滚球体育

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国有经济与民营经济相辅相成相得益彰

07 2018-12

09:10

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 韩保江

  内容提要: 改革开放40年来,滚球体育国经济发展能够创造中国奇迹,国有经济和民营经济都作出了重大贡献。滚球体育国国有经济与民营经济相辅相成、相得益彰,表现在国有企业与民营企业良性竞争、相互协作、共同发展上,表现在国有资本与民营资本交叉持股、相互融合上。在中国特色社会主义新时代,进一步解放和发展社会生产力,必须坚持和完善滚球体育国社会主义基本经济制度,毫不动摇巩固和发展公有制经济,毫不动摇鼓励、支持、引导非公有制经济发展,以有力举措把国有经济与民营经济共同发展提升到新水平。

  GONGYOUZHIWEIZHUTI、DUOZHONGSUOYOUZHIJINGJIGONGTONGFAZHANDEJIBENJINGJIZHIDU,SHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,YESHIWANSHANSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIDEBIRANYAOQIU。GAIGEKAIFANG40NIANLAI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJIFAZHANNENGGOUCHUANGZAOZHONGGUOQIJI,GUOYOUJINGJIHEMINYINGJINGJIDOUZUOCHULEZHONGDAGONGXIAN。ZAIJINGJIFAZHANXINSHIDAI,SHIXIANJINGJIQIANGQILAIDEMUBIAO,BIXUJINYIBUCUJINGUOYOUJINGJIYUMINYINGJINGJIXIANGFUXIANGCHENG、XIANGDEYIZHANG,TUIDONGGEZHONGSUOYOUZHIJINGJIQUZHANGBUDUAN、XIANGHUCUJIN、GONGTONGFAZHAN。

  国有经济与民营经济相辅相成、相得益彰的主要表现

  GUNQIUTIYUGUOGUOYOUJINGJIYUMINYINGJINGJIXIANGFUXIANGCHENG、XIANGDEYIZHANG,BIAOXIANZAIGUOYOUQIYEYUMINYINGQIYELIANGXINGJINGZHENG、XIANGHUXIEZUO、GONGTONGFAZHANSHANG。GUOYOUQIYESHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEZHONGYAOWUZHIJICHUHEZHENGZHIJICHU,SHIGUNQIUTIYUDANGZHIZHENGXINGGUODEZHONGYAOZHIZHUHEYIKAOLILIANG,WEIGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN、KEJIJINBU、GUOFANGGUNQIUTIYU、MINSHENGGAISHANZUOCHULELISHIXINGGONGXIAN。TONGSHI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOMINYINGJINGJIZAIWENDINGZENGZHANG、CUJINCHUANGXIN、ZENGJIAJIUYE、GAISHANMINSHENGDENGFANGMIANFAHUIZHEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,SHISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOCHENGGUO,SHITUIDONGSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOLILIANG,SHITUIJINGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGE、TUIDONGGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN、GUNQIUTIYUXIANDAIHUAJINGJITIXIDEZHONGYAOZHUTI,YESHIGUNQIUTIYUDANGZHANGQIZHIZHENG、TUANJIEDAILINGQUANGUORENMINSHIXIAN“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAOHEZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGZHONGGUOMENGDEZHONGYAOLILIANG。GUOYOUQIYEYUMINYINGQIYEZAISHICHANGSHANGLIANGXINGJINGZHENG、XIANGHUXIEZUO、GONGTONGFAZHAN,XINGCHENGLEHUBUDEJINGJIJIEGOU——MUQIAN,GUOYOUQIYEZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIGUANXIGUOJIAANQUAN、GUOMINJINGJIMINGMAIHEGUOJIMINSHENGDEZHONGYAOXINGYEHEGUANJIANLINGYU、ZHONGDIANJICHUSHESHIYIJIQIANZHANXINGZHANLVEXINGCHANYE,MINYINGQIYEZEZHUYAOFENBUZAIYIBANJINGZHENGXINGLINGYU;XINGCHENGLEGAISHANJINGYING、JIJICHUANGXINDEDONGLI——GUOYOUQIYECHIXUSHENHUAGAIGE、TIGAOJINGYINGGUANLISHUIPING,BUDUANZENGQIANGHUOLI、YINGXIANGLI、KANGFENGXIANNENGLI,SHIXIANGUOYOUZICHANBAOZHIZENGZHI,MINYINGQIYENULIGAISHANJINGYINGGUANLI,BUDUANTIGAOQIYEDEJINGYINGNENGLI、GUANLISHUIPING、CHUANGXINNENGLIHEHEXINJINGZHENGLI;HAIXINGCHENGLECUJINGUNQIUTIYUGUOSHEHUISHENGCHANLIFAZHANHEMANZURENMINRIYIZENGZHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAODEQIANGDAHELI,TUIDONGSHEHUIZHUYIJIBENJINGJIZHIDUHESHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIBUDUANWANSHAN。

