滚球体育

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领导干部要读点历史

——在中央党校2011年秋季学期开学典礼上的讲话

01 2011-09

15:11

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 习近平

滚球体育  ZHONGYANGDANGXIAO2011NIANQIUJIXUEQIJINTIANZHENGSHIKAIXUELE。GUNQIUTIYUDAIBIAOZHONGYANGDANGXIAOXIAOWEI,XIANGQUANTIXUEYUANBIAOSHIRELIEHUANYING。  

滚球体育  TONGZHIMENFANGXIAFANMANGDEGONGZUOLAIDAOZHONGYANGDANGXIAO,ZHUYAORENWUSHIXUEXI。ZHONGDIANSHIXUEXIMAKESIZHUYILILUN,TONGSHIHAIYAOXUEXIZUOHAOGONGZUOXUYAODEQITAZHISHI,BAOKUOLISHIZHISHI。JINTIAN,GUNQIUTIYUZHUYAOJIULINGDAOGANBUYAODUDIANLISHITANYIXIETIHUIHERENSHI,HEDAJIAGUNQIUTIYU。  

  YI、XUEXIHEZONGJIELISHI,JIEJIANHEYUNYONGLISHIJINGYAN,SHIGUNQIUTIYUDANGYIGUANZHONGSHIBINGCHANGDAODEZUOHAOLINGDAOGONGZUOYIGEZHONGYAODESIXIANGHEFANGFA  

滚球体育  LISHISHIYIGEMINZU、YIGEGUOJIAXINGCHENG、FAZHANJIQISHENGSHUAIXINGWANGDEZHENSHIJILU,SHIQIANRENDE“BAIKEQUANSHU”,JIQIANRENGEZHONGZHISHI、JINGYANHEZHIHUIDEZONGHUI。MAOZEDONGTONGZHIZAIQINGNIANQIUXUESHIQIJIUCENGSHUOGUO: DUSHI,SHIZHIHUIDESHI。JIUSHISHUO: NIYAOZENGJIAZHIHUIMA?SHISHUSHIBUKEBUDUDE。LISHISHICONGZUOTIANZOUDAOJINTIANZAIZOUXIANGMINGTIAN,LISHIDELIANXISHIBUKENENGGEDUANDE,RENMENZONGSHIZAIJICHENGQIANRENDEJICHUSHANGXIANGQIANFAZHANDE。GUJINZHONGWAI,GAIMONENGWAI。  

  GUNQIUTIYUDANGZAILINGDAOGEMING、GUNQIUTIYU、GAIGEDEJINCHENGZHONG,YIGUANZHONGSHILISHIJINGYANDEJIEJIANHEYUNYONG,YIGUANCHANGDAOLINGDAOGANBUYAODUDIANLISHI,YAOSHANYUYUNYONGLISHIZHISHI。1938NIAN10YUE,MAOZEDONGTONGZHIZAIDANGDELIUJIELIUZHONGQUANHUISHANGZHICHU: “JINTIANDEZHONGGUOSHILISHIDEZHONGGUODEYIGEFAZHAN;GUNQIUTIYUSHIMAKESIZHUYIDELISHIZHUYIZHE,GUNQIUTIYUBUYINGDANGGEDUANLISHI。CONGKONGFUZIDAOSUNZHONGSHAN,GUNQIUTIYUYINGDANGJIYIZONGJIE,CHENGJIZHEIYIFENZHENGUIDEYICHAN。ZHEIDUIYUZHIDAODANGQIANDEWEIDADEYUNDONG,SHIYOUZHONGYAODEBANGZHUDE。”1944NIAN,ZAIZHONGGUOGEMINGXUNSUFAZHAN、KANGRIZHANZHENGSHENGLIZAIWANGDESHIHOU,TAGAODUPINGJIAGUOMORUOZHUANXIEDE《JIASHENSANBAINIANJI》,YAOQIUZAIJIEFANGQUZHONGYINZHEIPIANWENZHANG,MUDESHI“JIAOTONGZHIMENYINWEIJIANJIE,BUYAOZHONGFANSHENGLISHIJIAOAODECUOWU”。XINZHONGGUOJIANLIYIHOU,MAOZEDONGTONGZHIDUOCIXIANGQUANDANGTEBIESHILINGDAOGANBUFACHUXUEXILISHIDEHAOZHAO,QIANGDIAOYAOLEJIEZHONGGUOLISHIHESHIJIELISHI,TEBIEYAOLEJIEHEDONGDEYAPIANZHANZHENGYILAIDEZHONGGUOJINDAILISHIHEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDELISHI。  

  DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIYESHIFENZHONGSHIXUEXILISHIHEJIEJIANLISHIJINGYAN。TABALEJIEHEDONGDELISHIKANZUOSHI“ZHONGGUOFAZHANDEYIGEJINGSHENDONGLI”,MINGQUEZHICHU“ZONGJIELISHISHIWEILEKAIPIWEILAI”,FANFUQIANGDIAO“YAOYONGLISHIJIAOYUQINGNIAN,JIAOYURENMIN”。DANGDESHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIYIHOU,DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIHEZHONGYANGLINGDAOJITIYIQI,LINGDAOQUANDANGZONGJIEGUNQIUTIYUGUOGUNQIUTIYUSHEHUIZHUYIZHENGFANLIANGFANGMIANJINGYAN,JIEJIANQITASHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIAXINGSHUAICHENGBAIDELISHIJINGYAN,ZHIDINGLEDANGZAISHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUAN“YIGEZHONGXIN、LIANGGEJIBENDIAN”DEJIBENLUXIANHEYIZHENGTAOFANGZHENZHENGCE,KAIPILEGUNQIUTIYUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXINDAOLU,WEIDANGHEGUOJIASHIYESHUNLIFAZHANZHIMINGLEZHENGQUEFANGXIANG。 

滚球体育  JIANGZEMINTONGZHITONGYANGGAODUZHONGSHILISHIHELISHIJINGYANDEXUEXIYUYUNYONG,DUOCIQIANGDIAODANGHEGUOJIAGEJILINGDAOGANBUYAOZHUYIDUSHI,GAOJIGANBUYOUQIYAODAITOUZHEIYANGZUO。TAZHICHU: “JINTIANDEZHONGGUOSHILISHIDEZHONGGUODEFAZHAN,ZUOWEIDANGDAIZHONGGUODELINGDAOGANBU,RUGUOBULEJIEZHONGGUODELISHI,TEBIESHIZHONGGUODEJINDAISHI、XIANDAISHIHEGUNQIUTIYUDANGDELISHI,JIUBUKENENGRENSHIHEBAWOZHONGGUOSHEHUIFAZHANDEKEGUANGUILV,JICHENGHEFAYANGGUNQIUTIYUDANGZAIZHANGQIDOUZHENGZHONGXINGCHENGDEGUANGRONGCHUANTONG,YEJIUBUNENGSHENGRENLINGDAOGUNQIUTIYUYOUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEZHIZE。”  

滚球体育  DANGDESHILIUDAYIHOU,HUJINTAOTONGZHIDUIZHONGSHIXUEXILISHI、JIEJIANHEYUNYONGLISHIJINGYANYOUYIXILIEZHONGYAOLUNSHU。TAZHICHU: “ZAIXINXINGSHIXIA,GUNQIUTIYUYAOGENGJIAZHONGSHIXUEXILISHIZHISHI,GENGJIAZHUZHONGYONGZHONGGUOLISHITEBIESHIZHONGGUOGEMINGSHILAIJIAOYUDANGYUANGANBUHERENMIN。BUJINYAOXUEXIZHONGGUOLISHI、HAIYAOXUEXISHIJIELISHI,BUJINYAOYOUSHENYUANDELISHIYANGUANG、ERQIEYAOYOUKUANGUANGDESHIJIEYANGUANG。”TAQIANGDIAO: “ZHIYOUMINGJILISHI,TEBIESHIMINGJIGUNQIUTIYUDANGLINGDAORENMINCHUANGZAODEZHONGGUOGEMINGSHI,CAINENGSHENKELEJIEGUOQU、QUANMIANBAWOXIANZAI、ZHENGQUECHUANGZAOWEILAI。”  

