滚球体育

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用市场机制推动生态文明滚球体育

2018-08-22
22 2019-08

08:47

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 王东京

  XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHU: “SHENGTAIWENMINGGUNQIUTIYUSHIGUANZHONGHUAMINZUYONGXUFAZHANHE‘LIANGGEYIBAINIAN’FENDOUMUBIAODESHIXIAN,BAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJINGJIUSHIBAOHUSHENGCHANLI,GAISHANSHENGTAIHUANJINGJIUSHIFAZHANSHENGCHANLI。”DUIRUHEBAOHUHEGAISHANSHENGTAIHUANJING,BENWENJIANGCONGRENLEIWENMINGZHUANXINGGUILVDEJIAODU,ZHONGDIANFENXIZENYANGYONGSHICHANGJIZHITUIDONGSHENGTAIWENMINGGUNQIUTIYU。

稀缺性要素演变: 人类文明转型的一般规律

  QIJINWEIZHI,RENLEIWENMINGYILIJINGNONGGENGWENMINGYUGONGYEWENMINGLIANGGEJIEDUAN,MUQIANZHENGXIANGSHENGTAIWENMINGZHUANXING。YEYOUXUEZHESHUOZAINONGGENGWENMINGZHIQIANHAIYOUYIGE“YUANSHIWENMINGJIEDUAN”,BUGUOCIDIANYOUZHENGYI,QIEYUBENWENGUANXIBUDA,ZHEILIXIANCUNERBULUN。GUNQIUTIYUYAOTAOLUNDESHI,RENLEIWENMINGWEISHENMEHUIZHUANXING,HUOZHESHUOTUIDONGNONGGENGWENMINGZHUANXIANGGONGYEWENMING、GONGYEWENMINGZHUANXIANGSHENGTAIWENMINGDEYUANYINDAODISHISHENME?

  DUIYISHANGWENTI,XIFANGXUEZHEZAIFENXISHEHUIZHUANXINGSHIYOUYIGEYANJIUSHIJIAOKEGONGJIEJIAN。JIBENGUANDIANSHI,YIGESHEHUINAGEJIEJIYONGYOUZUIXIQUEZIYUAN,ZHEIGEJIEJIJIUHUICHENGWEISHEHUIDEZHUDAOJIEJI,SHEHUIXINGZHIYEYOUCIJUEDING。NULISHEHUISHENGCHANLIJIQIDIXIA,ZUIXIQUEDEYAOSUSHILAODONGLI,YONGYOUNULIDENULIZHUJIEJIJIUCHENGLENULISHEHUIDEZHUDAOJIEJI。HOULAISUIZHERENKOUZENGZHANG,LAODONGLIBUZAIXIQUEERTUDIBIANDEXIQUE,DIZHUJIEJIBIANCHENGWEIFENGJIANSHEHUIDEZHUDAOJIEJI;ZAIHOULAIFAXIANLEXINDALU,TUDIBUZAIXIQUEERZIBENBIANDEXIQUE,YUSHIZIBENJIAJIEJIYOUCHENGLEZIBENZHUYISHEHUIDEZHUDAOJIEJI。

滚球体育  YONG“YAOSUXIQUEXING”JIESHISHEHUIZHUANXINGZHISHIYIGESHIJIAO,SHISHISHANG,CONGSHENGCHANLIYUSHENGCHANGUANXIXIANGSHIYINGDEJIAODUJIESHISHEHUIZHUANXINGHUIGENGKEXUE。BUGUOJIBIANRUCI,GUNQIUTIYURENWEIYONG“YAOSUXIQUEXING”JIESHIWENMINGZHUANXINGDAOSHIKEQU。RUFENGJIANSHEHUICHANSHENGNONGGENGWENMING,JIUSHIYINWEILIANGSHIGONGJIDUANQUE。DANGNIANMAERSASIZHUZHANGKONGZHIRENKOU,LIYOUSHILIANGSHIZENGZHANGBIRENKOUZENGZHANGMAN。YOUYULIANGSHIGONGJIDUANQUE,FENGJIANSHEHUIDEWENHUAFENGSUYIJIGELEIJISIHUODONGJIEYULIANGSHISHENGCHANXIANGGUAN,ZHEIYANGJIUCHANSHENGLENONGGENGWENMING。

