滚球体育

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零和思维没有出路

06 2018-09

08:28

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 中央党校习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究中心

  ENGESIYOUJUMINGYAN: BUGUANZIRANKEXUEJIACAIQUSHENMEYANGDETAIDU,TAMENHAISHIDESHOUZHEXUEDEZHIPEI。WENTIZHIZAIYU,TAMENSHIYUANYISHOUCUOWUDEZHEXUEZHIPEI,HAISHIYUANYISHOUZHENGQUEDEZHEXUEZHIPEI。DANGQIAN,YIXIEGUOJIADANBIANZHUYIHEBAOHUZHUYITAITOU,NIQUANQIUHUACHAOLIUERDONG。SHENWAQISIWEIGENYUANBUNANFAXIAN,PINPINTIAOQIGUOJIJINGMAOMOCADEBEIHOU,SHILINGHESIWEIZAIZUOGUAI。YINCI,YAORENQINGZHEIXIEXINGWEIDEHUANGTANGYUBUFUZEREN,JIUYAOPOUXIQINGCHULINGHESIWEIDEHUANGMIUYUBUHESHIYI。

  开放发展是客观规律,零和思维短视封闭、害人害己

滚球体育  “LINGHE”BENSHIYIGEBOYIXUEGAINIAN,SHIZHIZAIBOYIGUOCHENGZHONGYIFANGDEDAODEZHENGSHIDUIFANGSHIQUDE,DEYUSHIXIANGJIASHILING。ZHEIFANYINGZAISIWEISHANGJIUSHILINGHESIWEI。LINGHESIWEIKANSIYOUJINGJIXUEMOXINGDEZHICHI,SHIZHISHANGSHIYIZHONGJIANLIZAICUOWUZHEXUEJICHUSHANGDEXINGERSHANGXUESIWEIFANGSHI,ZAILILUNSHANGSHIHUANGMIUDE,ZAISHIJIANZHONGSHIYOUHAIDE。

  BOYILUNGUANYULINGHEDEMOXING,ZHISHIDUIKANGXINGBOYIZAIJUEDUIFENGBIZHUANGTAIXIADEYIZHONGLILUNQINGJING。ZAIRENLEISHEHUISHIJIANZHONG,CONGLAIMEIYOUYEBUKENENGYOUJUEDUILINGHEDEXIANXIANG。“SHIZHIDONGYU,SHOUZHISANGYU”,SHIRENLEISHEHUISHENGHUODEYIZHONGCHANGTAI;“LUOBUBAICAI,GEYOUSUOAI”,SHIDUIRENLEISHEHUILIYIPIANHAODUOYANGXINGDEXINGXIANGMIAOSHU;XIFANGYANYU“QIPANWAIZONGSHIYOUDONGXIDE”,YESHITONGYANGDEYISI。ZHIYAOXITONGSHIKAIFANGDE、LISHISHIQIANJINDE,LINGHEJIUBUKENENGCHENGWEIXIANSHI。SHISHISHANG,RENLEISHEHUIZHENGSHIYIGEKAIFANGDEDAXITONG,RENLEISHEHUISHIJIANZHENGSHIYIGEBUDUANJINBUDEYONGWUZHIJINGDEGUOCHENG。

