滚球体育

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中国实施积极财政政策的目标取向

2018-04-16
16 2019-04

09:09

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 王东京

  GUNQIUTIYUGUOZI1998NIANSHISHIJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEYILAI,BUJINCHENGGONGDIYINGDUILEYAZHOUJINRONGWEIJIHEMEIGUOCIDAIWEIJIDECHONGJI,ERQIEYOUXIAODITUIDONGLEJIEGOUDIAOZHENGSHENGJI。ZHONGYANGJINGJIGONGZUOHUIYIQIANGDIAO,2019NIANJIJIDECAIZHENGZHENGCEYAOJIALITIXIAO。KEZHIJINRENMENDUIJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEDELIJIEBINGBUYIZHI: YOURENJIANGJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEDENGTONGYUKUOZHANGXINGCAIZHENGZHENGCE,YEYOURENJIANGGUNQIUTIYUGUODEJIEGOUXINGJIANSHUIDENGTONGYUGONGJIXUEPAIDEJIANSHUI。ZHONGGUOSHISHIJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEDEMUBIAOQUXIANGJIUJINGWEIHE?GUNQIUTIYUJIANGCONGSANGEFANGMIANJIUCIWENTIJINXINGTAOLUN。

  着力点在供给侧而非需求侧

滚球体育  JIJICAIZHENGZHENGCESHICONGGONGJICEFALI,TONGGUOGAISHANJIEGOUGENGHAODIMANZUXUQIU,JINERLADONGXUQIU。

  JINGJIXUEJIATONGCHANGJIANGCAIZHENGZHENGCEFENWEIKUOZHANG、ZHONGXING、JINSUODENGSANZHONGLEIXING,“JIJICAIZHENGZHENGCE”SHIYOUZHONGGUOZHENGFUZUIZAOTICHU,XIFANGJINGJIXUEJIAOKESHULIMEIYOUZHEIGAINIAN。YIGESHIQIYILAI,BUSHAORENJIANGJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEDENGTONGYUKUOZHANGXINGCAIZHENGZHENGCE。ZHEIKANFAXIANRANSHIBUDUIDE: KUOZHANGXINGCAIZHENGZHENGCELIZUYUXUQIUCE,ZHIZAIKUOXUQIU;ERJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEZEZHELIYUGONGJICE,MUDESHIGAISHANHETUIJINGONGJI。

  GUNQIUTIYUZHIDAO,SHANGSHIJI30NIANDAIQIAN,JINGJIXUEJIASUOTUICHONGDESHI“CAIZHENGJIANQUANYUANZE”,ZHUZHANGZHENGFUYISHOUDINGZHI,CAIZHENGBUDELIECHIZI,ERQIENIANDUYUSUANYAOPINGHENG。1929NIANZHI1933NIANXIFANGGUOJIAFASHENGJINGJIDAXIAOTIAOHOU,ZHENGFUWEILECIJITOUZI,CAIZHENGKAIZHIJUZENG,DAOZHIZHENGFUYUSUANPUBIANCHUXIANLECHIZI。1936NIAN,KAIENSIDE《JIUYE、LIXIHEHUOBITONGLUN》CHUBAN,YOUCONGLILUNSHANGWEICHIZIYUSUANTIGONGLEZHICHENG。

  SHANGSHIJI40NIANDAI,MEIGUOJINGJIXUEJIAHANSENTICHULE“BUCHANGXINGCAIZHENGZHENGCE”,ZHUZHANGCAIZHENGZHENGCEYINGGAIJIAOTIKUOZHANGHUOJINSUO。ZAIJINGJIXIAOTIAOQI,CAIYONGKUOZHANGXINGCAIZHENGZHENGCE,KUODAZHENGFUKAIZHI,ZENGJIASHEHUIZONGXUQIU;ZAIJINGJIFANRONGQI,CAIYONGJINSUOXINGCAIZHENGZHENGCE,SUOJIANZHENGFUKAIZHI,JIANGDISHEHUIZONGXUQIU。HANSENZHICHU,SUIRANJINGJIXIAOTIAOQICAIZHENGYOUCHIZI,DANJINGJIFANRONGQICAIZHENGYOUYINGYU,YONGHOUZHEYINGYUMIBUQIANZHEDECHIZI,CONGZHENGGEJINGJIZHOUQIKAN,CAIZHENGYUSUANSHIPINGHENGDE。

