滚球体育

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为发展中国家走向现代化提供全新选择

18 2018-01

09:17

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 陈曙光

  核心提示 党的十九大报告指出,中国特色社会主义进入新时代,“意味着中国特色社会主义道路、理论、制度、文化不断发展,拓展了发展中国家走向现代化的途径,给世界上那些既希望加快发展又希望保持自身独立性的国家和民族提供了全新选择,为解决人类问题贡献了中国智慧和中国方案”。这一判断破除了西方强加给全世界的发展定理,宣告了“现代化=西方化”的偏颇,揭示了中国式现代化道路的世界历史意义。

  一、现代化方向的确定性与现代化道路的选择性

滚球体育  XIANDAIHUADEFAZHANFANGXIANGSHIWUFARAOKAIDE,ZHEISHIQUEDINGDE;DANZOUXIANGXIANDAIHUADEDAOLUSHIKEYIXUANZEDE,ZHEIYESHIQUEDINGDE。XISHIXIANDAIHUAZHISHIXIANDAIHUADEYIGEBANBEN,ERFEIWEIYIBANBEN,BUNENGDINGYUYIZUN。MEIGEGUOJIADOUYINGDANGGENJUZIJIDEGUOQING,ZOUJUYOUZISHENTESEDEXIANDAIHUADAOLU。

滚球体育  RUHESHIXIANXIANDAIHUA?SHIXIANSHENMEYANGDEXIANDAIHUA?ZHONGGUOYIKAISHIJIUYOUZIJIDEDULIPANDUAN,CONGWEIJIANDANDIFUZHIXIFANGDEFAZHANMOSHI,CONGWEIJINRUXIFANGSHEDINGDELISHIGUIJI,YECONGWEIJIANDANDITAOYONGXIFANGDEFAZHANLUOJI。DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIZHICHU: “GUNQIUTIYUGAODEXIANDAIHUA,SHIZHONGGUOSHIDEXIANDAIHUA。GUNQIUTIYUGUNQIUTIYUDESHEHUIZHUYI,SHIYOUZHONGGUOTESEDESHEHUIZHUYI。”XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIYECENGQIANGDIAO,“GUNQIUTIYUYUANYIJIEJIANRENLEIYIQIEWENMINGCHENGGUO,DANBUHUIZHAOCHAOZHAOBANRENHEGUOJIADEFAZHANMOSHI”。ZHONGGUOGAOXIANDAIHUA,BIXUZOUZHONGGUODAOLU,ZHEIJIUSHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLU。LISHIHEXIANSHIDOUGAOSUGUNQIUTIYU,ZHIYOUSHEHUIZHUYICAINENGJIUZHONGGUO,ZHIYOUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYICAINENGFAZHANZHONGGUO,ZHEISHILISHIDEJIELUN、RENMINDEXUANZE。YAPIANZHANZHENGYILAIDELISHIZHENGMING,SHEHUIZHUYISHIWEIYIXINGDETONG、ZOUDEHAODEDAOLU,ZHIYOUSHEHUIZHUYIERMEIYOUBIEDESHENMEZHUYINENGGOUJIUZHONGGUO;SHEHUIZHUYIGUNQIUTIYUSHIQIDELISHIZHENGMING,CHUANTONGJIHUAJINGJIMOSHIHUIZHIXISHEHUIZHUYIDESHENGMINGLI,ZOUFENGBIJIANGHUADELAOLUFAZHANBULEZHONGGUO、FAZHANBULESHEHUIZHUYI;SUDONGJUBIANDELISHIJIAOXUNZHENGMING,YUXIFANGJIEGUIBUSHISHEHUIZHUYIDEFAZHANFANGXIANG,ZOUGAIQIYIZHIDEXIELUYIDINGHUIZANGSONGSHEHUIZHUYI;GAIGEKAIFANGYILAIDESHIJIANZHENGMING,ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLUSHISHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEBIYOUZHILU。