滚球体育  GUOYOUJINGJIYUMINYINGJINGJIXIANGFUXIANGCHENG、XIANGDEYIZHANG,HAIBIAOXIANZAITONGGUOHUNHESUOYOUZHIGAIGE,GUOYOUZIBENYUMINYINGZIBENJIAOCHACHIGU、XIANGHURONGHESHANG。DANGDESHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUI《JUEDING》ZHICHU,“GUOYOUZIBEN、JITIZIBEN、FEIGONGYOUZIBENDENGJIAOCHACHIGU、XIANGHURONGHEDEHUNHESUOYOUZHIJINGJI,SHIJIBENJINGJIZHIDUDEZHONGYAOSHIXIANXINGSHI”。ZAIHUNHESUOYOUZHIJINGJIFAZHANZHONG,GUOYOUZIBENHEMINYINGZIBENXIANGHURONGHE,JIKEKUODAMINJIANTOUZI、TUIDONGJINGJIFAZHAN,YOUKEJIAKUAIXINGCHENG“NIZHONGYOUGUNQIUTIYU、GUNQIUTIYUZHONGYOUNI”DELIYIGONGTONGTI,SHIXIANYOUSHIHUBU,TISHENGQIYEJINGZHENGLI。ZAIFAZHANHUNHESUOYOUZHIJINGJIDEQIYEGAIGEZHONGZUZHONG,GUOYOUQIYEHEMINYINGQIYEPINGDENGHEZUO,ZHONGZUQIYEDEGUQUANJIEGOUANZHAOXIANGGUANGUIDING、GENJUJUTIQINGKUANGYOUGEFANGXIESHANGQUEDING。SHIJIANZHENGMING,FAZHANHUNHESUOYOUZHIJINGJI,YOULIYUGUOYOUJINGJIXINGCHENGXINYOUSHI、ZENGTIANXINHUOLI,YOULIYUMINYINGJINGJIJIEZHUGUOYOUJINGJIPINGTAIGENGKUAICHENGZHANG。HUNHESUOYOUZHIQIYETANSUOSHIXINGYUANGONGCHIGU,HAINENGXINGCHENGZIBENSUOYOUZHEHELAODONGZHELIYIGONGTONGTI,CUJINSHIXIANGONGTONGFUYU。

  把国有经济与民营经济共同发展提升到新水平

滚球体育  DANGQIAN,ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRULEXINSHIDAI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOSHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNYIJINGZHUANHUAWEIRENMINRIYIZENGZHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAOHEBUPINGHENGBUCHONGFENDEFAZHANZHIJIANDEMAODUN。DANSHI,GUNQIUTIYUGUORENGCHUYUBINGJIANGZHANGQICHUYUSHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUANDEJIBENGUOQINGMEIYOUBIAN,GUNQIUTIYUGUOSHISHIJIEZUIDAFAZHANZHONGGUOJIADEGUOJIDIWEIMEIYOUBIAN,JIEFANGHEFAZHANSHEHUISHENGCHANLIRENGSHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEGENBENRENWU。JIXUJIEFANGHEFAZHANSHEHUISHENGCHANLI,BIXUJIANCHIHEWANSHANGUNQIUTIYUDANGHERENMINJINGGUOJISHINIANJIANKUTANSUOXINGCHENGBINGXINGZHIYOUXIAODESHEHUIZHUYIJIBENJINGJIZHIDU,HAOBUDONGYAOGONGGUHEFAZHANGONGYOUZHIJINGJI,HAOBUDONGYAOGULI、ZHICHI、YINDAOFEIGONGYOUZHIJINGJIFAZHAN,JINYIBUCUJINGUOYOUJINGJIYUMINYINGJINGJIXIANGFUXIANGCHENG、XIANGDEYIZHANG,RANGYIQIELAODONG、ZHISHI、JISHU、GUANLI、ZIBENDENGYAOSUDEHUOLIJINGXIANGBENGFA,RANGYIQIECHUANGZAOSHEHUICAIFUDEYUANQUANCHONGFENYONGLIU,RANGGAIGEFAZHANCHENGGUOGENGDUOGENGGONGPINGHUIJIQUANTIRENMIN。