滚球体育  KEYIKANCHU,WULUNKAIENSIDEKUOZHANGXINGCAIZHENGZHENGCEHAISHIHANSENDEBUCHANGXINGCAIZHENGZHENGCE,ZHONGDIANDOUZAIXUQIUGUANLI。ERGUNQIUTIYUGUOSHISHIDEJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCE,ZHONGDIANQUEZAIGONGJIGUANLI。ZHEILIYOUGEWENTIXIANGWENDUZHE: 1998NIANGUNQIUTIYUGUOSHISHIJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEWEIHEYAOXUANZETOUZIJICHUSHESHI?YEXUNIHUISHUO,DANGSHIJICHUSHESHISHIGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIDEDUANBAN。BUCUO,NEISHIZHENGFUTOUZIJICHUSHESHIDEQUESHIWEILEBUDUANBAN。KEBUDUANBANSHIGONGJIGUANLIHAISHIXUQIUGUANLINI?NIHUIDASHIGONGJIGUANLIDUIBUDUI?

滚球体育  ZAIKANJINNIANDE《ZHENGFUGONGZUOBAOGAO》,DUIJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEJIALITIXIAOTICHULESIXIANGJUCUO: SHIDUTIGAOCHIZILV;GENGDAGUIMOJIANSHUI,JIANCHIPUHUIXINGJIANSHUIYUJIEGOUXINGJIANSHUIBINGJU;YOUHUACAIZHENGZHICHUJIEGOU;YOUXIAOFAHUIDIFANGZHENGFUZHAIQUANZUOYONG,FANGFANHUAJIEDIFANGZHENGFUZHAIWUFENGXIAN。

  HAOWUYIWEN,YISHANGSIXIANGJUCUODOUSHIJIEGOUFANGMIANDECUOSHI。YOUCIJIAN,GUNQIUTIYUGUOSHISHIDEJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEQUESHIBUTONGYUKAIENSIHEHANSENDEZHENGCEZHUZHANG,QIZHELIDIANCEZHONGYUGONGJIDUAN。SUIRANSHISHIJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEKEGUANSHANGYEYOUKUODAXUQIUDEXIAOGUO,DANMUBIAOQUXIANGQUESHIZHENDUIJIEGOUERBUSHIZONGLIANG。SHUODEJUTIXIE: JIJICAIZHENGZHENGCESHICONGGONGJICEFALI,TONGGUOGAISHANJIEGOUGENGHAODIMANZUXUQIU,JINERLADONGXUQIU。

  JINYIBUFENXI,YIGUOJINGJIXIEDIAOFAZHANBUJINXUYAOZONGLIANGPINGHENG,GENGXUYAOJIEGOUPINGHENG。ZONGLIANGPINGHENGBUYIDINGBAOZHENGJIEGOUPINGHENG,DANJIEGOUPINGHENGQUEYOUZHUYUZONGLIANGPINGHENG。JUDAJIASHUXIDELIZI,QIANXIENIANGUONEIKUCUNZENGJIA,CHANNENGYANZHONGGUOSHENG,CONGZONGLIANGKANSHUOMINGGUONEIXUQIUBUZU;KETONGSHIGUONEIXIAOFEIZHEQUESHEJINQIUYUANGOUMAIDALIANGJINGWAISHANGPIN。HEYIRUCI?ZHENSHIDEYUANYIN,SHIGUONEIGONGXUJIEGOUSHIHENG。RUGUOGONGJIJIEGOUNENGSHIYINGXUQIUBIANHUA,GUONEIXUQIUJIUHUIZENGJIA。ZHENGSHIZAICIYIYISHANG,GUNQIUTIYUSHUOTUIDONGGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGEYESHIKUONEIXU。

  主要手段是减税而非发债

  DUIDIAOJIEGOULAIJIANG,KUODAZHENGFUTOUZIBURUKUODAQIYETOUZI。KUODAQIYETOUZI,ZHENGFUJIUDEJIANSHUI。ZHENGFUJIASHUIBURUFAZHAI,FAZHAIBURUJIANSHUI。