滚球体育  ZHONGGUOTESEDEXIANDAIHUADAOLUBUSHITUOLISHIJIEFAZHANCHAOLIUDEPANGMENZUODAO,ERSHIYI“SHEHUIZHUYI”WEIDISE、YI“ZHONGGUOTESE”WEIBIAOZHI、YI“XIANDAIHUA”WEIMUBIAODEFAZHANDAOLU。ZHONGGUOZIZHUKAIPIDEDAOLU,SHIWANQUANBUTONGYUXIFANGMOSHIDEWEIDACHUANGJU。TABAITUOLEXIFANGDEZHIDUKUANGJIA、ZHENGZHIMOSHIHEWENMINGTIXI,BAITUOLEZHIMIN、KUOZHANG、LVEDUO、DUIKANGDEFAZHANLUOJI,BAITUOLEYIFUFAZHAN、TIDUJINHUADELISHISUMING,TONGGUO“ZOUZIJIDELU”CHENGGONGJUEQI,KAIQILEGENGWEIZHUANGLIDEXIANDAIHUAZHILU。

  二、中国的成功意味着自主开辟的现代化道路的成功

滚球体育  XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUTEBIESHIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,ZHONGGUOFAZHANCHENGJIUJINGYANSHIJIE,CHEDIBAITUOLEBEIKAICHUQIUJIDEWEIXIAN。CONGLUOHOUDENONGYEGUO,DAOWENJUSHIJIEDIERDAJINGJITI;CONG“YANGZIHAO”SHIDAIDAOQUANSHIJIEZUIWANZHENGDEGONGYELIANTIAO;CONGBAIXINGWENBAOBUZU,DAOCHENGGONGSHIXIANCONGDISHOURUGUOJIAXIANGZHONGDENGSHOURUGUOJIADEKUAYUE;CONGWUZIDUANQUE,DAOZUOSHANGQUANQIUHUOWUMAOYITOUBAJIAOYI;CONGYUSHIGEJUEDAOYINLINGQUANQIUHUADEFAZHANFANGXIANG,ZHONGGUOJINGLIFENGHUANGNIEPAN,WANCHENGLECONGSHIJIEBIANYUANZOUXIANGSHIJIEWUTAIZHONGXINDEHUALIZHUANSHEN。CONGCAIFUZENGZHANGLAISHUO,ZHONGGUOZAIGUOQUDUANDUANJISHINIANLICHUANGZAOLERENLEIFAZHANSHISHANGDEQIJI。

滚球体育  ZHONGGUODECHENGGONG,YIWEIZHEZHONGGUOZIZHUKAIPIDEXIANDAIHUADAOLUDECHENGGONG,YIWEIZHEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDECHENGGONG。ZHEIZHONG“ZHONGGUOTESE”,YUANYUMAKESIZHUYIDEJIAZHILICHANG,YUANYUSHEHUIZHUYIDEJIAZHIZHUIQIU,YUANYUCHUANTONGWENHUADEYOUZHIJIYIN,YUANYUDUIXISHIXIANDAIHUADEJIJIYANGQI,GUIGENJIEDIYUANYUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDELISHIXINGSHIJIAN,WAIHUAYUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLU、LILUNTIXI、ZHIDUHEWENHUAZHIZHONG。KEYISHUO,RUGUOMEIYOUZHONGGUOGUOGANDIZHIYIXISHIXIANDAIHUADEWEIYIXINGHEZHISHANGXING,FANSIQIBIDUAN,SHUXIE“ZHONGGUOBANBEN”,RENLEIKENENGZHENDEYAOZAI“XIFANGZHONGXINZHUYI”DEQIANGDASIWEIGUANXINGZHONGWUYISHIDECHENLUN,SHIQUDULISIKAO、ZIZHUZOUXIANGYUANFANGDENENGLI。

  ZHONGGUOZIZHUKAIPIDEXIANDAIHUADAOLUDECHENGGONGJUYOUZHONGDAERSHENYUANDESHIJIEYIYI,TANIUZHUANLESHEHUIZHUYIZAIQUANSHIJIEDESHENGWANG,ZAIQUANSHIJIEGAOGAOJUQILEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIWEIDAQIZHI;TADONGYAOLEXIFANGJINGYANZHICHENGDEFAZHANMOSHIDEZHIZUNDIWEI,YEDONGYAOLEJIYUXIFANGJINGYANDEZHIDUWENMINGHEJIAZHIGUANNIANDEPUSHIDIWEI,GAIXIELE“XIANDAIHUA=XIFANGHUA”DEFAZHANGONGSHI,WEIGUANGDAFAZHANZHONGGUOJIAZOUZIJIDELUZHURULEXINXINHEDIQI。