滚球体育  XIANZAIHUITOUKAN,MAERSASIZHISHUODUILEYIBAN。FENGJIANSHEHUIQIANQINAIZHIZHONGQI,RENKOUQUESHIBILIANGSHIZENGZHANGKUAI;DANDAOLEFENGJIANSHEHUIHOUQIYOUYUGONGJUGAIJINYUGENGZUOJISHUJINBU,WENBAOJIBENJIEJUE,RENMENXUQIUCENGCITISHENG,SHIDE“SHECHIPIN”GENGXIQUE,ZHEIYANGBIANCUISHENGLEGONGYEWENMING。RUCHUANDEFANGMIANYOULENILONG、DILUN;CHIDEFANGMIANYOULETIANCAITANG、GUANTOU、QISHUI、QIAOKELI;ZHUDEFANGMIANYOULEDIANTI、GANGJINHUNNINGTUJIANZHUHEMOTIANDALOU;XINGDEFANGMIANYOULEQICHE、HUOCHE、LUNCHUAN、FEIJIDENG。

  GONGYESHEHUIDEDAOLAI,YIFANGMIANJIDADIFENGFULEWUZHIGONGYING,DANTONGSHIYESUNHAILESHENGTAIHUANJING。XIANGDUIWUZHIGONGYINGLAISHUO,HAODEHUANJINGFANERBIANDEXIQUELE。JINTIANRENMENGENGXUYAOJIEJINGDEKONGQI、JIANKANGDESHIPINYUYOUMEIDEHUANJING,YUSHIGONGYEWENMINGYOUKAISHIXIANGSHENGTAIWENMINGZHUANXING。SHISHIDEQUERUCI。JISHINIANQIAN,RENMENHAIBA“YANCONGLINLI”ZUOWEIWENMINGDEBIAOZHI。RANERJINFEIXIBI,GUONEIMEITISHIYOUBAODAO,YOUDIFANGZHAOSHANGYOUYUXIANGMUWURANERZAODAOJUMINDIZHI,SHUOMINGSHENGTAIHUANJINGYICHENGWEIXIQUEPIN。

滚球体育  SHIDE,SUIZHEGUNQIUTIYUGUOGONGYEHUAJINRUZHONGHOUQI,SUNHAIHUANJINGDEDAIJIAYIYUELAIYUEGAO。BUSHISHUOQIYEDEWURANCHENGDUBIGUOQUGENGYANZHONG,ERSHICONGJIHUICHENGBENJIAODUKAN,YOUYURENMENXUQIUFASHENGLEBIANHUA: GUOQUPANWENBAO,XIANZAIPANHUANBAO;GUOQUQIUSHENGCUN,XIANZAIQIUSHENGTAI,LIANGHAODESHENGTAIHUANJINGYIBIANDERIYIZHONGYAO。ZHENGSHIJIYUCI,SUOYIZHONGYANGQIANGDIAOYAODALITUIJINSHENGTAIWENMINGGUNQIUTIYU,SHIXINGZUIYANGEDESHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUZHIDU,BINGBASHENGTAIWENMINGGUNQIUTIYUNARUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIYE“WUWEIYITI”ZONGTIBUJU。

社会成本内化: 控制污染的两种方案

  QIANMIANFENXIGUOLEGONGYEWENMINGXIANGSHENGTAIWENMINGZHUANXINGDEYUANYIN,JIEXIALAIYAOYANJIUDESHI,YINGGAIZENYANGTUIDONGGONGYEWENMINGZHUANXING?WEICIBIXUXIANNONGQINGCHULIANGGEWENTI: YISHIQIYEWEIHEHUISUNHAISHENGTAIHUANJING?ERSHIYONGSHENMEBANFAKONGZHIQIYESUNHAISHENGTAIHUANJING?WEIBIANYUFENXI,XIAMIANRANGGUNQIUTIYUYONGQIYETANPAIFANGDELIZILAITAOLUN。

  ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,TANPAIFANGSHIZAOCHENGMUQIANHUANJINGWURANDEYIGEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。HUANJINGSHIGUANGONGGONGLIYI,QIYEWEIHEBUZHUDONGXIANPAINI?DUICIJINGJIXUEDEJIESHISHIQIYESIRENCHENGBENYUSHEHUICHENGBENFENLIDAOZHIDEJIEGUO。HUANYANZHI,QIYEZHIZHIFUYUANCAILIAO、GONGZI、GUANLIFEIDENGNEIBUSHENGCHANCHENGBEN,ERJIANGTANPAIFANGSUNHAIHUANJINGSUOFASHENGDECHENGBEN(ZHILIHUANJINGDEFEIYONGYUJUMINSHOUDAODESUNHAI)ZHUANJIAJILESHEHUI(ZHENGFUHUOJUMIN)CHENGDAN。ZHENGYINRUCI,QIYEDUITANPAIFANGMOBUGUANXINSHENZHISIWUJIDAN。

滚球体育  JUCIFENXI,JIANSHAOTANPAIFANGDEGUANJIANSHIYAOJIANGSHEHUICHENGBENNEIHUAWEIQIYECHENGBEN。WENTISHIZENYANGJIANGSHEHUICHENGBENYUYINEIHUANI?JINGJIXUEJIACENGTICHUGUOLIANGZHONGFANGAN: SHANGSHIJICHU,YINGGUOJINGJIXUEJIABIGUTICHULEZHENGSHUIBUCHANGDEBANFA,JIYOUZHENGFUXIANXIANGTANPAIFANGDEQIYEZHENGSHUI,RANHOUZAIBUCHANGJISHOUSUNJUMIN。KESHIJINGJIXUEJIAKESI1960NIANFABIAO《LUNSHEHUICHENGBENWENTI》YIWEN,MINGQUEBIAOSHIBUTONGYIBIGUFANGAN,RENWEIZHENGFUZHENGSHUISUINENGJIANGSHEHUICHENGBENNEIHUA,DANBINGFEIWEIYIFANGAN,GENGBUSHIZUIYOUFANGAN。

滚球体育  KESITICHUDEFANGANSHI,ANZHAOJIAOYICHENGBENGAODILAIFENTANSHEHUICHENGBEN。ZAIKESIKANLAI,TANPAIFANGQUANDEFENPEIQISHIJIUSHISHEHUICHENGBENDEFENTAN,HUOZHESHUOSHIJIEDINGCHANQUAN。RUOJIANGTANPAIFANGQUAN(CHANQUAN)JIEDINGJIQIYE,ZEQIYEWUXUCHENGDANSHEHUICHENGBEN;RUOJIANGTANPAIFANGQUANJIEDINGJIJUMIN,QIYEJIUDECHENGDANQUANBUSHEHUICHENGBEN。ZHIYUTANPAIFANGQUANZAIQIYEYUJUMINJIANRUHEFENPEI,ZHENGFUZHIXUKANJIEDINGJISHEIDEJIAOYICHENGBENGENGDI。

滚球体育  SUOWEIJIAOYICHENGBEN,SHIZHIXINXISOUJI、TANPANGOUTONG、ZUZHIXIEDIAODENGZHIDUCHENGBEN。ZAIGONGYEHUACHUQI,HUANJINGWURANBINGBUYANZHONG,GONGZHONGHUANBAOYISHIYEBUQIANG,JIANGTANPAIFANGQUANJIEDINGJIQIYEYIBANBUHUIYOURENFANDUI,JIAOYICHENGBENHUIXIANGDUIDI;DANJINRUGONGYEHUAZHONGHOUQI,SHENGTAIHUANJINGZHUBUEHUA,GONGZHONGHUANBAOYISHIBUDUANZENGQIANG,RUORENGJIANGTANPAIFANGQUANJIEDINGJIQIYEZEFANDUIZHEZENGDUO,JIAOYICHENGBENHUISHENGGAO。YOUCIKAN,WEILEJIANGDIJIAOYICHENGBEN,TANPAIFANGQUANFENPEIJIQIYEDEBILIYINGZHUBUJIANGDI,FENPEIJIJUMINDEBILIYINGZHUBUTIGAO。

