滚球体育

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通过研读经典提高辩证思维能力

2018-07-15
15 2019-07

09:48

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 中央党校(国家行政学院)习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究中心

  习近平总书记在《求是》2019年第1期发表的重要文章《辩证唯物主义是中国共产党人的世界观和方法论》指出: “学习掌握唯物辩证法的根本方法,不断增强辩证思维能力,提高驾驭复杂局面、处理复杂问题的本领。‘事必有法,然后可成。’滚球体育的事业越是向纵深发展,就越要不断增强辩证思维能力。当前,滚球体育国社会各种利益关系十分复杂,这就要求滚球体育善于处理局部和全局、当前和长远、重点和非重点的关系,在权衡利弊中趋利避害、作出最为有利的战略抉择。”这段话深刻指出了增强辩证思维、提高驾驭全局的战略思维能力的重要意义。而要提高辩证思维能力,最根本在于不断接受马克思主义哲学智慧的滋养,在解放思想和实事求是中努力提升。

  1.加强哲学理论学习,掌握辩证思维的规律

滚球体育  《ZHOUYI》YOUYAN: “XINGERSHANGZHEWEIZHIDAO,XINGERXIAZHEWEIZHIQI。”ZHEXUEHEZIRANKEXUEJUYOUBUTONGDESIWEITEZHENG,ZHEXUESHIZAI“WENDAO”,ZIRANKEXUEZHIZAI“QIUQI”。BIANZHENGSIWEIZUOWEIZHEXUESIWEIDEHEXINNEIRONG,ZHIZAIXUNZHAOWANSHIWANWUBEIHOUDEDUILITONGYIGUANXI,YINCI,TIGAOBIANZHENGSIWEINENGLI,JIUYAOJIAQIANGZHEXUELILUNXUEXI,ZHANGWOBIANZHENGSIWEIDEGUILV,YANGCHENGBIANZHENGSIWEIDEXIGUANHEZIJUE。

  DIYI,TONGGUOZHEXUELILUNDEXUEXI,SHULIWANWU“WUDUBIYOUDUI”DESHIJIEGUAN。ZHENGRU《ZHOUYI》SUOYAN: “YIYINYIYANGZHIWEIDAO。”YOURU《DAODEJING》SUOSHUO: “YOUWUXIANGSHENG,NANYIXIANGCHENG,ZHANGDUANXIANGXING,GAOXIAXIANGQING,YINSHENGXIANGHE,QIANHOUXIANGSUI。”SHIJIESHANGDEWANSHIWANWUDOUSHIHEQIDUILIMIANXIANGDUIERCUNZAIDE,BINGBUCUNZAIDUYIWUERDEJUEDUICUNZAI,YOUSHANGJIUYOUXIA,YOUQIANJIUYOUHOU,YOUSHANJIUYOUE,YOUFUJIUYOUHUO。ZHEISHIBIANZHENGSIWEIDEYIGEJIBENGUILV。ZHANGZAITICHU: “YOUXIANGSIYOUDUI,DUIBIFANQIWEI。”CHENGHAOZHICHU: “TIANDIWANWUZHILI,WUDUBIYOUDUI。JIEZIRANERRAN,FEIYOUANPAIYE。”CHENGYIYESHUO,“TIANDIZHIJIANJIEYOUDUI”,“DAOWUWUDUI,YOUYINZEYOUYANG,YOUSHANZEYOUE,YOUSHIZEYOUFEI,WUYIYIWUSAN”。KEJIAN,CUNZAIZHEDEKEGUANXIANXIANGDOUSHIDUILIXIANGZHENGDE,WANWUDEDUILISHIPUBIANDE、ZIRANDE,BUSHIMOUZHONGANPAIDEJIEGUO。GUNQIUTIYUTONGGUOZHEXUELILUNDEXUEXI,SHOUXIANJIUYAOBAWOBIANZHENGSIWEIZHEIYIJIBENGUILV。

