滚球体育

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以系统性策略防范系统性金融风险

2018-04-30
30 2019-04

09:23

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 中央党校(国家行政学院)习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究中心

  XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHU,“FANGFANHUAJIEJINRONGFENGXIANTEBIESHIFANGZHIFASHENGXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIAN,SHIJINRONGGONGZUODEGENBENXINGRENWU”。FENGXIANYUJINRONGXIANGBANERSHENG,SUIZHEGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINRONGYEFAZHANZHUANGDA,FENGXIANZHONGLEIZENGDUO,FUZAXINGZENGQIANG,FENGXIANHOUGUOYEGENGJIAYANZHONG,YAOQIESHIANZHAOXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIDEYAOQIU,BAZHUDONGFANGFANHUAJIEXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANFANGZAIGENGJIAZHONGYAODEWEIZHI,JIANJUESHOUZHUBUFASHENGXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANDEDIXIAN。

  什么是系统性金融风险

  YIBANERYAN,SUOWEIXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANZHUYAOSHIZHIDANGEJINRONGSHIJIANRUJINRONGJIGOUDAOBI、ZHAIWUWEIYUE、JINRONGJIAGEBODONGDENGYINQIZHENGGEJINRONGTIXIDEWEIJI,BINGDAOZHIJINGJIHESHEHUIFULIZAOSHOUZHONGDASUNSHIDEFENGXIAN。RUGUOYIGEJINRONGSHIJIANQUESHIYINQILEJINRONGTIXIDEXITONGXINGWEIJI,NEIMEQIBIYAODEGUOCHENGKENENGBAOKUOYIXIAJIBU: DIYI,TAKENENGKAISHIYUJINRONGCHANPINSHICHANGJIAGEDEXIADIEHUOZHEMOUGEJINRONGJIGOUYICIJIAOYIXINGWEIDESHIBAI;DIER,JINRONGCHANPINSHICHANGJIAGEDEXIADIEXUNSUBOJIQITASHICHANGHEQITAGUOJIA;DISAN,JINRONGSHICHANGJIAGEDEXIADIEYINQIYIJIAHUODUOJIAJINRONGJIGOUDAOBI;DISI,JINRONGJIGOUDAOBIYINQIYINXINGHEZHIFUTIXIDEWEIJI;DIWU,RUGUOWEIJIWUFAKONGZHI,ZUIZHONGHUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGSHITIJINGJI。ZHEIJIGEGUOCHENGKENENGXUNXUJIANJINFASHENG,YEKENENGBICIJIAOCHACHUXIAN。

滚球体育  LIJIEXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANHAIXUYAOBAWOYIXIAJIDIAN: DIYI,XITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANBUSHIZHIRENHEYIGEDANYIJINRONGJIGOUDEDAOBIFENGXIANHUOZHEDANYIJINRONGSHICHANGDEBODONGFENGXIAN,SHIJIYUQUANJUSHIJIAOYINGXIANGZHENGGEJINRONGXITONGWENDINGDEFENGXIAN。YINCI,BUYAOBADANYIFENGXIANSHIJIANHUOJUBUFASHENGDEJINRONGFENGXIANJIEDINGWEIXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIAN。DIER,SUIZHEJINRONGJIGOU、JINRONGSHICHANGZHIJIANLIANDONGXINGZENGQIANG,RENHEYIGEWEIXIAODEJINRONGFENGXIANDOUKENENGTONGGUOJINRONGTIXIDEFUZAWANGLUODUIQITAJIGOUHUOSHICHANGCHANSHENGYINGXIANG,JINERYINFAXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIAN,JIUXIANG“HUDIEXIAOYING”。YINCI,YAOGAODUZHONGSHIDANYIFENGXIANHUOJUBUFENGXIANDECHUZHI,ZAOSHIBIEZAOCHULI,FANGZHIDANYIFENGXIANHUOJUBUFENGXIANYANHUAWEIXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIAN。DISAN,XITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANJUYOUJIAOQIANGDEFUWAIBUXING,JINRONGFENGXIANHUICONGYIGEJIGOU、SHICHANGHUOJINRONGXITONGXIANGLINGYIGECHUANBO,YINFAXITONGXINGDESHICHANGZHENDANG,CONGERYINGXIANGDAOJIHUSUOYOUDEJINRONGJIGOUHESHICHANGNAIZHISHITIJINGJI。ZHEIYIWEIZHEDANGEJINRONGJIGOUDAOBIDECHENGBENZUIZHONGHUIYOUJINRONGXITONGDESUOYOUCANYUZHEGONGTONGCHENGDAN。