  HUIGUDANGDELISHIKEYIQINGCHUDIKANDAO,ZHONGSHIDUILISHIDEXUEXIHEDUILISHIJINGYANDEZONGJIEYUYUNYONG,SHANYUCONGBUDUANRENSHIHEBAWOLISHIGUILVZHONGZHAODAOQIANJINDEZHENGQUEFANGXIANGHEZHENGQUEDAOLU,ZHEISHIGUNQIUTIYUDANG90NIANLAIZHISUOYINENGGOULINGDAOZHONGGUOGEMING、GUNQIUTIYU、GAIGEBUDUANQUDESHENGLIDEYIGEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。  

滚球体育  LINGDAOGANBUDUDIANLISHI,YOUZHUYUTIGAOWENHUASUYANGHESIXIANGZHENGZHIXIUYANG,YOUZHUYUTIGAOGONGZUONENGLIHELINGDAOSHUIPING。LISHIJISHULEQIANRENJILEIDEGEZHONGKEXUEWENHUAZHISHI,JISHULETAMENZHILIGUOJIAHESHEHUIDESIXIANGYUZHIHUI,JISHULETAMENJINGLIDECHENGGONGHESHIBAIDEJINGYANYUJIAOXUN,XUEXIHELEJIEZHEIXIELISHISHANGDEWENHUAZHISHI、SIXIANGZHIHUI、JINGYANJIAOXUN,BENZHE“ZEQISHANZHEERCONGZHI,QIBUSHANZHEERQUZHI”DEKEXUETAIDU,JIEHELINGDAOGANBUDESIXIANGHEGONGZUOSHIJI,HUOZHEXIQUYINGYONG,HUOZHEZUOWEIJIEJIAN,HUOZHEYINWEIJINGJIE,ZHEIDUIYUTIGAOGUNQIUTIYUDESIXIANGZHENGZHISHUIPING、GAIJINGUNQIUTIYUDEGONGZUO,SHIHUIDAYOUZHUYIDE。GUNQIUTIYUDELINGDAOGONGZUOZONGHEXING、XITONGXINGQIANG,YAOQIULINGDAOGANBUXUEXIDUOFANGMIANZHISHI,QIZHONGLISHIZHISHISHIYIGEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEFANGMIAN。GUNQIUTIYUBUSHAOLINGDAOGANBU,JIBENDEZIRANKEXUE、JISHUKEXUE、GUANLIKEXUEZHISHIHEJIBENDEWENHUAZHISHI、GONGZUOJINGYANDOUSHIJUBEIDE,ERDUIMAKESIZHUYIZHEXUEZHISHIHEZHONGWAILISHIZHISHIHAIQUEFASHENRUDEXUEXIHELEJIE。ZHEXUESHIRENLEIDEZHIHUIZHIXUE,LISHISHIQIANRENDESHIJIANHEZHIHUIZHISHU。SUOYI,GEJILINGDAOGANBUYAOZHUZHONGJIAQIANGDUIMAKESIZHUYIZHEXUEDEXUEXIHEDUILISHIDEXUEXI。LINGDAOGANBUBUGUANCHUZAINAGECENGCIHEGANGWEI,DOUYINGGAIDUDIANLISHI,TONGGUOXUEXILISHIBUDUANSHENHUADUIRENLEISHEHUIFAZHANGUILV、SHEHUIZHUYIGUNQIUTIYUGUILVHEGONGCHANDANGZHIZHENGGUILVDERENSHI,BUDUANFENGFUZIJIDELISHIZHISHI,ZHEIYANGCAINENGSHIZIJIDEYANJIEHEXIONGJINDAWEIKAIKUO,RENSHINENGLIHEJINGSHENJINGJIEDAWEITIGAO,SHIZIJIDELINGDAOGONGZUOSHUIPINGBUDUANDEYITISHENG。 