滚球体育  DIER,TONGGUOZHEXUELILUNDEXUEXI,SHULIWANWU“GUYANGBUSHENG,DUYINBUZHANG”DEFAZHANGUAN。《ZHOUYI》YOUYAN: “SHENGSHENGZHIWEIYI。”ZHENGSHIZAIYINYANGDUILIHEZHUANHUADEGUOCHENGZHONG,SHIJIESHANGDEWANSHIWANWUCAINENGGOUSHENGSHENGBUXI。《HUANGDINEIJINGSUWENJIZHU》YOUYAN: “GUFAZHANGYE,ANYINYANGZHIDAO。GUYANGBUSHENG,DUYINBUZHANG。YINZHONGYOUYANG,YANGZHONGYOUYIN。”ERCHENGRENWEI,DUILIZHIJIANCUNZAIZHEBIXIAOCIZHANGDEGUANXI,DUILISHUANGFANGSHIXIANGHUYINGXIANGDE。“WANWUMOBUYOUDUI,YIYINYIYANG,YISHANYIE,YANGZHANGERYINXIAO,SHANZENGEREJIAN。”TAMENRENWEI“XIAOZHANGXIANGYIN,TIANZHILIYE”,“LIBIYOUDUIDAI,SHENGSHENGZHIBENYE”,JIDUILISHIWANWUBIANHUADEGENYUAN。ZHENGSHIZAIXIANGHUDUILIDELIANGGEFANGMIANXIANGSHENGXIANGKE、CIXIAOBIZHANGDEJIAOHUZUOYONGZHONG,WANSHIWANWUDEYISHENGCHENGHEHUIMIE,BUDUANDISHENGZHANGHEBIANHUA。“WUJIBIFAN”,YIGESHIWUDELIANGGEXIANGHUDUILIDEFANGMIAN,ZAIYIDINGDETIAOJIANXIA,DANGQIFAZHANDAOYIDINGDEJIEDUAN,SHUANGFANGKEYIGEZIXIANGQIXIANGFANFANGMIANZHUANHUA。ZHENGRU《DAODEJING》SUOZHICHUDE,“FANZHEDAOZHIDONG”,ZHEISHIBIANZHENGSIWEIDELINGYIGEZHONGYAOGUILV。

滚球体育  DISAN,TONGGUOZHEXUELILUNDEXUEXI,SHULIWANWU“CANCHABUQI”DEMAODUNGUAN。MAODUNSHIPUBIANCUNZAIDE,CUNZAIYUYIQIESHIWUZHIZHONG,GUANCHUANYUYIQIEGUOCHENGSHIZHONG。ERQIE,GUANCHUANYIQIESHIWUQUANGUOCHENGDEMAODUNBUSHIZHENGQIHUAYIDE,ERSHICANCHABUQIDE。TAMENZAISHIWUYUNDONGFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGZUOYONGHEDIWEISHIBUTONGDE,YOUZHUYAOMAODUNYEYOUCIYAOMAODUN,YOUMAODUNDEZHUYAOFANGMIANYEYOUMAODUNDECIYAOFANGMIAN。ZHEIJIUYAOQIUGUNQIUTIYUZAIYUNYONGBIANZHENGSIWEIFENXIHEJIEJUEWENTISHI,YAOZHUAZHUZHUYAOMAODUNHEMAODUNDEZHUYAOFANGMIAN,ZHEIJIUSHI“ZHONGDIANLUN”。TONGSHI,YOUBUNENGGONGQIYIDIANBUJIQIYUDEDANDAYI,YAOJIANGUDAOCIYAOMAODUNHEMAODUNDECIYAOFANGMIAN,CONGERCUJINZHUYAOMAODUNHEMAODUNZHUYAOFANGMIANWENTIDEJIEJUE,ZHEIJIUSHI“LIANGDIANLUN”。“LIANGDIANLUN”SHIYOUZHONGDIANDE“LIANGDIANLUN”,“ZHONGDIANLUN”SHI“LIANGDIANLUN”JICHUSHANGDE“ZHONGDIANLUN”,ZUODAO“ZHONGDIANLUN”HE“LIANGDIANLUN”YOUJITONGYI,ZHEISHIBIANZHENGSIWEIGUILVDEBIRANYAOQIU。

  2.自觉阅读中西哲学经典,接受哲学智慧的滋养

  JINGDIANSHICHAOYUESHIKONGDERENLEIZHIHUI。JINGDIANZHISUOYISHIJINGDIAN,JIUZAIYUTAJINGLILELISHIDEXUANZEHESHIJIANDECHENDIAN,RENLEIDESHENGCUNZHIHUIZAIQIZHONGDEYIBAOCUNHECHUANCHENG。RENLEICHUANGZAOLEBINGQIEZAIBUDUANCHUANGZAOZHEWEIDADEZHIHUI,ZHEIXIEZHIHUIDOUNINGJUZAIJINGDIANZHIZHONG。