  高度重视防止系统性金融风险

  FANGZHIXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANSHIGUANGUOJIAANQUAN、FAZHANANQUAN、RENMINCAICHANANQUAN。JINRONGSHIXIANDAIJINGJIDEHEXIN,JINRONGHUO,JINGJIHUO;JINRONGWEN,JINGJIWEN。YIDANJINRONGTIXIFASHENGXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIAN,JINGJIFAZHANNAIZHISHEHUIWENDINGHEGUOJIAANQUANDOUJIANGSHOUDAOYANZHONGCHONGJI,JIRENMINCAICHANZAOCHENGZHONGDASUNSHI。LISHISHANGHENDUOGUOJIAJIUCENGJINGYINXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANERYINGXIANGFAZHANJINCHENG。RU,20SHIJI50NIANDAI—60NIANDAI,LAMEIGUOJIAJINGJIGAOSUZENGZHANG,BEIYUWEI“LAMEIQIJI”,DANJINRU80NIANDAI,LAMEIGUOJIAFASHENGLEYANZHONGDEZHAIWUWEIJI,JINGJIZENGZHANGTINGZHI,XIANRU“ZHONGDENGSHOURUXIANJING”。YOURU,20SHIJI90NIANDAICHU,RIBENFASHENGDEJINRONGWEIJIJIRIBENZAOCHENGLEZHONGDASUNSHI。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIKUAISUZENGZHANG,ZONGHEGUOLIDAFUZENGQIANG,RENMINQUNZHONGCAIFUDAFUZENGJIA。JINTIAN,GUNQIUTIYUBILISHISHANGRENHESHIQIDOUGENGJIEJIN、GENGYOUXINXINHENENGLISHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEMUBIAO。DANGCIZHISHI,GENGYAOJIQUQITAGUOJIADEJIAOXUN,TEBIEGUANZHUJINRONGFENGXIANYOUQISHIXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIAN,FANGZHIQIZHONGDUANGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIFAZHANDELIANGHAOSHITOU,BINGJINERYINGXIANGZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEJINCHENG。

  CONGXIANSHIKAN,GAIGEKAIFANGTEBIESHIDANGDESHIBADAYILAI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINRONGFAZHANQUDELELISHIXINGCHENGJIU,JINRONGGAIGEKAIFANGYOUXUTUIJIN,JINRONGZICHANZONGLIANGJUDA,JINRONGJIGOUHUOLIZENGQIANG,JINRONGSHICHANGFAZHANZHUANGDA,JINRONGCHANPINRIQUFENGFU,JINRONGCHUANGXINCHIXUTUIJIN,JINRONGJIANGUANBUDUANGAIJIN。JINRONGFAZHANTIGAOLEJINRONGZAIXIANDAIJINGJIZHONGDEDIWEIHEZUOYONG,DANYESHIJINRONGTIXIRIYIFUZA,JINRONGFENGXIANSHULIANGZENGDUO、ZHONGLEIDUOYUAN,XITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANFASHENGDEKENENGXINGZENGJIA。BIRU,JINRONGTIXIZHONGGANGGANLVGUOGAO、BULIANGZICHANDENGFENGXIANDOUBURONGXIAOSHI。YIDANZHEIXIEFENGXIANZAIDIANSHANGHUOMIANSHANGBAOFA,DOUKENENGYINFAXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIAN,JINERNIANGCHENGJINGJIJINRONGWEIJI。WEICIYAOGAODUZHONGSHIDUIZHEIXIEFENGXIANDEGENZONGJIANCE,QIESHICAIQUCUOSHICHUZHIBUFENFENGXIANDIAN,JIANGDIDIANSHANGDEFENGXIANYANBIANWEIXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANDEKENENGXING,JIANJUESHOUZHUBUFASHENGXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANDEDIXIAN。