滚球体育  ER、LINGDAOGANBUXUEXILISHI,YAOXUEXIZHONGGUOLISHI,LEJIEHEDONGDEZIGUYILAIZHONGGUORENMINCHUANGZAODECANLANLISHIWENHUA,CONGZHONGJIQUYOUYIYUJIAQIANGXIUYANG、ZUOHAOGONGZUODEZHIHUIHEYINGYANG  

  GULAODEZHONGHUAWENMINGZAOYIWENMINGYUSHI,TAYUGUDAIAIJIWENMING、LIANGHEWENMING、YINDUWENMINGBINGCHENGWEILISHIZUIYOUJIUDESHIJIESIDAWENMING。DANAIJI、LIANGHE、YINDUSANGEDIFANGDEGUDAIWENMINGHOULAIDOUZHONGDUANLE,WEIYOUZHONGHUAWENMINGWUQIANNIANLAIYIMAIXIANGCHENG、CONGWEIZHONGDUAN,YIZHIYANXUDAOJINTIAN。JIQIANNIANLAI,GUNQIUTIYUGUOLIUCHUANXIALAIDEGEZHONGLISHIWENHUADIANJIHAORUYANHAI,QIFENGFUHEWANBEIDECHENGDU,MEIYOURENHEYIGEGUOJIAKEYIXIANGBI。ZHEISHIZHONGHUAWENMINGTEYOUDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI,SHIZHONGHUAMINZUDEBAOGUICAIFU。GUNQIUTIYUDEGEJILINGDAOGANBUSUOCHUDEGANGWEIZHIZEBUTONG,DUIZHONGGUOLISHIDEXUEXIHUIYOUBUTONGDEJUTIXUQIU,DANDUSHIKEYIMINGZHI、ZHIGUFANGNENGJIANJINDEDAOLIDOUYINGGAIDONGDE,DOUYINGGAIJIEHEZIJIDEGONGZUOSHIJIZIJUEDIXUEXILISHI。  