  消除所有制歧视。滚球体育党的十八届三中全会提出,公有制经济和非公有制经济都是社会主义市场经济的重要组成部分,都是滚球体育国经济社会发展的重要基础;公有制经济财产权不可侵犯,非公有制经济财产权同样不可侵犯;国家保护各种所有制经济产权和合法利益,坚持权利平等、机会平等、规则平等,废除对非公有制经济各种形式的不合理规定,消除各种隐性壁垒,激发非公有制经济活力和创造力。党的十八届四中全会提出,“健全以公平为核心原则的产权保护制度,加强对各种所有制经济组织和自然人财产权的保护,清理有违公平的法律法规条款”。党的十八届五中全会强调,“鼓励民营企业依法进入更多领域,引入非国有资本参与国有企业改革,更好激发非公有制经济活力和创造力”。党的十九大把“两个毫不动摇”写入新时代坚持和发展中国特色社会主义的基本方略,作为党和国家一项大政方针进一步确定下来。当前,滚球体育要以更加有效的政策措施彻底消除所有制歧视,实现各种所有制经济权利平等、机会平等、规则平等。

  营造公平开放统一高效的市场环境。滚球体育全面实施市场准入负面清单制度,清理废除妨碍统一市场和公平竞争的各种规定和做法,支持民营企业发展,激发各类市场主体活力。深化商事制度改革,打破行政性垄断,防止市场垄断,加快要素价格市场化改革,放宽滚球体育业准入限制,完善市场监管体制。健全优胜劣汰市场化退出机制,完善企业破产制度,积极稳妥推进企业优胜劣汰,通过兼并重组、破产清算,实现市场出清。

  JIAKUAIFENLEITUIJINGUOYOUQIYEGAIGE,JIJITUIJINGUOYOUQIYEHUNHESUOYOUZHIGAIGE。TONGGUOJIEDINGGONGNENG、HUAFENLEIBIE,SHIXINGFENLEIGAIGE、FENLEIFAZHAN、FENLEIJIANGUAN、FENLEIDINGZE、FENLEIKAOHE,TIGAOGUOYOUQIYEGAIGEDEZHENDUIXING、JIANGUANDEYOUXIAOXING、KAOHEPINGJIADEKEXUEXING,TUIDONGGUOYOUQIYETONGSHICHANGJINGJISHENDURONGHE,CUJINGUOYOUQIYESHIXIANJINGJIXIAOYIHESHEHUIXIAOYIYOUJITONGYI。GUOYOUZICHANJIANGUANYAOSHIXIANCONGYIGUANQIYEWEIZHUXIANGYIGUANZIBENWEIZHUZHUANBIAN,DAFUTIGAOGUOYOUZIBENPEIZHIXIAOLV。TUIJINGUOYOUQIYEHUNHESUOYOUZHIGAIGE,QIESHIBAOHUGELEICHUZIRENDECHANQUANQUANYI,DUJUEGUOYOUZICHANLIUSHI。TONGSHI,YOUHUAGUOYOUZIBENZHONGDIANTOUZIFANGXIANGHELINGYU,TUIDONGGUOYOUZIBENXIANGGUANXIGUOJIAANQUAN、GUOMINJINGJIMINGMAIHEGUOJIMINSHENGDEZHONGYAOXINGYEHEGUANJIANLINGYU、ZHONGDIANJICHUSHESHIJIZHONG,XIANGQIANZHANXINGZHANLVEXINGCHANYEJIZHONG,XIANGJUYOUHEXINJINGZHENGLIDEYOUSHIQIYEJIZHONG。

  大力支持民营企业发展壮大。习近平同志指出: “民营经济是滚球体育国经济制度的内在要素,民营企业和民营企业家是滚球体育自己人。”这给广大民营企业家吃下了定心丸。在11月1日召开的民营企业座谈会上,习近平同志提出了大力支持民营企业发展壮大的6个方面政策举措。一段时间以来,促进民营企业发展的利好政策不断出台,发展环境不断优化,民营企业在经营发展中遇到的困难和问题正在逐步得到解决。在未来发展中,这些政策举措的效果将进一步显现,进而有力促进民营企业做强做优、发展壮大,让民营经济创新源泉充分涌流、创造活力充分迸发。

  (ZUOZHEWEIZHONGYANGDANGXIAOXIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGYANJIUZHONGXINTEYUEYANJIUYUAN、JINGJIXUEJIAOYANBUZHUREN)

  (网络编辑: 张慧婷)

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