滚球体育

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70年来经济体制的探索与启示

2018-09-16
16 2019-09

09:18

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 中央党校(国家行政学院)习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究中心

  XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANLAI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDAILINGQUANGUOGEZURENMINBUXIEFENDOU,QUDELEHUIHUANGCHENGJIU,CHUANGZAOCHUSHIJIEZHUMUDE“ZHONGGUOQIJI”。ZHEIYUGUNQIUTIYUDANGJIANCHICONGSHIJICHUFA,GAODUZHONGSHIZHIDUGUNQIUTIYUMIQIEXIANGGUAN,YOUQISHIYUGUNQIUTIYUDANGJIEHEXINDESHIDAITIAOJIANHESHIJIANYAOQIU、SHIXIANCONGJIHUAJINGJITIZHIXIANGSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIDEZHUANBIANMIQIEXIANGGUAN。ZHANZAIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70ZHOUNIANDEZHONGYAOJIEDIAN,HUIGUGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJITIZHIDETANSUOHESHIJIAN,ZONGJIEQIJINGYANYUQISHI,JUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

对传统经济体制的反思

  XINZHONGGUOCHENGLISHI,KEWEIJIPINJIRUO、YIQIONGERBAI,GUOJICHUJINGYEYICHANGJIANNAN。YIXIEXIFANGZIBENZHUYIGUOJIADUIZHONGGUOSHIXINGZHENGZHISHANGGULI、JINGJISHANGFENGSUOHEJINYUNDECUOSHI。ZAITEDINGDELISHITIAOJIANHEXUANZEKONGJIANXIA,WEIJINKUAISHIXIANGONGYEHUA,ZHONGGUOJIEJIANSULIANDESHEHUIZHUYIGUNQIUTIYUJINGYAN,XUANZEYOUXIANFAZHANZHONGGONGYEDEFAZHANZHANLVE,ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONGXINGCHENGLEGAODUJIZHONGDEJINGJITIZHI。

滚球体育  GAODUJIZHONGDEJINGJITIZHICENGZAITEDINGLISHITIAOJIANXIADUIGUOMINJINGJIGUNQIUTIYUFAHUIGUOJIJIZUOYONG。ZAIJINGJIFAZHANSHUIPINGDIXIA、ZIYUANZIJINYANZHONGBUZU、GUOLIYOUXIANDEYANJUNXINGSHIXIA,GUNQIUTIYUGUOCAIQUGAODUJIZHONGDEJIHUAJINGJITIZHI,JIANGYOUXIANZIYUANJIZHONGYUZHONGDIANGUNQIUTIYU,NENGGOUZUIDAXIANDUTUIDONGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN,TUIDONGGUOMINJINGJIXUNSUHUIFU。GUNQIUTIYUGUOBUJINQUELILESHEHUIZHUYIJIBENZHIDU,HAIJIANLIQIYITAODULIDEBIJIAOWANZHENGDEGONGYETIXIHEGUOMINJINGJITIXI,QUDEBAOKUO“LIANGDANYIXING”ZAINEIDEZHONGDACHENGJIU,TUIJINLESHEHUIZHUYIGUNQIUTIYU,WEIGENGHAOFAZHANDIANDINGLEZHONGYAOJICHU。

滚球体育  LISHIJINGYANBIAOMING,YIGEGUOJIAZAISHILIXIANGDUIRUOXIAOSHIXUANZEGAODUJIZHONGDEJINGJITIZHI,KEYIZAIDUANQINEIHUODEJIAOKUAIFAZHAN。DANZHEIZHONGJINGJITIZHIYEYOUBIDUAN。JIUGUNQIUTIYUGUODESHIJIANKAN,ZHEIYITIZHIBIDUANZHUYAOTIXIANWEI: SUOYOUZHIJIEGOUGUOYUDANYI,GUOYUZHUIQIUSUOYOUZHICHUNERYOUCHUN;JINGJIJUECEQUANGUOYUJIZHONG,QIYECHENGWEIXINGZHENGBUMENDEXIASHUDANWEI,JIDUQUEFAZIZHUQUAN;KAOZHILINGXINGJIHUAPEIZHIZIYUAN,PAICHISHICHANGJIZHI,QIYEHESHICHANGJINGCHANG“BEIJIHUA”。JIANYANZHI,GAODUJIZHONGDEJINGJITIZHIYAYILESHENGCHANZHEJIJIXING,SHISHICHANGZUOYONGDEBUDAOFAHUI,ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGZUAIHESHUFULESHENGCHANLIDEFAZHAN。

  DUIGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJITIZHIDEXUANZEHEZHUANBIAN,BIXUBIANZHENGKAN、QUANMIANKAN。KEYISHUO,JIHUAJINGJITIZHIJIBENSHIYINGLEXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHICHUSHENGCHANLIFAZHANDESHUIPING,BINGQUESHIFAHUIGUOJIJIZUOYONG。DANSHISUIZHESHEHUIJINGJIDEBUDUANFAZHAN,YUANYOUDEGAODUJIZHONGDEJINGJITIZHIDEBIDUANRIYIXIANXIAN,YINCIBIXUJINXINGGAIBIAN。