  QIANMIANYIJINGFENXIGUO,ZHENGFUSHISHIJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCESHIWEILECONGGONGJICEZHICHIDIAOJIEGOU。ERDUIZHENGFUKUODATOUZILAISHUO,YOULIANGZHONGFANGFA,YISHICHIZIYUSUAN(FAXINGGONGZHAI);ERSHIJIAZHENGSHUISHOU。ZHEILIXUYAOTAOLUNDESHI,ZHENGFUFAZHAIYUJIASHUIDEXIAOGUOYOUHEQUBIE?HUOZHESHUOZHENGFUZAIFAZHAIYUJIASHUIZHIJIANYINGGAIZUOZENYANGDEXUANZE?YAOHUIDAZHEIGEWENTI,RANGGUNQIUTIYUXIANCONGJINGJIXUESHUOSHISHANGDEYIZHUANGGONGANSHUOQI。

  19SHIJICHU,NAPOLUNHUISHINANBEI、HENGSAOOUZHOU,WEILEGONGTONGDUIKANGFAGUO,YINGGUOZUJIANLEDISICIFANFALIANMENG。WEIZHICHIMENGJUN,YINGGUOMEINIANXUDUIWAIYUANZHUJUEJUNFEI。WEIRAORUHECHOUCUOJUNFEI,DANGSHIYINGGUOGUOHUIZHANKAILEJILIEDEBIANLUN。JIAODIANZAIYU,JUNFEISHITONGGUOJIASHUICHOUCUOHAISHITONGGUOFAZHAICHOUCUO?YIMAERSASIWEIDAIBIAODEYIPAILIZHUFAZHAI;ERYILIJIATUWEIDAIBIAODELINGYIPAIZEZHUZHANGJIASHUI。

  MAERSASIFENXISHUO,MEINIANJUNYUANRUOXU2000WANYINGBANG,YINGGUOPINGJUNMEIRENXUJUANNA100YINGBANG。RUOCAIYONGJIASHUIFANGSHI,JUMINMEIRENJIUDECONGZIJISHOURUZHONGJIEYUE100YINGBANG,ZHEIWUYIHUIJIANSHAOGUONEIXIAOFEI,DAOZHIJINGJIJINSUO。DANRUGUOXUANZEFAZHAI,YOUYUGUOZHAIDANGNIANWUXUHAIBEN,JUMINMEIRENZHIXUZHIFUZHEI100YINGBANGDELIXI,RUONIANLILVWEI5%,ZEZHENGFUZHIXUXIANGMEIRENZENGJIA5YINGBANGDESHUISHOU。RUCI,JUMINXIAOFEIKEDATIBAOCHIBUBIAN。

  LIJIATURENWEI,FAXINGGONGZHAIYUJIASHUIDEQUBIE,JINZAIYUGONGZHAIYAOCHANGFULIXI。ZHENGFURUOBUXUANZEJIASHUI,JUMINDANGNIANSUIBUBIJIAO100YINGBANGDESHUI,DANZHENGFUJIUDEFAXING2000WANYINGBANGDEGUOZHAI,ERGUOZHAIZUIZHONGYAOKAOZHENGSHUICHANGHAI,NEIMELAINIANJIUDEDUOZHENG2000WANYINGBANGDESHUI。ZHENGYINWEIJINTIANDEGUOZHAISHIMINGTIANDESHUI,YUSHILIJIATUTUILUNSHUO,WEILEYINGFURIHOUYAOJIAZHENGDESHUISHOU,RENMENBUDEBUTIQIANCHUXU,JIEGUOYEHUILINGJUMINXIAOFEIJIANSHAO。

  DUILIJIATUDEFENXI,YEYOUBUSHAOJINGJIXUEJIABUZANCHENG。YOUXUEZHEFANBOSHUO,JIARUOZHENGFUFAXINGDEBUSHIDUANQIGUOZHAIERSHIZHANGQIGUOZHAI,JUMINDANGQIANXIAOFEIJIUBUKENENGJIANSHAO。YINWEIZHANGQIGUOZHAICHANGHAIYOUXIANGDUIZHANGDEYANFUQI,ERMEIGERENDOUBUHUIZHANGSHENGBULAO,YAOSHIRENMENYISHIDAOSIWANGKEYITAOBIJIANGLAIDESHUIFU,TAMENZENHUIYASUODANGQIANXIAOFEINI?ERQIEHAIYOUXUEZHEYONGXIAOFEIXINDAIZUOLIZHENG,ZHENGMINGLIJIATUDEGUANDIANBUCHENGLI。