  防止系统性金融风险必须系统应对

  JINRONGFENGXIANDEXITONGXINGYAOQIUGUNQIUTIYUZAIFANGFANDUICESHANGYEYAOXITONGYINGDUI。YAOANZHAOYIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGDEBUSHU,JIANCHIDANGZHONGYANGDUIJINRONGGONGZUOJIZHONGTONGYILINGDAO,YISHITIJINGJIJIANKANGFAZHANWEIJICHU,ZHELISHENHUAJINRONGGAIGE,JIAQIANGJINRONGJIANGUAN,QIANGHUAANQUANNENGLIGUNQIUTIYU。

  YISHIJIANCHIDANGZHONGYANGDUIJINRONGGONGZUODEJIZHONGTONGYILINGDAO。YIDUANSHIJIANYILAI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINRONGLINGYUDEYIXIEBUMENHEXINGYEZHISUOYICHUXIANWENTIHEFENGXIAN,YIGEZHONGYAOYUANYINSHIDANGDELINGDAORUOHUA、DANGDEGUNQIUTIYUQUESHI。YINCI,BIXUJIAQIANGJINRONGXITONGDANGDELINGDAOHEDANGDEGUNQIUTIYU,JIANJUEGUANCHELUOSHIYIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGDUIJINRONGGONGZUODEZHONGDAJUECEBUSHU,QUEBAOJINRONGGAIGEFAZHANDEZHENGQUEFANGXIANG,QUEBAOGUOJIAJINRONGANQUAN。TIGAODANGLINGDAOJINRONGGONGZUODEZHUANYEHUANENGLI,JIANCHIDANGGUANGANBUYUANZE,PEIYANGYIZHIZHENGZHIGUOYING、BENLINGGAOQIANG、FENGXIANGUANLINENGLITUCHUDEJINRONGGANBUDUIWU。JIAQIANGLIXIANGXINNIANJIAOYUHEDANGXINGJIAOYU,JIAQIANGDANGFENGLIANZHENGGUNQIUTIYU。ZHEISHIZUOHAOJINRONGGONGZUO,SHOUZHUBUFASHENGXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANDIXIANDEZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG。

  ERSHIFAZHANZHUANGDASHITIJINGJI。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHICHU,“SHITIJINGJIJIANKANGFAZHANSHIFANGFANHUAJIEFENGXIANDEJICHU”。YAOJIANCHIYIGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGEWEIZHUXIAN,DALITUIDONGSHITIJINGJIJIANKANGFAZHAN,ZAI“GONGGU、ZENGQIANG、TISHENG、CHANGTONG”BAGEZISHANGXIAGONGFU,SHENHUAGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGE。YAOJIAKUAITAOTAILUOHOUCHANNENG,DALIFAZHANXINXINGCHANYE,TUIDONGHULIANWANG、DASHUJU、RENGONGZHINENGTONGSHITIJINGJISHENDURONGHE。YAOTUIDONGZHIZAOYEGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN,JIADAJISHUCHUANGXINTOURU,CAIQUYOUXIAOCUOSHITUIDONGZHIZAOYEQIYECHUANGXINFAZHAN,TIGAOQIYECHUANGXINLIHEJINGZHENGLI。TONGSHIYAOCHULIHAOSHITIJINGJIHEXUNIJINGJIDEGUANXI,CAIQUYOUXIAODECUOSHIFANGZHIZIJIN“TUOSHIXIANGXU”,YINDAOZIYUANYAOSUXIANGSHITIJINGJIJIJU。