  GUNQIUTIYUYAOXUEXIHEFAYANGZHONGHUAMINZUDEYOULIANGCHUANTONG。ZAIMANZHANGDELISHIFAZHANJINCHENGZHONG,ZHONGHUAMINZUCENGSHOUGUOWUSHULAIZINEIBUDEMAODUNYUCHONGTUHELAIZIWAIBUDETIAOZHANYUWEIXIE,RUZIRANZAIHAI、SHEHUIDONGDANG、WANGCHAOGENGTI、WAIBURUQINDENGDENG,DANZHONGHUAMINZUQUEYICICIZHANSHENGZAINAN,YICICIDUGUONANGUAN,SHITONGYIDEDUOMINZUGUOJIADEYIBUDUANGONGGUHEFAZHAN。JIUQINEIZAIYUANYIN,JIUZAIYUZHONGHUAMINZUCHANSHENGHEXINGCHENGLEWEIZHENGGEMINZUGONGTONGRENKE、PUBIANJIESHOUERFUYOUQIANGDASHENGMINGLIDEYOULIANGCHUANTONG。BIRUCHONGSHANGMINZUTUANJIEDEYOULIANGCHUANTONG。ZIGUYILAI,ZHONGGUOXIANXIANZAIDUIDAIMINZU、BANGGUODEGUANXISHANG,CHANGDAOYI“XIEHEWANBANG”JIHEPINGGONGCHUWEIBANGJIAOYUANZE,YI“TIANXIADATONG”JIGONGTONGSHEHUILIXIANGWEIZHUIQIUMUBIAO。ZAIZHONGHUAMINZUDAJIATINGDEXINGCHENGGUOCHENGZHONG,GEMINZUZHIJIANYOUMAODUNCHONGTUGENGYOUGUNQIUTIYURONGHE,ZAICHONGTUHERONGHEZHONGGUANXIYUELAIYUEMIQIE,CHENGWEIMINZUGUANXIDEZHULIU。CONGXIANQINDAOQINHAN,JINGWEIJINNANBEICHAO、SUITANGWUDAIDAOSONGYUANMINGQING,QIANBAINIANDEGUNQIUTIYURONGHE,SHIDEGEMINZUNANFENNANJIE,ZHONGYUXINGCHENG56GEMINZUGONGTONGZUCHENGDEXUEMAIXIANGLIAN、XIUQIYUGONG、TUANJIEJINBUDEZHONGHUAMINZUDAJIATING。YOUBIRUWEIHUGUOJIATONGYIDEYOULIANGCHUANTONG。LIDAIZHONGGUORENMINWEIHUGUOJIATONGYIDESIXIANGYUANYUANLIUZHANG、GENSHENDIGU。CHUNQIUSHIQI,KONGZIXIUDING《CHUNQIU》,BAOHAN“DAYITONG”SIXIANG。DAOLEQINHANSHIQI,“DAYITONG”YICHENGWEIDANGSHIZHENGZHISIXIANGLINGYUZHONGDEZHULIU。JIYUZHEIZHONGRENSHI,GEZURENMINDOUBAWEIHUGUOJIATONGYIKANZUOTIANJINGDIYI、YIBURONGCIDESHENSHENGSHIMINGYUZEREN。JINGUANZAIYIXIELISHISHIQIYECENGCHUXIANGUOFENLIEJUMIAN,DANTONGYISHIZHONGSHIZHULIU。ERQIEBULUNFENLIEDESHIJIANYOUDUOZHANG、FENLIEDEJUMIANYOUDUOYANZHONG,ZUIZHONGDOUHUIZHONGXINZOUXIANGTONGYI。ZAIBIRUZIQIANGBUXIDEYOULIANGCHUANTONG。GUNQIUTIYUDEXIANZHEHENZAOJIUTICHU“TIANXINGJIAN,JUNZIYIZIQIANGBUXI”DESIXIANG,ZHEISHIZHONGHUAMINZUJIJIJINQU、GANGJIANYOUWEI、YONGWANGZHIQIANDENEIZAIDONGLI。GUDAISHENHUAZHONGLIUCHUANDE“JINGWEITIANHAI”、“NVWABUTIAN”、“YUGONGYISHAN”,KONGZICHANGDAODE“XUEDAOBUJUAN、HUIRENBUYAN”,“FAFENWANGSHI、LEYIWANGYOU”,YUEWANGGOUJIANDEWOXINCHANGDAN,HANSHISUWUDEYINXUETUNZHAN,YIJIWENWANGJUERYAN《ZHOUYI》、QUYUANZHUERFU《LISAO》、SIMAQIANRENRUERZUO《SHIJI》DENGDENG,WUBUTIXIANCHUZHONGHUAMINZUGANGQIANGJIANYI、ZIQIANGBUXIDEYOULIANGCHUANTONGHEJIJIJINQUDERENSHENGTAIDU。GUNQIUTIYUXUEXIZHONGGUOLISHI,JIUYAOJICHENGZHONGHUAMINZUDEYOULIANGCHUANTONG,CONGZHONGJIQUSIXIANGJINGHUA,JIEHEXINDESHIJIANBUDUANFAYANGGUANGDA。  