  LINGHESIWEISHIJIANLIZAIRENXINGEDEZHEXUEPANDUANJICHUSHANGDE。YINWEIYUSHERENXINGSHIEDE,JIUWUDUANDIRENWEISUOYOURENDERENXINGDOUSHIEDE,ZAISHEHUIJIAOWANGZHONGNIDEDAODEJIUSHIGUNQIUTIYUSHIQUDE,SUOYIBIXUBASUOYOULIYIDOUZUANZAIZIJISHOUZHONG,“ZIJIHAOCHUTONGCHI,BIERENZHINENGWANBAI”。XIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGKEYIKANDAORENXINGYOUEDEYIMIAN,DANYEKEYIJUCHUGENGDUORENXINGWEISHANDESHISHI。RENZHIWEIREN,BUZAIYUJIUJINGSHIRENXINGBENSHANHAISHIRENXINGBENE,ERZAIYUMIANDUISHANYUEDEJIUCHAN,KEYIZUOCHUSHUNYINGKEGUANGUILV、ZHANGXIANRENXINGGUANGHUIDEZHENGQUEXUANZE。YIYIJIZHIXINDUTARENZHIFU,YIYISHIZHIPIANBIHENGCHANGZHIZHENG,BAYIZHONGZHEXUEJIASHEDANGZUOKEGUANSHISHIHELILUNJISHI,ZHEIZAILILUNSHANGTIXIANWEIWUZHI,ZAISHIJIANZHONGBIAOXIANWEIPIANZHI。RUGUOLINGHESIWEIDAXINGQIDAO,ZAISHEHUIJIAOWANGZHONGDONGZHERULINDADI、LINRENYIFU,RENLEISHEHUIJIUBUKENENGJINBU,SHIJIEYEBUHUIXIANGQIANFAZHAN。DANSHISHISHANG,RENLEIWENMINGJINBUDEJIAOBUCONGLAIMEIYOUTINGZHI,JIUSHIYINWEIRENSUIRANMIANBULEBEIRENXINGZHONGEDEYIMIANYOUHUOYISHI,DANYIEYANGSHAN、BAOTUANCHENGQUNSHIZHONGSHI“XUEYICHENGREN”DEZHUXUANLV,SHIRENLEISHEHUIWENMINGFAZHANDEZHUJIDIAO。

  LINGHESIWEIBENZHISHANGSHIYIZHONGGULI、JINGZHI、PIANMIANDEXINGERSHANGXUESIWEI。LINGHESIWEIZHISUOYIWEILEYIKESHUMUERGANYUANSHIDIAOYIPIANSENLIN,SHIYINWEIXINGERSHANGXUESIWEIKANBUDAOSHEHUISHIJIANZHONGDEHEZUO、BIANHUA、FAZHAN,WUSHIKAIFANGJINBUDEKEGUANGUILV。DUIYUBINGCHILINGHESIWEIDERENLAISHUO,ZHIYOUYANQIANDE、DANGXIADELIYICAISHIZHENSHIKEKAODE,QITADEDOUBUCUNZAI、DOUBUZUOSHU。ZHEIZHONGXINGERSHANGXUESIWEIRONGYIDAOZHILIANGZHONGQINGXIANG: YISHIBEIGUAN,DUIWEILAIMEIYOUYEBUGANYOUXINXIN,ZONGDANXINYIJINGDEDAODEDONGXIHUISHIQU;ERSHIBAOSHOU,DUIYUFAZHANBIANHUAHUAIYOUSHENSHENDEKONGJU,ZONGDANXINBIERENCHAOGUOZIJI。SHISHISHANG,RENZUOWEISHEHUIXINGDECUNZAI,BUSHIZAIFENGBIZHUANGTAIZHONGZISHENGZIMIE,ERSHIZAIBUDUANZOUXIANGKAIFANGDEGUOCHENGZHONGZHENGMINGHESHIXIANZIJIDECUNZAI。SUIRANYANQIANDEDANGAOJIUNEIMEDUO,DANFANGKAIYANJIE,WAIMIANHAIYOUGENGDUODEDANGAO;SUIRANDANGXIADEDANGAOJIUNEIMEDA,DANZHANGYUANLAIKAN,JIANGLAIHUIZUOCHUGENGDADEDANGAO。LINGHESIWEIZIGUNQIUTIYUFENGBI、JUJUEHEZUO,FENGXINGNISHUGUNQIUTIYUYING、YINGZHETONGCHIDELAOYITAOLUOJI,CAIQUERYUGUNQIUTIYUZHA、YILINWEIHEDELAOYITAOBANFA,JIEGUOBIRANSHIFENGSHANGBIERENDEMENYEDUZHUZIJIDELU,QINSHIZIJIFAZHANDEGENJIYESUNHAIRENLEIDEWEILAI,ZUIZHONGHAIRENHAIJI。