滚球体育  1974NIAN,MEIGUOJINGJIXUEJIABALUOFABIAO《ZHENGFUZHAIQUANSHIJINGCAIFUMA》YIWENWEILIJIATUDEGUANDIANZUOBIANHU。TAZHICHU: YOUYURENLEIJUYOUGUANHUAIHOUDAIDEDONGJI,SUOYIZAITONGCHANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,RENMENDUIJIANGLAIDESHUIFUWANGWANGNINGYUANZIJICHENGDANYEBUHUITUIJIHOUDAI,JIBIANYOURENZHIDAOZIJIHUOBUDAOCHANGHAIGUOZHAIDENEIYITIAN,YEHUIJIANSHAOZIJIDEKAIZHIERWEIHOUDAIXIANJIANG100YINGBANGCHUXUQILAI。JIRUCI,FAZHAIYUJIASHUIBINGWUSHIZHIQUBIE,LIANGZHEJIEHUIJIANSHAOXIANQIXIAOFEI。

  LIJIATUYUBALUODETUILUN,JINGJIXUECHENGWEI“LIJIATU—BALUODENGJIADINGLI”。GUNQIUTIYUDEKANFA,RUOZHENGFUZHISHIYICIXINGFAZHAI,CIDINGLIWUYISHIDUIDE;DANRUOBUSHIYICIXINGFAZHAIERSHICHIXUFAZHAI,GAIDINGLIWEIBICHENGLI。YINWEICHIXUFAZHAIZHENGFUKEYIYONGXINZHAIHAIJIUZHAI,WUXULIJIJIASHUI;ERZHENGFUBUJIASHUI,YEJIUBUHUIJIANSHAOJUMINDANGQIXIAOFEI。XIANGXIANGYINXINGBA。YINXINGXISHOUCUNKUANQISHIYESHIXIANGCHUHUFAZHAI,CUNKUANDAOQIXUHAIBENFUXI,KEYINXINGWEIHENENGJIANGCUNKUANYONGYUDAIKUAN?YUANYINSHIYINXINGCHIXUXICHU,KEYIYONGXINCUNKUANCHANGHAIJIUCUNKUAN。

  JUCIFENXI,ZHENGFUYAOKUODATOUZI,JIASHUIBURUFAZHAI。RUGUOZAIXIANGSHENYICENG,BIRUBAQIYETOUZIJIAJINLAIKAOLV,JIANGZHENGFUTOUZIYUQIYETOUZIZUOBIJIAO,CAIZHENGZHENGCEYINGGAIZENYANGANPAI?YOUYIDIANKEYIKENDING,ZHENGFUFAZHAIHUOZHEJIASHUIHUIJIZHANQIYETOUZI,ERJIANSHUIQUEZAIZENGJIAQIYETOUZIDETONGSHIHUIJIANSHAOZHENGFUTOUZI。YEJIUSHISHUO,ZHENGFUTOUZIYUQIYETOUZIHUIHUWEIXIAOZHANG。KEWENTISHIZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,ZHENGFUZAIFAZHAI、JIASHUI、JIANSHUIZHIJIANYOUGAIRUHEQUSHENI?

  CONGJINGJIXUEDEJIAODUKAN,QIYEJISHISHENGCHANZHUTI,YESHISHICHANGZHUTI。YUZHENGFUXIANGBI,QIYEDUISHICHANGXINHAOFANYINGGENGMINGAN,ZHEIYANGDUIDIAOJIEGOULAIJIANG,KUODAZHENGFUTOUZIJIUBURUKUODAQIYETOUZI。ERYAOKUODAQIYETOUZI,ZHENGFUJIUBIXUJIANSHUI。RUOJIANGCIYINSHENDAOZHENGCECENGMIAN,KEDECHUDEJIELUNSHI: ZHENGFUJIASHUIBURUFAZHAI,FAZHAIBURUJIANSHUI。JUGONGBUDESHUJU: JINNIANANPAIDEYUSUANCHIZIJINBIQUNIANGAO0.2%,ERJIANQINGSHUIFEIJIN2WANYIYUAN,ZHEIZHENGHAOZUOZHENGLESHANGMIANDEJIELUN。