滚球体育  GUNQIUTIYUYAOXUEXIHEJIEJIANZHONGGUOLISHISHANGZHIGUOLIZHENGDEFENGFUJINGYAN。ZHONGGUOLISHISHIZHONGGUORENMIN、ZHONGHUAMINZUJIANCHIBUXIEDECHUANGYESHIHEFAZHANSHI。QIZHONGJIYOUSHENGPINGZHISHISHEHUIFAZHANJINBUDEFENGFUJINGYAN,YEYOUSHUAILUANZHISHIDESHENKEJIAOXUNYIJIYOULUANDAOZHIDEJINGYANZHIHUI;JIYOUDANGSHIZHEDUISHISHIDEFENXICHENSHU,YEYOUHOURENDUIQIANRENDESHIDEPINGLUNZONGJIE。KEYISHUO,ZAIZHONGGUODESHIJISHULINZHIZHONG,YUNHANZHESHIFENFENGFUDEZHIGUOLIZHENGDELISHIJINGYAN。QIZHONGBAOHANZHEXUDUOSHEJIDUIGUOJIA、SHEHUI、MINZUJIGERENDECHENGYUBAI、XINGYUSHUAI、ANYUWEI、ZHENGYUXIE、RONGYURU、YIYULI、LIANYUTANDENGDENGFANGMIANDEJINGYANYUJIAOXUN。GUNQIUTIYUXUEXILISHI,YAOJIEHEGUNQIUTIYUZHENGZAIGANDESHIYEHEZHENGZAIZUODESHIQING,SHANYUJIEJIANLISHISHANGZHILIGUOJIAHESHEHUIDEGEZHONGYOUYIJINGYAN。BIRU,ZHONGGUOLISHISHANG,HENDUORENZHUZHANG“RUFABINGYONG”、“DEXINGXIANGFU”,YONGXIANZAIDEHUALAISHUO,YEJIUSHIZHUZHANGSIXIANGJIAOYUSHOUDUANYAOHEFAZHICHUZHISHOUDUANBINGYONG。FASHITALV,DESHIZILV。ZHILIGUOJIAHESHEHUISHIFUZADEXITONGGONGCHENG,BIXUTONGCHOUJIANGU,QUANMIANGUIHUA。GUNQIUTIYUDANGTICHUYIFAZHIGUOHEYIDEZHIGUOXIANGJIEHE,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGXISHOULEGURENZHEIFANGMIANDEZHILISIXIANGYUJINGYAN。YOUBIRU,ZHONGGUOLISHISHANGFANSHIYOUZUOWEIDEZHENGZHIJIADOUFEICHANGZHONGSHIRENCAIWENTI。TAMENSHENSHENDONGDE“WEIZHENGZHIDAO,RENRENWEIXIAN”DEDAOLI,ZAIXUANRENYONGRENFANGMIANLIUXIALEHENDUOKEQUDESIXIANGHEJINGYAN,ZHURUZHIRENSHANREN、XUANXIANRENNENG,CAIJIANWENWU、DECAIJIANBEI,JINGXIANJINGNENG、LIXIANXIASHI,FANGQIUJUNYAN、WEIXIANSHIJU,RENJINQICAI、CAIJINQIYONG,BIQISUODUAN、YONGQISUOZHANG,QINYUJIAOYANG、BAINIANSHURENDENGDENG。HAIYOUMENGZISHUODE“GUTIANJIANGJIANGDARENYUSIRENYE,BIXIANKUQIXINZHI,LAOQIJINGU,EQITIFU,KONGFAQISHEN,XINGFULUANQISUOWEI,SUOYIDONGXINRENXING,ZENGYIQISUOBUNENG”;HANFEIZISHUODE“ZAIXIANGBIQIYUZHOUBU,MENGJIANGBIFAYUZUWU”,QIYISHISHUOYOUXIUDEZHIGUOLIZHENGRENCAI,BIXUJINGGUOJIANKUTIAOJIANDEMOLIAN,BIXUJUYOUQIYUSHEHUIJICENGDESHIJIJINGYAN,ZHEIXIERENSHIDOUSHUOMINGLERENCAICHENGZHANGDEYIBANGUILV。