  互利共赢是时代潮流,零和思维固步自封、不合时宜

  BALINGHESIWEIYUNYONGDAOXIANDAIGUOJIJIAOWANGZHONG,FEICHANGBUHESHIYI。SUIZHERENLEISHEHUIJINRUMAKESISUOJIANGDESHIJIELISHISHIDAI,JINGJIQUANQIUHUASHIGEGEMINZU、GEGEGUOJIATONGGUOGUOJISHICHANGDEPUBIANJIAOWANGZAISHENGCHANHEXIAOFEIDENGFANGMIANYUELAIYUELIANCHENGYITI,SHIJIEGEGUOZHIJIANDEGUNQIUTIYUHEZUOJIHUBIANJIGEGELINGYU。ZHEIZHONGGUANGFANGUNQIUTIYUHEZUODAILAIDEHULIGONGYINGRANGSHIJIEJINGJIZENGZHANGHUODEQIANGJINGDONGLI,RANGSHIJIEZHENGZHIGEJUYEXIANGDUIWENDINGXIALAI。DIERCISHIJIEDAZHANYIHOU,QUANQIUYOU13GEJINGJITISHIXIANLE25NIANYISHANGDEGAOSUZENGZHANG,QIGONGTONGTEZHENGJIUSHICAIQUKAIFANGZHENGCE,GEZHANQIZHANG,GEDEQISUO。SHIJIECHAOLIU,HAOHAODANGDANG,SHUNZHIZECHANG,NIZHIZEWANG。JINGJIQUANQIUHUASHISHEHUISHENGCHANLIFAZHANDEKEGUANYAOQIUHEKEJIJINBUDEBIRANJIEGUO,BUSHINAXIEREN、NAXIEGUOJIARENWEIZAOCHULAIDE。XIJINPINGZHUXIZHICHU,SHIJIEJINGJIDEDAHAI,NIYAOHAISHIBUYAO,DOUZAINEIER,SHIHUIBIBULEDE。XIANGRENWEIQIEDUANGEGUOJINGJIDEZIJINLIU、JISHULIU、CHANPINLIU、CHANYELIU、RENYUANLIU,RANGSHIJIEJINGJIDEDAHAITUIHUIDAOYIGEYIGEGULIDEXIAOHUBO、XIAOHELIU,SHIBUKENENGDE,YESHIBUFUHELISHICHAOLIUDE。RUGUOWANGGUSHIDAICHAOLIUYUSHEHUIQIDAI,SHENTIYIJINRU21SHIJI,ERNAODAIHAITINGLIUZAIGUOQU,TINGLIUZAIZHIMINKUOZHANGDEJIUSHIDAILI,TINGLIUZAILINGHEBOYILAOKUANGKUANGNEI,JIUHUIZISHIQIGUO,BANQISHITOUZAZIJIDEJIAO。

滚球体育  DANGQIAN,JINGJIQUANQIUHUA、QUYUYITIHUAKUAISUFAZHAN,GEGEGUOJIAHEDIQUJIECHENGNIZHONGYOUGUNQIUTIYU、GUNQIUTIYUZHONGYOUNI,YIRONGJURONG、YISUNJUSUNDEGUANXI。YINER,GUNQIUTIYUZAICHULIGUOJIGUANXISHIBIXUBINGQIGUOSHIDELINGHESIWEI,BUNENGZHIZHUIQIUNISHAOGUNQIUTIYUDUO、SUNRENLIJI,GENGBUNENGGAONISHUGUNQIUTIYUYING、YINGZHETONGCHI。ZHIYOUYILIJIANGUCAINENGYILIJIANDE,ZHIYOUYILIPINGHENGCAINENGYILIGONGYING。ZAIGUOJIGUANXIZHONG,YAOTUOSHANCHULIYIHELIDEGUANXI。ZHENGZHISHANG,YAOZUNSHOUGUOJIFAHEGUOJIGUANXIJIBENYUANZE,BINGCHIGONGDAOZHENGYI,JIANCHIPINGDENGXIANGDAI。JINGJISHANG,YAOLIZUQUANJU、FANGYANZHANGYUAN,JIANCHIHULIGONGYING、GONGTONGFAZHAN。HULIGONGYINGSHUODAODIJIUSHIZIJIFAZHANDEHAO,YEYAORANGBIERENFAZHANDEHAO。ZHONGGUORENMINSHENZHISHIXIANGUOJIAFANRONGFUQIANGDEJIANXIN,DUIGEGUORENMINQUDEDEFAZHANCHENGJIUDOUYUYIDIANZAN、SONGSHANGZHUFU,XIWANGTAMENDERIZIYUEGUOYUEHAO,BUHUIFAN“HONGYANBING”,BUHUIBAOYUANTARENDALEZHONGGUOFAZHANDEBIANCHE。BUJINRUCI,ZHONGGUORENMINHAIZHANGKAISHUANGBEIHUANYINGGEGUORENMINDACHENGZHONGGUOFAZHANDEKUAICHE,NULIRANGSHIJIEGEGUORENMINDEMENGXIANGGEMEIQIMEI、MEIMEIYUGONG。