建立和完善社会主义市场经济体制

  “WENHUADAGEMING”JIESHUHOU,DANGHEGUOJIAMIANLINHEQUHECONGDEZHONGDALISHIGUANTOU。GUNQIUTIYUDANGDUI“WENHUADAGEMING”JINXINGSHENKEFANSI、DUIZHONGGUOFAZHANLUOHOUJINXINGSHENKEFANSI、DUIGUOJIXINGSHIJINXINGSHENKEFANSI。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,ZUOCHUSHIXINGGAIGEKAIFANGDELISHIXINGJUECE,JINGJISHEHUIFAZHANCHENGXIANXINQIXIANG。

  ZAIJINGJITIZHIGAIGEDEJINCHENGZHONG,SHICHANGHUADAOXIANGDEGAIGESILUSUIZAOYUGUOZHENGLUN,DANZUIZHONGJIANCHILEXIALAI。1984NIANDANGDESHIERJIESANZHONGQUANHUITICHU“ZAIGONGYOUZHIJICHUSHANGDEYOUJIHUADESHANGPINJINGJI”DEGAINIAN,TUPOLEBAJIHUAJINGJIYUSHANGPINJINGJIDUILIDEGUANDIAN。1992NIANDANGDESHISIDAMINGQUEGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJITIZHIGAIGEDEMUBIAOSHIJIANLISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHI,TICHUYAOSHISHICHANGZAISHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIAHONGGUANDIAOKONGXIADUIZIYUANPEIZHIQIJICHUXINGZUOYONG。ZHEIYIZHONGDALILUNTUPO,DUIGUNQIUTIYUGUOGAIGEKAIFANGHEJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANQIDAOLEJIWEIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。SUIZHEGAIGEKAIFANGDESHENRU,GUNQIUTIYUDANGDUISHICHANGZUOYONGDERENSHIBUDUANSHENHUA,DANGDESHILIUDATICHU“ZAIGENGDACHENGDUSHANGFAHUISHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGDEJICHUXINGZUOYONG”,DANGDESHIQIDATICHU“CONGZHIDUSHANGGENGHAOFAHUISHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGDEJICHUXINGZUOYONG”,DANGDESHIBADATICHU“GENGDACHENGDUGENGGUANGFANWEIFAHUISHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGDEJICHUXINGZUOYONG”。ZHENGYINWEIZHENGQUECHULIZHENGFUHESHICHANGDEGUANXI,ZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUICHONGMANZHESHENGJIHUOLI。

  DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,JINGJITIZHIGAIGELILUNSHANGJIXUQUDEZHONGDATUPO。DANGDESHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUITICHU“SHISHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGQIJUEDINGXINGZUOYONGHEGENGHAOFAHUIZHENGFUZUOYONG”。JIANGSHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGDEZUOYONGCONG“JICHUXING”GAIWEI“JUEDINGXING”,SHIJINGJILILUNDEZHONGDATUPO。ZAIZHEIYIZHONGDALILUNCHUANGXINZHIYINXIA,GUNQIUTIYUJIANCHIJIANGBIANZHENGFA、LIANGDIANLUN,RANG“KANBUJIANDESHOU”HE“KANDEJIANDESHOU”DOUFAHUICHUGEZIZUOYONG,NULIXINGCHENGSHICHANGZUOYONGHEZHENGFUZUOYONGYOUJITONGYI、XIANGHUBUCHONG、XIANGHUXIEDIAO、XIANGHUCUJINDEGEJU,TUIDONGJINGJISHEHUICHIXUJIANKANGFAZHAN。DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOQIANGDIAO,“JIANCHISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIGAIGEFANGXIANG”“JIAKUAIWANSHANSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHI”,JINYIBUMINGQUELEJIAKUAIWANSHANSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIDEZHONGDIANRENWU。

在探索实践中获得的经验启示

  JIANLIHEWANSHANSHIHEBENGUOGUOQINGDEJINGJITIZHI,SHIYIGEGUOJIABUDUANZOUXIANGXINGWANGFADADEZHONGYAOYIHUAN。70NIANLAI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGGAODUZHONGSHIZHIDUGUNQIUTIYUHETIZHIGAIGE,CONGCHUANTONGDEJIHUAJINGJITIZHIDAOQIANWUGURENDESHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIZAIDAOSHISHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGQIJUEDINGXINGZUOYONGHEGENGHAOFAHUIZHENGFUZUOYONG,SHIXIANSHEHUIZHUYIHESHICHANGJINGJIDEJIEHE,DIAODONGQIRENMENGANSHICHUANGYEDEJIJIXING,TUIDONGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANQUDEJUDACHENGJIU,QITANSUOSHIJIANGUOCHENGZHONGDEBAOGUIJINGYANZHIDESHENRUZONGJIE,YEJIGUNQIUTIYUDAILAIYOUYIQISHI。