  三、中国式现代化的世界文明效应: 西方中心论的破产

  DANGJINSHIJIEMIANLINQIANSUOWEIYOUZHIDABIANJU,QIZHONGYIGEZHONGDABIANJUJIUSHIXIFANGZHONGXINLUNDEPOCHAN。XIFANGZHONGXINLUNSHIXIFANGMOSHIKESHUCHULILUNDEZHEXUEJICHU,LISHIZHONGJIELUN、WENMINGYOUYUELUN、PUSHIJIAZHILUNDENG,KEYISHUODOUSHIXIFANGZHONGXINLUNDEBIANZHONGHUOWAIZAIBIAOXIAN。

  XIFANGZHONGXINLUNDEPOCHAN,LISHIZHONGJIELUNDEZHONGJIE,ZHEISHIZHONGGUOFUXINGSUODAOZHIDELIANSUOFANYING,YESHIGUANHUSHIJIEWENMINGZHIXUZHONGJIANDEZHONGDABIANJU。ZHONGGUODAOLUCHENGGONGLE,ERQIEBIXIFANGJUEQIDEJINGLIGENGCHUANQI,GENGCHENGGONG,ZHEISHIBANSHANGDINGDINGDESHISHI。ERQIE,GUANJIANSHIGUNQIUTIYUYIXIFANGBURENKEDEFANGSHI,ZOULEXIFANGBURENKEDEDAOLU,JIANGOULEXIFANGBURENKEDEZHIDUMOSHI、JIAZHIGUANNIANDENG,YONGLEJISHINIANDESHIJIANZOULEXIFANGJIBAINIANDELU,FUCHUBIXIFANGGENGXIAODEDAIJIA,QUDELEBIXIFANGGENGDADECHENGJI。ZHEIZHENGMING,XIFANGDEXIANDAIHUADAOLUJUEBUSHIRENLEITONGWANGXIANDAIHUADEWEIYIDAOLU,XIFANGDESIYOUHUAMOSHIJUEBUSHIWEIYIDEXUANZE,XIFANGDEJIAZHISHIXIANXINGSHIJUEBUSHIPUSHIDEFANGAN,TONGZHISHIJIELISHIJIBAINIANDEXIFANGZHONGXINLUNDIYICIMIANLINPOCHANDEWEIJIHETUICHANGDEJUEZE。

  JIBAINIANLAI,WEIYOUFAZHANZHONGGUOJIACHENGGONGDIRIYIZOUJINSHIJIEWUTAIZHONGYANG,ZHONGGUOSHIWEIYIDELIWAI。YINWEIZHONGGUODECHENGGONG,ZHENGMINGXIFANGZHONGXINLUNSHICUODE,LISHIZHONGJIELUNSHICUODE,WENMINGYOUYUELUNSHIZHANBUZHUJIAODE,PUSHIJIAZHIGUANLUNSHIXINGBUTONGDE;ZHENGMINGZHONGGUODEZHIDUSHIYOUYOUYUEXINGDE,ZHONGGUODEFAZHANMOSHISHIYOUXIAODE,ZHONGGUODEWENMINGTIXIHEJIAZHIGUANNIANSHIXIANJINDE。

  DANGRAN,GUNQIUTIYUJIANDINGDAOLUZIXIN、LILUNZIXIN、ZHIDUZIXIN、WENHUAZIXIN,BINGBUSHIYIBIANDIXIFANGZUOWEILUOJIDEQIANTI。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJISHUO,GUNQIUTIYUBU“SHURU”WAIGUOMOSHI,YEBU“SHUCHU”ZHONGGUOMOSHI,BUHUIYAOQIUBIEGUO“FUZHI”ZHONGGUODEZUOFA。ZHEIJIUSHIZHONGGUOSHIXIANDAIHUAYUNHANDEZHEXUELUOJI,ZHEIJIUSHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENDEZHEXUEZHIHUI。

  四、中国道路拓展了发展中国家走向现代化的途径

滚球体育  XIANDAIHUASHIYIXIANGWEIJINGDESHIYE,GUANGDAFAZHANZHONGGUOJIARENGRANXINGZOUZAITONGWANGXIANDAIHUADETUZHONG。XIANDAIHUAZHILURUHEZOU?ZHEICHENGWEIBAIZAIGUANGDAFAZHANZHONGGUOJIAMIANQIANDEZHONGDAKAOYAN。HUANGUQUANQIU,XIFANGZUIXIANWANCHENGLEXIANDAIHUADERENWU,YEZUIXIANXIANGSHOUDAOXIANDAIHUADECHENGGUO。XIFANGYANRANZHANGWOLEKOUKAIXIANDAIHUAZHIMENDEWEIYIYAOCHI,BAIXIFANGWEISHI,XIANGXIFANGKAOLONG,“ZOUXIFANGDELU”,CHENGWEILEHENDUOFAZHANZHONGGUOJIAWUFAKANGJUDEYOUHUO。XIFANGGUOJIAYEYIXIANDAIHUABIZUZIJU,PINPINZHIDIANQITAGUOJIADEXIANDAIHUAGUNQIUTIYU。

滚球体育  JINDAIYILAI,JIHUSUOYOUFAZHANZHONGGUOJIADEXIANDAIHUAZHILUDOUWUFABAITUO“YIFU”HAISHI“TUOGOU”DELIANGNANXUANZE。MIANDUIXIFANGFAZHANLUOJIDEQIANGDAGUANXING,MIANDUIXIFANGDAGUODEQIANGDATONGZHILI,MIANDUIXIFANGXIANDAIHUADEYOURENCHENGGUO,GUANGDAFAZHANZHONGGUOJIAYAOMEXUANZEYIFUXINGDEFAZHAN,YAOMEXUANZETUOGOUHOUDEPINQIONG。“YIFU”KEYIDAILAIFAZHAN,DANHUISHIQUZIZHU;“TUOGOU”KEYIDAILAIZIZHU,DANHUISHIQUFAZHAN。“YIFU”YIHUO“TUOGOU”,FAZHANZHONGGUOJIANANDAOZHENDEBIEWUXUANZE?ZHONGGUOYIZIJIDESHIJIXINGDONGGAOSUSHIJIE,ZHONGGUOJIMEIYOUYUXIFANG“TUOGOU”,YOUMEIYOUYIFUXIFANG;JIXUANZERONGRUGUOJISHEHUI,YOUMEIYOUHUAXIANGXIFANGDEFAZHANGUIDAO;JIDADANJIEJIANZIBENZHUYIGUOJIAWENMINGCHENGGUO,YOUMEIYOUSHIQUZIZHUXING。FOUZE,ZHONGGUOBUKENENGYICICIDIDUOGUOZIBENZHUYISHIJIEDEJINGJIWEIJI,BUKENENGZAIXIFANGSHIJIEJINGJIWEIJI、ZHENGZHIWEIJI、SHEHUIWEIJIPINFAZHONGLVLV“DUSHANQISHEN”,BUKENENGZAIZHANGDASISHINIANKUAYUEGANCHAO、KUAISUJUEQIDEGUOCHENGZHONGCHENGGONGBAITUO“FUYONG”DEMINGYUN。

  ZHONGGUOKAIPIDEXIANDAIHUADAOLU,QIANGDIAOSHIJIANDIYI、SHIGANXINGBANG;QIANGDIAODAOLUZIXIN、ZHANLVEDINGLI;QIANGDIAOQUNZHONGGUANDIAN、YIRENMINWEIZHONGXIN;QIANGDIAOJIEFANGSIXIANG、SHISHIQIUSHI;QIANGDIAODUINEIGAIGE、POCHUCHENKEGUJI;QIANGDIAODUIWAIKAIFANG、RONGRUSHIJIE;QIANGDIAODULIZIZHU、ZILIGENGSHENG;QIANGDIAOFAHUIZHIDUYOUSHI、ZHILIYOUSHI……ZHEIXIEDOUSHIFAZHANZHIHUI。ZHONGGUODAOLUDECHENGGONGKAIPI,TUOZHANLEFAZHANZHONGGUOJIAZOUXIANGXIANDAIHUADETUJING,JISHIJIESHANGNEIXIEJIXIWANGJIAKUAIFAZHANYOUXIWANGBAOCHIZISHENDULIXINGDEGUOJIAHEMINZUTIGONGLEQUANXINXUANZE,WEIJIEJUERENLEIWENTIGONGXIANLEZHONGGUOZHIHUIHEZHONGGUOFANGAN。

滚球体育  (ZUOZHEXIZHONGGONGZHONGYANGDANGXIAOXIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGYANJIUZHONGXINYANJIUYUAN)

  (网络编辑: 张慧婷)

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