  GUOJIJIAOWANGZHONGDEDEYUSHI,WANGWANGHENNANZHIGUANDITIXIANCHULAI。GUQIEBUSHUOZHENGZHILINGYUDESHOUYIBUKENENGYONGSHUZILIANGHUACHULAI,JIUSHIJINGJILINGYUDEDESHIYEHENNANJINXINGJIANDANDESHUZILIANGHUA。LIRU,MEIGUODUIZHONGGUOTIAOQIMAOYIZHANDEJIEKOUSHILIANGGUOZHIJIANMAOYINICHATAIDA,MEIGUOQIYEHEXIAOFEIZHECHIKUILE。DANCONGZHONGMEILIANGGUOMAOYIELAIKANQUEHURUCI,DANSHISHIZHENXIANGQIAQIAXIANGFAN。YITAIPINGGUO7SHOUJISHOUJIAZUIDIWEI649MEIYUAN,DANSHUYUZHONGGUODEJIAGONGCHENGBENJINZHANBUDAO1%;ZHONGGUODUIMEIGUOCHUKOUYITAO450MEIYUANDEXIFU,ZHONGMEIHUODEDELIRUNFENBIEWEI5%HE84%。ZHONGGUOJINGJIZAIKAIFANGFAZHAN、ZIYOUMAOYIZHONGHUODELEZHANGZUFAZHAN,DANZHEIZHONGFAZHANSUOXINGCHENGDEPANGDAXIAOFEISHICHANG、WANZHENGCHANYELIAN、SHULIANLAODONGZHECHUBEI,YEWEIBAOKUOMEIGUOZAINEIDESHIJIEGEGUOTIGONGLEFAZHANJIHUI。MUQIAN,ZHONGGUOSHIMEIGUOPINGGUOGONGSIHETONGYONGQICHEGONGSIDEZUIDAXIAOFEISHICHANG。2017NIAN,MEIGUOTONGYONGQICHEGONGSIZAIQUANQIUKUISUN109.8YIYUANRENMINBI,DANCONGZAIHUALIANGJIAHEZIQIYEZHUANQULE133.3YIYUANLIRUN。MEIGUOGAOTONGGONGSIZAIZHONGGUOSHICHANGDEXIAOSHOUEZHANQIZONGYINGSHOUDE58%,MEIYOUZHONGGUOSHICHANG,GAOTONGDEBANBIJIANGSHANJIUMEIYOULE。LINGHESIWEIXIADEMEIGUOBAGAOGUANSHUIZHIBIAOSHEXIANGZHONGGUO,DANZUIZHONGHUIBEISHANGDIFAXIAN,ZHENZHENGCITONGDESHIMEIGUOQIYEHEMEIGUOMINZHONG。