  YAOTEBIEZHICHUDESHI,GENJUKESIFANGAN,FENPEITANPAIFANGQUANZHISHINEIHUASHEHUICHENGBENDEDIYIBU,TONGSHIHAIDEKAIFANGTANPAIFANGQUANSHICHANG,RANGTANPAIFANGQUANKEYIJINXINGJIAOYI。KESHIXIANZAIYOUBUSHAORENDANXIN,KAIFANGTANPAIFANGQUANJIAOYIHOU,YOUDEQIYEMAIBUQIPAIFANGZHIBIAOZENMEBAN?GUNQIUTIYUDEDAANHENJIANDAN,MAIBUQIPAIFANGZHIBIAODEQIYEDANGRANZHINENGXIANPAI,YINWEIKAIZHANTANPAIFANGQUANJIAOYIBENLAIJIUSHIWEILETAOTAILUOHOUCHANNENG。

滚球体育  SHIDE,BAOHUHUANJINGBIXUXIANZHITANPAIFANG。YOUYUYIQIANWEIKAIFANGTANPAIFANGQUANSHICHANG,QIYEXIANPAIZHINENGKAOXINGZHENGMINGLING,YOUZHENGFUXIALINGZHIJIEXIANZHIMOUXIEGAOWURANQIYEPAIFANG;ERXIANZAIKAIFANGLETANPAIFANGQUANSHICHANG,BIANKETONGGUOSHICHANGJIZHIXIANPAI。SHIJIANZHENGMING,YONGSHICHANGJIZHIXIANPAIYAOBIZHENGFUXIANPAIGENGYOUXIAO。XIANJINJINGJIXUEJIADADUOZANCHENGKESIFANGANERBUZHICHIBIGUFANGAN,GUIGENDAODI,YINWEIBIGUFANGANSHIYIZHONGZHENGFUXIANPAIFANGAN。

社会收益内化: 绿水青山的盈利模式

  RUGUOSHUOJIANGSHEHUICHENGBENNEIHUAMUDESHIKONGZHIQIYETANPAIFANG,JIANSHAOFUWAIBUXING。NEIMEYUTANPAIFANGBUTONG,QIYETOUZIGAISHANHUANJINGZEJUYOUZHENGWAIBUXING,QISHEHUISHOUYIWANGWANGYAODAYUSIRENSHOUYI。ZHEISHISHUO,YAOGULITOUZIZHEGAISHANHUANJING,JIUDEJIANGSHEHUISHOUYINEIHUA,JIANLISHEHUISHOUYIYUSIRENSHOUYIDEPINGHENGJIZHI。FOUZETOUZIZHEQUEFALIYIQUDONG,JIUHENNANYOUBAOHUHEGAISHANHUANJINGDEDONGLI。

  XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIQIANGDIAO: “LVSHUIQINGSHANJIUSHIJINSHANYINSHAN。”XIANZAIYIXIERENDUIZHEIYILUNSHUYOUWUJIE,YIWEIYIGEDIQUSHENGTAIHUANJINGHAOLEJINGJIYEJIUZIRANFADALE,ZHEIYANGLIJIEXIANRANSHIBUDUIDE。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIHAIQIANGDIAO: “GUNQIUTIYUJIYAOLVSHUIQINGSHAN,YEYAOJINSHANYINSHAN。NINGYAOLVSHUIQINGSHAN,BUYAOJINSHANYINSHAN。”ZHEIJUHUADEYISIHENQINGCHU,“LVSHUIQINGSHAN”YU“JINSHANYINSHAN”YOUSHIYEHUICUNZAICHONGTU,ERDANGLIANGZHEFASHENGCHONGTUSHI,JIUBUNENGWEILEJINGJILIYIERXISHENGSHENGTAIHUANJING。

  XIANRAN,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIJIANG“LVSHUIQINGSHANJIUSHIJINSHANYINSHAN”,SHIZAIQIANGDIAOSHENGTAIHUANJINGDEZHONGYAOXING,ERBUSHIZHI“LVSHUIQINGSHAN”TIANRANJIUSHI“JINSHANYINSHAN”。YIGEJIBENSHISHISHI,NONGGENGSHIDAISHENGTAIHUANJINGKENDINGBIJINTIANHAO,KENEISHIHOUJINGJIQUEYUANBURUJINTIANFADA。JINXIENIANGUNQIUTIYUZUOXIANGCUNDIAOYAN,KANDAOYOUXIEDIFANG“LVSHUIQINGSHAN”QUESHIYIBIANCHENG“JINSHANYINSHAN”,DANYOUDEDIFANGSUIRANYESHANQINGSHUILV,QUEZHIJINSHANGWEITUOPIN。YOUCIKANLAI,YAOBA“LVSHUIQINGSHAN”BIANCHENGSHOURU,HAIDEWEI“LVSHUIQINGSHAN”SHEJICHUYINGLIMOSHI。