  重点是结构性减税而非全面减税

  ZHONGGUODEJIANSHUIBUTONGYUGONGJIXUEPAIDEJIANSHUI。GUNQIUTIYUSHISHIJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEXUYAOJIANSHUI,DANZHONGDIANSHIJIEGOUXINGJIANSHUI。

  JIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEDEZHUYAOSHOUDUANSHIJIANSHUI,DANQUEYOUBUTONGYUGONGJIXUEPAIDEJIANSHUI。GONGJIXUEPAIJIANSHUIDELILUNGENJUSHI“LAFUQUXIAN”。CIQUXIANSHUO: DANGSHUILVDIYUYIDINGXIANDU,TIGAOSHUILVNENGZENGJIAZHENGFUSHUISHOU;DANRUOCHAOGUOZHEIYIXIANDU,TIGAOSHUILVFANERHUIJIANSHAOZHENGFUSHUISHOU。DUIGEZHONGYUANYINLAFUDEJIESHISHI,GUOGAODESHUILVHUIYIZHIJINGJIZENGZHANG,LINGSHUIJISUOXIAO,ERSHUIJIJIANSHAOZHENGFUSHUISHOUHUIJIANSHAO;XIANGFAN,DANGSHUILVGUOGAOSHI,JIANSHUIZEKECIJIJINGJIZENGZHANG,SHUIJIKUODA,ZHENGFUSHUISHOUHUIZENGJIA。

  YAOZHICHUDESHI,LAFUZHUZHANGDEJIANSHUISHIQUANMIANJIANSHUI,ERSHIXINGQUANMIANJIANSHUIZAICAOZUOCENGMIANZHISHAOYOULIANGGENANDIAN: YISHIZUIJIASHUILVRUHEQUEDING;ERSHISHUILVGAOGUOZUIJIASHUILVHOUJIANSHUISHIFOUYIDINGNENGZENGJIASHUISHOU。GUANYUZUIJIASHUILVDEQUEDING,LAFUCENGFENXISHUO: DANGSHUILVWEILINGSHI,ZHENGFUSHUISHOUSHILING;DANGSHUILVWEI100%SHI,ZHENGFUSHUISHOUYESHILING,GUZUIJIASHUILVZAILINGYU100%ZHIJIAN。KEZAILINGYU100%ZHIJIANJUTIZENYANGQUEDINGLAFUQUEMEISHUO,QISHIBUSHITABUXIANGSHUO,ERSHITAYESHUOBUQINGCHU。

  YIGEGUOJIADESHUIFUSHUIPING,SHIZHISHUISHOUZONGEZAIGDPZHONGDEZHANBI。JUXIANGGUANGUOJIZUZHIDUI47GEGUOJIAHEDIQUHONGGUANSHUIFUSHUIPINGDECESUAN,2008NIAN23GEFADAGUOJIADESHUIFUSHUIPINGPINGJUNWEI27.7%,ZUIGAOWEI47.1%,ZUIDIWEI14.6%;ER24GEFAZHANZHONGGUOJIAPINGJUNWEI22.7%,ZUIGAOWEI37.7%,ZUIDIWEI16%。GEGUOCHAYIRUCIZHIDA,KONGPASHEIYEBUZHIDAOZUIJIASHUILVSHIDUOSHAO?WENTIZAIYU,BUZHIDAOZUIJIASHUILV,ZHENGFUZENZHIDAOGAIBUGAIQUANMIANJIANSHUI?

滚球体育  ZUIJIASHUILVNANYIQUEDINGSHIYIFANGMIAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,JIBIANZHIDAOLEZUIJIASHUILV,JIANSHUINENGFOUZENGJIAZHENGFUSHUISHOUYEBUYIDING。RANGGUNQIUTIYUYISUODESHUIWEILIZUOFENXI: ZHENGFUZHENGSHOUSUODESHUIDEDUOSHAO,QUJUELIANGGEYINSU: YISHILIRUN(YINGSHUISUODEE),ERSHISHUILV。JIADINGMOUQIYETOUZI2000WANYUAN,LIRUNLV10%,ZEQIYELIRUNSHI200WANYUAN。RUOXIANXINGSHUILVWEI25%,ZEZHENGFUSHUISHOUWEI50WANYUAN。XIANZAIZAIJIADINGZUIJIASHUILVSHI20%,GENJULAFUQUXIAN,ZHENGFUJIUYINGJIANGSHUILVCONG25%JIANZHI20%。