  XIJINPINGZHUXIQIANGDIAO,GAOBAOHUZHUYIRUTONGBAZIJIGUANJINHEIWUZI,KANSIDUOGUOLEFENGCHUIYUDA,DANYEGEJUELEYANGGUANGHEKONGQI。DAMAOYIZHANDEJIEGUOZHINENGSHILIANGBAIJUSHANG。ZHEIKEWEIYIYUZHONGDE,QIEZHONGYAOHAI。GUOJIHUOBIJIJINZUZHIYUJI,MEIGUOYUQITAGUOJIAJINXINGMAOYIZHANSUOZAOCHENGDESUNSHI,KENENGHUILINGQUANQIUJINGJIZENGSULIANXU3NIANJIANGDI0.5%,QUANQIUGDPJIANGYINCISUNSHIYUE4300YIMEIYUAN。JINGJIHEZUOYUFAZHANZUZHIYEFACHUJINGGAOCHENG,RUGUOZHONGMEIOUDEGUANSHUICHENGBENTIGAO10%,JIANGSHIQUANQIUGDPZENGSUJIANGDI1.4%。ZHEIJIUHAOBIYIGEZUIHANHENGCHONGZHIZHUANGCHUANGJINCIQIDIAN,ZAINAZOUTAXIANGYAODEDONGXIDETONGSHI,BAQITACIQIYEDALEGEXILIHUALA。GENGKEBEIDESHI,MEIGUOBUJIANDENENGNADAOZIJIXIANGYAODEDONGXI,YINWEIZAIDASUIQITACIQIDETONGSHI,TAZIJIXIANGYAODEDONGXIYENANYIXINGMIAN。

  构建人类命运共同体是发展方向,零和思维画地为牢、没有出路

  SHIJIEFAZHANHENKUAI,DANSHIJIEDEFAZHANBINGFEIJINSHANJINMEI,YECUNZAIHENDUOWENTI,RUFAZHANSHIHENG、ZHILIKUNJING、SHUZIHONGGOU、GONGPINGCHIZIDENG。YOUWENTIBUKEPA,KEPADESHIBUGANZHIMIANWENTI,ZHAOBUDAOJIEJUEWENTIDESILU;GENGKEPADESHIWUSHIZHENWENTI、JIUCHANJIAWENTI,CAIQUCUOWUDEJIEJUEFANGSHI,ZHEIHUIYINFAGENGDADEWENTI。

滚球体育  DANGJINSHIJIERIYICHENGWEIYIGE“DIQIUCUN”,RENLEILIYIGAODURONGHE,BICIXIANGHUYICUN,SHISHISHANGYIJINGCHENGWEINIZHONGYOUGUNQIUTIYU、GUNQIUTIYUZHONGYOUNIDEMINGYUNGONGTONGTI。SHIJIEBUJINYAOZAISHISHISHANGCHENGWEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI,GENGYAOZAIRENMENDESIXIANGGUANNIANZHONGCHENGWEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI,RANGDAJIAXIANGXIANGERXING。ZHONGGUOCHANGDAOGOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIZHENGSHIJIYUZHEIYANGDERENSHI。SHIJIEBUJINSHI“NIDE”“GUNQIUTIYUDE”“TADE”,GENGSHI“GUNQIUTIYUDE”。RENLEIYOUGONGTONGDELIYI,YEYOUGONGTONGDEWENTI。ZHEIXIELIYIZHIYOUGONGTONGHEZUOCAINENGHUODE,ZHEIXIEWENTIZHIYOUGONGTONGYINGDUICAINENGHUAJIE。RULIANGSHIANQUAN、ZIYUANDUANQUE、QIHOUBIANHUA、WANGLUOGONGJI、RENKOUBAOZHA、HUANJINGWURAN、JIBINGLIUXING、KUAGUOFANZUIDENG,ZHEIXIEWENTIDECHUXIANJIQIZAOCHENGDEYINGXIANGSHIQUANQIUXINGDE,ERQIYOUXIAOJIEJUEYEYOULAIYUSHIJIEGEGUODETONGLIHEZUO。