  JIANCHIDANGDELINGDAO。ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDELINGDAOWEIZAIZHONGGUOGUNQIUTIYUSHEHUIZHUYITIGONGLEJIANQIANGZHENGZHIBAOZHANG。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAIDEJINGJITIZHIZHUANBIAN,DOUSHIZAIDANGDELINGDAOXIAJINXINGDE,CONGLAIMEIYOUTUOLIGUODANGDELINGDAO。70NIANLAI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSHANYUSUIZHESHIDAIBIANHUABUDUANTUIJINJINGJITIZHIGAIGE。ZAIDANGDELINGDAOXIA,JINGJITIZHIGAIGEDEGUOCHENGSHENGDONGXIANMINGDITIXIANLEZHONGGUOTESE,ZUNXUNLEKEXUESHEHUIZHUYIJIBENYUANZE,JIANSHOULERENMINLICHANG,TIXIANLESHEHUIZHUYIDEBENZHITEZHENG。

  JIANCHIJIEFANGSIXIANG。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,RUHEGUNQIUTIYUSHEHUIZHUYISHIGUNQIUTIYUDANGMIANLINDEYIGEZHANXINKETI。GUONEIWAILILUNJIEYECENGCUNZAIYIZHONGGUHUADEGUANNIAN: SHEHUIZHUYIGAOJIHUAJINGJI、ZIBENZHUYIGAOSHICHANGJINGJI。ZHEIZHONGGUANNIANZHANGQIZHANJUZHEZHUDAODIWEI,GUNQIUTIYUYECENGJINGYIDUBASHEHUIZHUYIJIANDANDENGTONGYUJIHUAJINGJI。DANSUIZHEJINGJISHEHUIDEFAZHAN,GUNQIUTIYUDANGSHENKERENSHIDAO,BUJIEFANGSIXIANGJIUHENNANTUPOJIUYOUGUANNIANHUOTIZHIDESHUFU。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLICHUQI,GUNQIUTIYUBAMAKESIZHUYIJIBENYUANLITONGZHONGGUOJUTISHIJIJIEHEQILAI,TANSUOSHEHUIZHUYIGUNQIUTIYUXINLU。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,GUNQIUTIYUGENGSHIJIANCHIJIEFANGSIXIANG,BUDUANCHONGPODUISHANGPINJINGJI、SHICHANGJINGJIDECHUANTONGRENZHI,GANYUCHENGREN、JIENAXINSHENGSHIWU,ZHANSHILEGANCHUANGGANSHIDECHUANGXINJINGSHEN。KEYISHUO,SIXIANGJIEFANGNENGZOUDUOYUAN,GAIGESHIJIANJIUNENGZOUDUOYUAN。XINSHIDAISHENHUAJINGJITIZHIGAIGE,YIRANXUYAOBUDUANJIEFANGSIXIANG。

滚球体育  JIANCHISHIJIANDIYIDEGUANDIAN。JIANCHISHIJIANDIYI,SHIMAKESIZHUYIRENSHILUNZHONGYIGESHOUYAODEHEJIBENDEGUANDIAN。ZHONGGUOCHENGGONGDAPODUIBENBENDEMOBAI,TUIJINJINGJITIZHIGAIGE,GUANJIANYEZAIYUJIANCHISHIJIANDIYIDEGUANDIAN。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANLAIYOUQISHIGAIGEKAIFANG40DUONIANLAI,GUNQIUTIYUDANGJIANCHICONGZHONGGUOSHIJICHUFA,BASHEHUIZHUYIHESHICHANGJINGJIJIEHEQILAI,JIANLIHEWANSHANSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHI,ZHENGSHIZHEITAOTIZHITUIDONGLEZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUIDEKUAISUFAZHAN。

  JIANCHISHENGCHANLIBIAOZHUN。RENHEYIGESHEHUIDETIZHIBIANGEDOUYAOWEIRAOSHEHUIGENBENRENWUZHANKAI。ZHONGGUOCHUZAISHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUAN,GENBENRENWUSHIJIEFANGHEFAZHANSHENGCHANLI,BAOKUOJINGJITIZHIGAIGEZAINEIDETIZHIGAIGEBIXUWEIRAOZHEIYIGENBENRENWUZHANKAI。ZHIYOUWEIRAOZHEIYIGENBENRENWUSHENHUATIZHIGAIGE,GUNQIUTIYUDANGCAINENGZHENZHENGZUODAOWEIRENMINMOUXINGFU、WEIMINZUMOUFUXING。ZHENGSHIJIANCHISHENGCHANLIBIAOZHUN,HUIYINGRENMINDESUQIU,CHONGFENFAHUIGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGDEJIJIXING、ZHUDONGXING、CHUANGZAOXING,CAINENGGOUTUIJINBAOKUOJINGJITIZHIZAINEIDEGEFANGMIANGAIGE,CONGERSHIZHONGGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANBUDUANQUDEXINCHENGJIU。

  (ZHIBI: DONGJIE)

(责编: 毕阳)

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