滚球体育  JIANG“LVSHUIQINGSHAN”BIANCHENGSHOURU,GUANJIANSHIYAOJIANGSHENGTAIHUANJINGDESHEHUISHOUYINEIHUA。YIMEILIXIANGCUNGUNQIUTIYUWEILI,ZHONGYANGTICHU,YAO“WANGDEJIANSHAN,KANDEJIANSHUI,JIDEZHUXIANGCHOU”。XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,JIANGMEILISHANSHUIHEXIANGCHOUBIANCHENGNONGMINSHOURU,MIANLINZHELIANGFANGMIANDEKUNNAN: YISHISHENGTAIHUANJINGSHUGONGGONGPIN,YOUYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGXIAOFEIBUPAITA,WUFAXIANGYOUKESHOUFEI;ERSHISHENGTAIHUANJINGXIAOFEIJIBIANNENGGOUSHOUFEI,YEWANGWANGNANYIJIJIA。BIRU,XIANGCHOUSHIYOUKEDEYIZHONGZHUGUANGANSHOU,YOUKEXIANGSHOULEDUOSHAOXIANGCHOUSHUOBUQING,XIANGCHOUZHIDUOSHAOQIANYESHUOBUQING。

滚球体育  WEI“LVSHUIQINGSHAN”SHEJIYINGLIMOSHI,JINGJIXUETICHUDEBANFASHIXUNZHAOWEITUOPIN,JIANGNEIXIEBUNENGJILIANGHUOJIJIADESHANGPIN(GUNQIUTIYU)JIEZHUMOUZHONGWEITUOPINJINXINGJIAOYI。XIANGWENDUZHE: SHANGJIAMAIKUANGQUANSHUISHIMAISHENME?RUONIRENWEIZHISHIMAISHUIJIUCUOLE。SHISHISHANG,SHANGJIAMAIKUANGQUANSHUIBUDANSHIMAISHUI,TONGSHIYESHIMAI“FANGBIAN”。YOUYU“FANGBIAN”BUHAOJILIANG,YUSHISHANGJIAJIANG“FANGBIAN”WEITUODAOLEKUANGQUANSHUISHANG。YIPINGKUANGQUANSHUI300HAOSHENGMAI2YUAN,600HAOSHENGMAI3YUAN,SHUIDUOYIBEIERJIAGEWEIGAOYIBEI,SHIYINWEISHUIZENGJIALEER“FANGBIAN”MEIZENGJIA。

  XIANSHIZHONGLEISIDELIZIHENDUO。GUNQIUTIYUSUOZHIDAODE: HUNANYONGZHOUXINTANGCUNTURANGHUANJINGHAO,DANGDINONGMINJIUBAWUWURANDETURANGHUANJINGWEITUODAOSHUCAISHANG,JIANGSHUCAIHE“HUANJING”YIQIMAIDAOLEYUEGANGAO;JISHOUAIKOUCUNJIANGDANGDITESHUDEQIHOU、TUZHIWEITUODAOCHAYESHANG,JIANGCHAYEHE“QIHOU”XIAODAOLEQUANGUO;XIANGXIMAWANGXICUNFAZHANGUANGUANGNONGYE,JIANGTIANYUANFENGGUANGWEITUODAOLESHENGTAICHANYESHANG,YEZHUANDEBOMANPENMAN。

滚球体育  WANGSHENCHUXIANG,SHENGTAIHUANJINGDEBUTONGYAOSUQISHIDOUKEYIZHAODAOXIANGYINGWEITUOPIN。SHANGMIANDELIZIZHONG,NONGMINJIANGTESESHANSHUIWEITUODAOLETESENONGCHANPINSHANG;TONGLI,XIANGCHOUSUIBUHAOJILIANGHUOJIJIA,DANYEKEWEITUODAOGUCUN、GUSHU、GUJING、GUJIANZHUDEMENPIAOSHANG。KEYITUIDUAN,ZHIYOUZHAODAOLEWEITUOPIN,SHEHUISHOUYIBIANKENEIHUA,“LVSHUIQINGSHAN”JIUYOULEYINGLIMOSHI。ERSHENGTAIHUANJINGYIDANNENGDAILAISHOURU,RENMENJIUHUIYOUBAOHUHEGAISHANSHENGTAIHUANJINGDEJIJIXING。