  SANSHISHENHUAJINRONGTIZHIGAIGE。YAOWENBUTUIJINLILV、HUILVSHICHANGHUAGAIGE,FAHUISHICHANGZAIJINRONGZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGDEJUEDINGXINGZUOYONG。YAOJIXUTUIJINJINRONGJIGOUGAIGE,WANSHANXIANDAIJINRONGQIYEZHIDU,WANSHANGONGSIFARENZHILIJIEGOU,JIANLIYOUXIAODEJILIYUESHUJIZHI,QIANGHUAFENGXIANNEIKONGJIZHIGUNQIUTIYU,JIAQIANGWAIBUSHICHANGYUESHU,ZHAHAOFANGFANHUAJIEJINRONGFENGXIANDEDIYIDAOFANGXIAN。YAOJIAKUAIGUNQIUTIYUYIGEGUIFAN、TOUMING、KAIFANG、YOUHUOLI、YOURENXINGDEDUOCENGCIZIBENSHICHANG,TIGAOZHIJIERONGZIBIZHONG,YOUHUAJINRONGTIXIJIEGOU。

滚球体育  SISHIJIANQUANJINRONGJIANGUANTIXI。XITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANXUYAOXITONGXINGJINRONGJIANGUAN,YAOJIAQIANGHUOBIZHENGCEHEJINRONGJIANGUANZHIJIANDEXIEDIAO,JIAQIANGBUTONGJIANGUANBUMENZHIJIANDEJIANGUANXIEDIAO,FANGZHIJIANGUANTAOLI、JIANGUANKONGBAIKENENGYINFADEFENGXIAN。CHONGFENFAHUIZHONGYANGHEDIFANGLIANGGEJIJIXING,MINGQUEDIFANGZHENGFUWEIHUJINRONGWENDINGDEZHIZE。JIAQIANGHEGUOJIJIANGUANJIGOUYIJIQITAGUOJIAJINRONGJIANGUANJIGOUZHIJIANDEXIEDIAO,FANGZHIWAIBUJINRONGDONGDANGYINFAXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIAN。YAOQIANGHUARENYUANGUANLI,GUANZHUJINRONGJIGOUZHONGDEGUANJIANSHAOSHU;YAOQIANGHUAZIJINGUANLI,SHISUOYOUZIJINLIUDONGDOUZHIYUJINRONGJIANGUANJIGOUDESHIYEZHINEI。

  WUSHIQIANGHUAANQUANNENGLIGUNQIUTIYU。JIAQIANGDUIXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANDEYANJIU,ZHUNQUEBAWOXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANDEYANHUAGUILV。JIAKUAIJINRONGSHICHANGJICHUSHESHIGUNQIUTIYU,QUEBAOJINRONGJICHUSHESHIWENDINGKEKONG。ZUOHAOJINRONGYEZONGHETONGJI,ZUODAODUIZHONGDAFENGXIANXINZHONGYOUSHU。JIAQIANGRENYUANPEIXUN,TIGAOJINRONGXINGYEZHONGYAOGANGWEIRENYUANFANGKONGFENGXIANDENENGLI。YAONULIGOUJIANXITONGXINGJINRONGFENGXIANFANGKONGTIXI,JIANLIGUANCHUANFENGXIANSHIBIE、FENGXIANPINGGU、FENGXIANJIANCE、FENGXIANKONGZHI、FENGXIANCHUZHIDEQUANLIUCHENGFENGXIANFANGKONGTIXI,ZHENGQUSHIXIANZAOSHIBIE、ZAOYUJING、ZAOFAXIAN、ZAOCHUZHI。

  (ZHIBI: CHENQIQING)

(网络编辑: 金秋)

 

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