滚球体育  DIYI,TONGGUOYUEDUZHONGGUOZHEXUEJINGDIANJIQUDONGFANGZHIHUI,TIGAOBIANZHENGSIWEINENGLI。ZAIZHONGGUOGUDAIZHEXUEZHONG,YOUFENGFUDEBIANZHENGFASIXIANG。ZAOZAIGONGYUANQIAN11SHIJI,RENMENZAITONGZIRANZUODOUZHENGZHONGJILEIDEJINGYANJICHUSHANG,TICHULEYINYANGXUESHUO,YONGXIANGHUDUILIDEYINYANGERQIDEJIAOHUZUOYONGLAISHUOMINGTIANDIWANWUDECHANSHENGHEBIANHUA。LIRU,《YIJING》ZHONGJIANGDE“BAGUA”YIJIYILIANGGUAXIANGDIEYANWEILIUSHISIGUADEXUESHUO,JIUSHICONGZHENGFANLIANGMIANDEMAODUNDUILILAISHUOMINGSHIWUDEBIANHUAHEFAZHAN;《SUNZIBINGFA》TICHULEYIXILIEMAODUNDEGAINIAN,RUQIANGRUO、SHENGBAI、XUSHI、LIHAI、ZHONGGUA、DESHI、ANWEI、GUIJIAN、SHANGFA、LAOYI、YUZHI、QIAOZHUO、SUJIU、XIANYI、DUOSHAODENG,ZHICHU“WUXINGWUHENGSHENG,SISHIWUCHANGLI,RIYOUDUANZHANG,YUEYOUSISHENG”。ZHEIXIEMAODUNDEFANGMIANJUYOUJIDUILIYOUTONGYI,JIHUXIANGPAICHIGEJUXIANGFANDESHUXING,YOUHUXIANGYICUNDEMAODUNGUANXIHEMAODUNYANHUA。LINGWAI,《YICHUAN》《HUANGDINEIJING》《LUNYU》《ZHONGYONG》《HANFEIZI》《MOJING》YIJIZHOUDUNYI、ZHANGZAI、CHENGHAO、CHENGYI、ZHUXI、WANGFUZHIDENGDEJINGDIANZHUSHUZHONGDOUYUNHANZHEFENGFUDEBIANZHENGFASIXIANG,DOUXUYAOGUNQIUTIYUCONGZHONGJIQUBIANZHENGSIWEIDEZHEXUEZHIHUI。

滚球体育  DIER,TONGGUOYUEDUXIFANGZHEXUEJINGDIANJIQUXIFANGZHIHUI,TIGAOBIANZHENGSIWEINENGLI。GUXILADEHELAKELITE、BOLATU、YALISHIDUODEDOUTICHUGUOFENGFUDEBIANZHENGFASIXIANG,《LIXIANGGUO》《XINGERSHANGXUE》DENGZHUZUOZHONG,YIGEZHONGFANGSHIJIESHILESHIWUFAZHANBIANHUADEBIANZHENGGUILV。WENYIFUXINGYUNDONGYIHOU,CONGKANGDEDAOHEIGEER,DEGUOGUDIANZHEXUEBABIANZHENGFASIXIANGTUIXIANGLEYIGEXINDEGAODU。TEBIESHIHEIGEERZAI《LUOJIXUE》《JINGSHENXIANXIANGXUE》《ZIRANZHEXUE》DENGJINGDIANZHUZUOZHONG,BABIANZHENGFAZUOWEITADEZHEXUELILUNTIXIDEJICHU,BUJINBABIANZHENGFAKANZUOYIZHONGSIWEIFANGFA,TONGSHIYOUBABIANZHENGFAZUOWEISHIYONGYUYIQIEXIANXIANGDEPUBIANYUANZE,BASHIWUZISHENDEMAODUNYUNDONGGUILVSHIWEIZHIPEIYIQIESHIWUHEZHENGGEYUZHOUFAZHANDEPUBIANFAZE,XITONGGOUJIANLEYIGEPANGDADEJUEDUIJINGSHENBIANZHENGFAWANGGUO。ZHEIXIEJINGDIANZHUZUOHELUNSHUDOUSHIGUNQIUTIYUTIGAOBIANZHENGSIWEINENGLIYINGGAIRENZHENYUEDUHEJIQUDESIXIANGZIYUAN。