  YAOTEBIEZHICHUDESHI,BIAN“LVSHUIQINGSHAN”WEI“JINSHANYINSHAN”,XUNZHAOWEITUOPINSHIYIFANGMIAN,LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZHENGFUYEYAOJIJIZUOWEI。SHOUXIAN,ZHENGFUYINGJIADADUIXIANGCUNJICHUSHESHIDETOUZI,YAOSHILUQIAOBUTONG,JIBIANSHANZAIQING、SHUIZAILV,YOUKEJINBUQU,“LVSHUIQINGSHAN”YEBUKENENGBIANCHENG“JINSHANYINSHAN”;ZAIYOU,ZHENGFUYINGWEISHENGTAIHUANJINGZIYUANQUEQUAN,TUIDONGSHENGTAIHUANJINGZIYUANBIANZICHAN。

  三点重要结论

  FENXIZHICI,GUNQIUTIYUKEDECHUSANDIANZHONGYAOJIELUN:

  DIYI,BUTONGSHEHUIWENMINGXINGTAIDEXINGCHENG,SHIYOUBUTONGSHIQIXIQUEXINGYAOSUSUOJUEDINGDE。SUIZHEGUNQIUTIYUGUOGONGYEHUAJINRUZHONGHOUQI,RENMENDEXUQIUFASHENGLEXIANZHUBIANHUA,GENGJIAZHUIQIUHUANBAOHESHENGTAI。YOUYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGYIBIANDEYUELAIYUEXIQUE,WUYIXIWEIGUI,YUSHISHISUNHAISHENGTAIHUANJINGDEDAIJIAYUELAIYUEGAO,ZHEIYANGJIUJUEDINGLEGONGYEWENMINGBIXUXIANGSHENGTAIWENMINGZHUANXING。

滚球体育  DIER,BAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJING,GUANJIANZAINEIHUASHEHUICHENGBEN,SHIQIYESIRENCHENGBENYUSHEHUICHENGBENDATIBAOCHIYIZHI。DUICI,BIGUTICHUDEFANGANSHIDUIWURANPAIFANGQIYEZHENGSHUI;ERKESITICHUDEFANGANSHIJIEDINGPAIFANGQUAN,BINGTONGGUOSHICHANGJINXINGPAIFANGQUANJIAOYI。HENMINGXIAN,BIGUFANGANQIANGDIAODESHIYOUZHENGFUXIANPAI,KESIFANGANQIANGDIAODESHIYONGSHICHANGJIZHIXIANPAI。DALIANGDELILUNYANJIUCHENGGUOHESHIJIANJINGYANBIAOMING,YONGSHICHANGJIZHIXIANPAIYAOBIZHENGFUXIANPAIGENGYOUXIAO。

滚球体育  DISAN,GAISHANSHENGTAIHUANJING,ZHONGDIANZAINEIHUASHEHUISHOUYI,JIANLIQISHEHUISHOUYIYUSIRENSHOUYIDEPINGHENGJIZHI。ERJIANGSHEHUISHOUYINEIHUA,BANFASHIWEIBUTONGDESHENGTAIHUANJINGYAOSUZHAODAOWEITUOPIN,BINGSHEJICHUXIANGYINGDEYINGLIMOSHI。TONGSHI,ZHENGFUYINGJIADADUIXIANGCUNJICHUSHESHITOUZI,WEISHENGTAIHUANJINGZIYUANQUEQUAN,TUIDONGSHENGTAIHUANJINGZIYUANBIANZICHAN。

  〔ZUOZHEXIZHONGYANGDANGXIAO(GUOJIAXINGZHENGXUEYUAN)FUXIAOZHANG(FUYUANZHANG)、XIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGYANJIUZHONGXINFUZHUREN〕

   (网络编辑: 毕阳)

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