBUKENENGDE。”DUIWAIKAIFANGBEIQUELIWEIGUNQIUTIYUGUODEJIBENGUOCE。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANLAITEBIESHIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAIJINGJIKUAISUFAZHANDELICHENGCHONGFENZHENGMING,DUIWAIKAIFANGSHITUIDONGGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDEZHONGYAODONGLI。GUNQIUTIYUJIJIYINJINHELIYONGGUOJISHANGDEXIANJINGUANLIJINGYAN、KEXUEJISHUHEZIBEN,JIANCHILIYONGHAOGUOJIGUONEILIANGGESHICHANG、LIANGZHONGZIYUAN,MIBUGUONEIZIBENHEJISHUQUEKOU,CHONGFENFAHUIBIJIAOYOUSHI,YOULITUIDONGLEGUNQIUTIYUGUOGONGYEHUAJINCHENG。JINHOU,YINGCHONGFENXIQUFADAGUOJIAGONGYEHUADEJINGYANJIAOXUN,CHONGFENLIYONGGUNQIUTIYUGUOYONGYOUWANZHENGGONGYETIXIDEBIJIAOYOUSHI,DALIFAZHANXIANJINZHIZAOYEHESHITIJINGJI,ZHUZHONGSHITIJINGJIYUXUNIJINGJI、ZHIZAOYEYUGUNQIUTIYUYEXIEDIAOFAZHAN。

  坚持依靠人民群众

滚球体育  JIANCHIYIKAORENMINQUNZHONG,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIFAZHANJIUYONGYOUYUANYUANBUJIEDEDONGLI。“YIWU”SHIQI,“MEIYIMIAOZHONGDOUWEICHUANGZAOSHEHUIZHUYISHEHUIERLAODONG”——ZHEIYANGCHONGMANSHIDAIJINGSHENDEKOUHAO,FANYINGLEWUNIANJIHUADEHONGWEIMUBIAOZHUANHUAWEIQIANBAIWANZHIGONGDESHIJIXINGDONG,GUWUZHEZHONGGUOGONGRENJIEJIWANGGUNQIUTIYUDIWEISHIXIANSHEHUIZHUYIGONGYEHUAERFENDOU。GAIGEKAIFANGYIHOU,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJIANLIHEWANSHANSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHI、SHIXIANJINGJIGAOSUZENGZHANG,TONGYANGLIBUKAIRENMINQUNZHONGDESHOUCHUANGJINGSHENHEWEIDACHUANGZAO。DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,“NONGCUNGAOJIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAO,ZHEIGEFAMINGQUANSHINONGMINDE。NONGCUNGAIGEZHONGDEHAODUODONGXI,DOUSHIJICENGCHUANGZAOCHULAI,GUNQIUTIYUBATANALAIJIAGONGTIGAOZUOWEIQUANGUODEZHIDAO”“XIANGZHENQIYERONGNALE50%DENONGCUNSHENGYULAODONGLI。NEIBUSHIGUNQIUTIYULINGDAOCHUDEZHUYI,ERSHIJICENGNONGYEDANWEIHENONGMINZIJICHUANGZAODE。”XIJINPINGTONGZHIZHICHU,“40NIANLAI,ZHONGGUORENMINYONGYUTANSUO、ZHENZHUASHIGAN,PINGZHEYIGUKAITUOCHUANGXINDEPINJING,YIGUZILIGENGSHENGDERENJING,BAZHONGGUOJIANCHENGLESHIJIEDIERDAJINGJITI,ZHONGGUODEMIANMAO、ZHONGGUORENMINDEMIANMAOFASHENGLEFANTIANFUDIDEBIANHUA。ZHONGGUODEJINTIAN,SHIZHONGGUORENMINGANCHULAIDE!”ZHENGSHIYINWEISHIZHONGZUNZHONGRENMINQUNZHONGDESHOUCHUANGJINGSHEN,YIKAOGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGJINXINGWEIDACHUANGZAO,XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANLAI,GUNQIUTIYUYONGJISHINIANSHIJIANZOUWANLEFADAGUOJIAJIBAINIANZOUGUODEFAZHANLICHENG,CHUANGZAOLEJUSHIZHUMUDEFAZHANQIJI。

滚球体育  〔ZUOZHEWEIZHONGYANGDANGXIAO(GUOJIAXINGZHENGXUEYUAN)XIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGYANJIUZHONGXINTEYUEYANJIUYUAN、JINGJIXUEJIAOYANBUJIAOSHOU〕

  (责编: 毕阳)

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