  3.研读马列经典升华境界,不断提高辩证思维能力

  TONGGUOYUEDUMAKESIZHUYIZHEXUEJINGDIANJIQUZHIHUI,TIGAOBIANZHENGSIWEINENGLI。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHU: “MAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZHUZUOBAOHANZHEJINGDIANZUOJIASUOJIQUDERENLEITANSUOZHENLIDEFENGFUSIXIANGCHENGGUO,TIXIANZHEJINGDIANZUOJIAPANDENGKEXUELILUNGAOFENGDEBUXIEZHUIQIUHEJIANXINLICHENG。YUEDUJINGDIANZHUZUO,BENSHENJIUSHIZENGZHANGZHISHI、KAIKUOYANJIE、ZENGJIASIXIANGSHENDUHEXUNLIANSIWEIFANGSHIDEGUOCHENG,JIUSHIPEIYANGGAOZHANYUANZHUDEZHANLVEDONGCHALIHEJIAOTASHIDIDEGONGZUOZUOFENGDEGUOCHENG,HUISHIGUNQIUTIYUZAIQIANYIMOHUAZHONGSHOUDAOTAMENCHONGGAOFENGFANHERENGELILIANGDEXUNTAO,CONGERSHIXIANZIJISIXIANGJINGJIEHEDAODEQINGCAODESHENGHUA。”ZHEISHENKECHANSHULEYUEDUMAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZHUZUODUIYUGUANGDADANGYUANGANBUSHULIZHENGQUEDESHIJIEGUAN、RENSHENGGUANHEJIAZHIGUAN,CONGERTIGAOBIANZHENGSIWEINENGLI,ZHANGWOKEXUEDESIXIANGFANGFAHEGONGZUOFANGFA,JINERZHENGQUEFENXIWENTI、JIEJUEWENTIHETUIDONGGONGZUOSUOJUYOUDEZHONGDAYIYI。LIRU,DUIYUBIANZHENGFADESHIZHI,MAKESIZAI《ZIBENLUN》DI2BANBAWENZHONGZUOCHULEFEICHANGJINGDIANERSHENKEDELUNSHU: “BIANZHENGFAZAIDUIXIANCUNSHIWUDEKENDINGDELIJIEZHONGTONGSHIBAOHANDUIXIANCUNSHIWUDEFOUDINGDELIJIE,JIDUIXIANCUNSHIWUDEBIRANMIEWANGDELIJIE;BIANZHENGFADUIMEIYIZHONGJICHENGDEXINGSHIDOUSHICONGBUDUANDEYUNDONGZHONG,YINERYESHICONGTADEZANSHIXINGFANGMIANQULIJIE;BIANZHENGFABUCHONGBAIRENHEDONGXI,ANQIBENZHILAISHUO,TASHIPIPANDEHEGEMINGDE。”MAKESIENGESIDE《GONGCHANDANGXUANYAN》《DEYIZHIYISHIXINGTAI》《ZIBENLUN》《LUDEWEIXI·FEIERBAHAHEDEGUOGUDIANZHEXUEDEZHONGJIE》DENGJINGDIANLUNZHUZHONGXITONGCHANSHUHESHENGDONGYUNYONGLEZHEIYANGDEBIANZHENGFASIXIANG。HAIYOULIENINGZAI《TANTANBIANZHENGFAWENTI》《ZHEXUEBIJI》ZHONGDUIBIANZHENGFASIXIANGDEXITONGCHANSHU,MAOZEDONGZAI《SHIJIANLUN》《MAODUNLUN》《LUNCHIJIUZHAN》《LUNSHIDAGUANXI》《GUANYUZHENGQUECHULIRENMINNEIBUMAODUNDEWENTI》DENGZHONGYUNYONGBIANZHENGSIWEIFENXIZHONGGUOGEMINGXINGSHI、SHEHUIZHUYIGUNQIUTIYUMIANLINDEXINGSHIYURENWU,QUEDINGZHANLVEFANGZHENFENXIWENTIHEJIEJUEWENTIDEJINGDIANLUNSHU,DOUZHIDEGUNQIUTIYUFANFUYUEDUJIESHOUQIZHIHUIDEZIYANG。