滚球体育  “JILIZHISUOJU,ZEWUBUSHENGYE;ZHONGZHIZHISUOWEI,ZEWUBUCHENGYE。”GOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIXUYAOTONGZHOUGONGJIDESHIJIANZIJUE,JIZAIZHUIQIUBENGUOLIYISHIJIANGUTAGUOHELIGUANQIE,ZAIMOUQIUBENGUOFAZHANZHONGCUJINGEGUOGONGTONGFAZHAN,XINGCHENGZENGZHANGLIANDONGXIAOYING,JIANLIGENGJIAPINGDENGJUNHENGDEXINXINGQUANQIUFAZHANHUOBANGUANXI,ZENGJINRENLEIGONGTONGLIYI,GONGTONGGUNQIUTIYUYIGEGENGJIAMEIHAODEDIQIUJIAYUAN。

  ZAIGUOJIGUANXIZHONG,LINGHESIWEIZHISUOYICHENZHAFANQI,ZHUYAOYUANYINZAIYUMEIGUODUIXINXINGSHICHANGJINGJIGUOJIAKUAISUFAZHANXINCUNDICHUSHENZHIWEIJU,RENWEIZHEIXIEGUOJIADONGLEQINAILAO。YOUYUZHANGQIYIZHANGJUEDUIYOUSHIDIWEITUIXINGBAQUANZHUYI,MEIGUOYIXIERENBABUYIZHIJUDANGZUOLISUODANGRAN,BAMINGRIHUANGHUAXIANGXIANGCHENGZHANGQINGZHISHU。YUSHI,ZAIPIANZHIDELISHIJIYIYOUSHIXIA,LINGHESIWEIXIANRUZIGUNQIUTIYUSHIXIANDEEXINGXUNHUAN。QIANGQUANJUEFEIZHENGYI,YEBUJIANDEZHENQIANG。LISHISHANGYEXUGUANYONGGUO,DANXIANZAIBULINGLE,JIANGLAIGENGXINGBUTONG。SHIJIEMINGYUNYINGYOUGEGUOGONGTONGZHANGWO,GUOJIGUIZEYINGYOUGEGUOGONGTONGSHUXIE,QUANQIUSHIWUYINGYOUGEGUOGONGTONGZHILI,FAZHANCHENGGUOYINGYOUGEGUOGONGTONGFENXIANG。SUIZHESHIJIEJINGJISHENDURONGHEHEFAZHANZHONGGUOJIASHILIBUDUANSHANGSHENG,WANSHANQUANQIUJINGJIZHILITIXI,SHIXIANZAIGONGPINGZHENGYIJICHUSHANGDEHULIGONGYING,FANGSHIRENJIANZHENGDAO。BUNENGTONGCHIJIU“ZAGUO”,YIYANBUHEJIU“TUIQUN”,ZHEISHIMEIYOUCHULUDE。

  GUNQIUTIYUYIGEGENGJIAMEIHAODESHIJIESHIGUNQIUTIYUZHEIGESHIDAIDEYUANJING,YESHIGUNQIUTIYUZHEIGESHIDAIDESHIMING。JIGUNQIUTIYUZIJIHEGUNQIUTIYUDEHOURENCHUANGZAOYIGECHIJIUHEPING、PUBIANANQUAN、GONGTONGFANRONG、KAIFANGBAORONG、QINGJIEMEILIDESHIJIE,XUYAOGEGUOJIANCHIHULIGONGYING、TONGZHOUGONGJI,TUIDONGGOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI,ERBUNENGRANGLINGHESIWEIMENGBILEXINZHI,YIZHIGUBUZIFENG、HUADIWEILAO、DAOXINGNISHI。TAIPINGYANGZUGOUDA,WANQUANRONGDEXIAZHOUBIANGEGUOHEPINGFAZHAN;DIQIUGENGDA,WANQUANKEYIRANGSHIJIE70DUOYIRENHUACHUZUIXINZUIMEIDETUHUA。DUOYIXIEMINGYUNGONGTONGTIYISHI,DUOYIXIEZHANLVEYANGUANG,LINGHESIWEIJIQIWEIHAIJIUHUISHAOYIXIE。

  (ZHIBI: XINMING)

  (网络编辑: 张慧婷)

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