滚球体育  JIANSHUIDEJIEGUOHUIZENYANGNI,LAFURENWEISUIZHEQIYETOUZIKUODA,LIRUNHUIZENGJIA,YUSHIZHENGFUSHUISHOUHUIZENGJIA。LILUNSHANGBUFOURENYOUZHEIZHONGKENENG,DANLAFUZHISHIJIANGDUILEYIBAN。SHISHISHANG,TOUZIZENGJIABINGBUDENGYULIRUN(YINGSHUISUODEE)ZENGJIA,LIANGZHEBUSHIYIHUISHI。JINGJIXUEDEBIANJISHOUYIDIJIANGUILVSHUO: DANGQIYETOUZIDADAOYIDINGGUIMOHOU,ZAIZENGJIATOUZIBIANJISHOUYIHUIXIAJIANG。YIDANLIRUNLVJINRUXIAJIANGQI,QIYEZENGJIATOUZI,ZHENGFUDESHUISHOUQUEBUHUIZENGJIA。

  HAISHIYONGSHANGMIANDELIZI。ZHENGFUJIANGSHUILVCONG25%JIANZHI20%,ZHENGFUDANGNIANJIANSHAOSHUISHOU10WANYUAN,QIYEKEZENGJIA10WANYUANTOUZI,ZHEIYANGZONGTOUZIKUODADAO2010WANYUAN;YOUYUBIANJISHOUYILVDIJIAN,JIADINGLIRUNLVCONG10%JIANGWEI9%,ZEQIYEZONGLIRUNWEI180.9WANYUAN,RUOANZUIJIASHUILV20%ZHENGSHUI,ZHENGFUSHUISHOUWEI36.18WANYUAN。RUCIYILAI,ZHENGFUSHUISHOUYUJIANSHUIQIANBIBUJINMEIZENGJIA,FANERJIANSHAOLE13.82WANYUAN。

  KEZAIHUANGEJIAODUSIKAO。QIYESHENMESHIHOUJIANSHUIHUSHENGZUIGAO?DANGRANSHIJINGJIXIAOTIAOQI。JINGJIXIAOTIAOYIWEIZHESHENGCHANGUOSHENG,CISHIJIANSHUIGURANKECIJITOUZI,DANRUOGONGJIJIEGOUBUBIAN,KUODATOUZIDUIGUOSHENGBUGUOSHIBAISHANGJIAJIN。QIYEGUOSHENGCHANNENGBUQU,LIRUNBUKENENGZENGJIA。LIRUNBUZENGJIA,ZENKEDUANDINGQUANMIANJIANSHUINENGZENGJIASHUISHOUNI?YOUCIKAN,GONGJIXUEPAIDELILUNBUKEJIANDANDIZHAOBAN。GUNQIUTIYUSHISHIJIJICAIZHENGZHENGCEXUYAOJIANSHUI,DANZHONGDIANYINGSHIJIEGOUXINGJIANSHUI。

  CONGXIANSHIGUANCHA,ZHONGGUODEJIANSHUIQUESHIBUTONGYUGONGJIXUEPAIDEJIANSHUI。2009NIANWEIYINGDUIGUOJIJINRONGWEIJIZHENGFUKAISHIJIANSHUI,JIN10NIANGUNQIUTIYUYIZHIJIANCHIJIEGOUXINGJIANSHUI。QIANBUJIUGUOWUYUANGONGBULEJINNIANDEJIANSHUIFANGAN: ZHIZAOYEDENGXINGYEDEZENGZHISHUISHUILVCONG16%JIANGZHI13%;JIAOTONGYUNSHUYE、JIANZHUYEDENGXINGYEDEZENGZHISHUISHUILVCONG10%JIANGZHI9%;SHENGHUOXINGGUNQIUTIYUYEBAOCHI6%DESHUILVBUBIAN。DUITONGYIXINGYE,CICIJIANSHUISHIPUHUIXINGDE;KEDUIBUTONGXINGYE,JIANSHUIQUESHIJIEGOUXINGDE。

滚球体育[ZUOZHEXIZHONGYANGDANGXIAO(GUOJIAXINGZHENGXUEYUAN)FUXIAOZHANG(FUYUANZHANG)、XIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGYANJIUZHONGXINFUZHUREN]

  

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