  XIANSHIZHONG,YOUDERENGUBUZIFENG、YINXUNSHOUJIU,SIXIANGHEGONGZUOLUOHOUYUKEGUANXINGSHIDEYAOQIU;YOUDERENBUANKEGUANGUILVBANSHI,JIGONGJINLI,JIYUQIUCHENGSHENZHIMANGAN、XIAGAN;YOUDERENBUXIHUANTINGZHENHUA、SHIHUA,BUYUANYIXIUZHENGCUOWU、ZESHANERCONG,ZHEIXIEXIANXIANGXIANRANDOUSHIWEIBEIWEIWUBIANZHENGFADEJUTIBIAOXIAN,GUIGENJIEDIDOUSHIYINWEIBUYUANHUOZHEBUGANJIANCHIKEGUANBIANZHENGKANDAIWENTI,CONGERBUNENGZUODAOJIEFANGSIXIANG,SHISHIQIUSHI。ZHENGSHIJIYUZHEIYANGDESHENKERENSHI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHU: “LINGDAOGANBUYIDINGYAOJIAQIANGDANGXINGXIUYANG,JIANCHIYIQIEYIRENMINLIYIHEDANGDESHIYEWEIZHONG,ZHEISHIJIANCHISHISHIQIUSHIDESIXIANGJICHU。GANBUGANJIANCHISHISHIQIUSHI,KAOYANZHEGUNQIUTIYUDEZHENGZHILICHANG,KAOYANZHEGUNQIUTIYUDEDAODEPINZHI,SHIZHONGSHILINGDAOGANBUDANGXINGCHUNBUCHUN、QIANGBUQIANGDEYIGEZHONGYAOTIXIAN。YAOZUODAOSHISHIQIUSHI,BUJINYAOYOUZHENGQUEDESIXIANGFANGFAHEGONGZUOFANGFA,HAIBIXUYOUGONGERWANGSIHEBUJIGERENDESHIDEPINGE。SUOYI,LINGDAOGANBUBIXUDAITOUJIAQIANGDANGXINGXIUYANG,DAITOUJIANXINGQUANXINQUANYIWEIRENMINGUNQIUTIYUDEGENBENZONGZHI,WEILERENMINLIYIGANYUJIANCHIZHENLI、XIUZHENGCUOWU,ZIJUEWEIDANGFENYOU、WEIGUOJINZE、WEIMINFENGXIAN,YIJIANQIANGDEDANGXINGLAIBAOZHENGZUODAOSHISHIQIUSHI。”

  ZONGZHI,ZHENGRUXIJINPINGZONGSHUJISUOZHICHUDE: “MAKESIZHUYILICHANGGUANDIANFANGFA,JIESHILEZHENGGEWUZHISHIJIEDEBENZHITEXINGJIRENLEISHEHUIFAZHANDEKEGUANGUILV,CHANMINGLEXIANXIANGYUBENZHI、TESHUYUPUBIAN、JUBUYUZHENGTI、DANGQIANYUZHANGYUANDEBIANZHENGGUANXI,WEIGUNQIUTIYUZHENGQUERENSHIHETUOSHANCHULIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIYEZHONGZHUDUOZHONGDAGUANXI,SHULIQUANJUYANGUANG、TIGAOTONGCHOUNENGLITIGONGLESIXIANGWUQI。GEJILINGDAOGANBUZHIYOURENZHENXUEXIHEZHANGWOMAKESIZHUYILICHANGGUANDIANFANGFA,CAINENGZHANZAIZHANLVEHEQUANJUDEGAODUGUANCHAHECHULIWENTI、CONGZHENGZHISHANGRENSHIHEPANDUANXINGSHI、TOUGUOFENFANFUZADEBIAOMIANXIANXIANGBAWOSHIWUDEBENZHIHEFAZHANDENEIZAIGUILV,CAINENGSHIYEKAIKUO、XIONGJINBODA,JINGENSHIDAIQIANJINBUFA,CAINENGJIZHUAZHUZHONGDIANYOUTONGCHOUJIANGU,JILIZUDANGQIANYOUFANGYANZHANGYUAN,JISHUXIGUOQINGYOUBAWOSHIQING,KEFUHEBIMIANZHIJIANXIANXIANGBUJIANBENZHI、ZHIJIANSHUMUBUJIANSENLINYIJIJIGONGJINLI、MUGUANGDUANQIANDENGXIANXIANG,BUDUANTISHENGZHANLVESIWEINENGLI。”

滚球体育  (ZHIBI: DONGZHENHUA)

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