GUNQIUTIYUQIANGDIAOZAIGANBUXUANBARENYONGSHANGYAOSHULIZHONGSHIJICENGDEDAOXIANG,BAJICENGYIXIANZUOWEIPEIYANGDUANLIANGANBUDEJICHUZHENDI,ZHUZHONGXUANBAZHANGQIZAITIAOJIANJIANKU、QINGKUANGFUZA、GONGZUOKUNNANDIFANGNULIGONGZUODEYOUXIUGANBU,ZHEIJISHISHIJIANJINGYANDEZONGJIE,YEYOULISHIJINGYANDEJIEJIAN。ZAIBIRU,GUNQIUTIYUGUOLISHISHANGJINGGUOKEJUZHIDENGTUJING,TANSUOCHULEBARENCAIDEPEIYANGYURENYONGFENWEILIANGLEI: TONGCAIYUZHUANCAI。ZAIZHIGUOLIZHENGZHONG,TONGCAIRENYONGYUZHENGWUGONGZUOFANGMIAN,ZHUANCAIZERENYONGYUSHIWUGONGZUOFANGMIAN。RENCAIDEPEIYANGRENYONGYINGGAIFENWEIZHENGWU、SHIWULIANGDALEI,BINGQIEYINGYOUBUTONGDEBIAOZHUN、YAOQIUHEZHIZE,PEIYANG、XUANBADETUJINGHERENYONG、KAOHEDEBANFAYEYINGBUTONG。ZHEIGEXUANRENYONGRENDELISHIJINGYAN,JINTIANRENGZHIDEGUNQIUTIYUSHENRUYANJIU。GUNQIUTIYUYAOXUEXIZHONGHUAMINZUYOUXIUDECHUANTONGWENHUAHEGAOSHANGDEJINGSHENZHUIQIU。LIJINGMONANERBUSHUAIDEZHONGHUAWENMING,YUNHANZHEFENGFUERBAOGUIDESIXIANGWENHUAYICHAN。ZHURUBILULANLV、YIQISHANLINDEKAITUOJINGSHEN,JIANNANKUNKU、YURUYUCHENGDEWANQIANGYIZHI,SHESHENGQUYI、SHISIRUGUIDEYINGXIONGQIGAI,HAINABAICHUAN、XUHUAIRUOGUDEBODAXIONGHUAI,XIUQIZHIPING、ZHIGUOANMINDEZHENGZHILIXIANG,“ZAIZHOU”“FUZHOU”、JUANSIWEIDEYOUHUANYISHI,GEGUDINGXIN、ZIQIANGBUXIDEZHIZHEZHUIQIU,DENGDENG。ZAIGUNQIUTIYUGUOLISHIZHANGHEZHONG,XUXUDUODUOXIANXIANHERENRENZHISHIDOUDUIGAOSHANGDEJINGSHENZHUIQIUZUOCHULECHANSHI。ZHURUKONGZIDE“CHAOWENDAO,XISIKEYI”;MENGZIDE“FUGUIBUNENGYIN,PINJIANBUNENGYI,WEIWUBUNENGQU”;JIAYIDE“GUOERWANGJIA,GONGERWANGSI”;ZHUGELIANGDE“JUGONGJINCUI,SIERHOUYI”;DUFUDE“ANDEGUANGSHAQIANWANJIAN,DABITIANXIAHANSHIJUHUANYAN……WULUDUPOSHOUDONGSIYIZU”;FANZHONGYANDE“XIANTIANXIAZHIYOUERYOU,HOUTIANXIAZHILEERLE”;WENTIANXIANGDE“RENSHENGZIGUSHEIWUSI,LIUQUDANXINZHAOHANQING”;GUYANWUDE“TIANXIAXINGWANG,PIFUYOUZE”;LINZEXUDE“GOULIGUOJIASHENGSIYI,QIYINHUOFUBIQUZHI”;QIUJINDE“TANIANCHENGBAILIDUNBUJIJIAO,DANSHITIEXUEZHUYIBAOZUGUO”,DENGDENG。LUXUNXIANSHENGZAI《ZHONGGUORENSHIDIAOZIXINLILEMA》YIWENZHONGZHICHU: “GUNQIUTIYUCONGGUYILAI,JIUYOUMAITOUKUGANDEREN,YOUPINMINGYINGGANDEREN,YOUWEIMINQINGMINGDEREN,YOUSHESHENQIUFADEREN……ZHEIJIUSHIZHONGGUODEJILIANG。”CONGYIDAIYIDAIZHONGDUORENRENZHISHIDERENSHENGSHIJIANZHONG,CONGZHONGHUAMINZUCHUANSONGQIANGUDESHIWENLI,GUNQIUTIYUKEYIQINGCHUDIKANDAOWEIDADEMINZUJINGSHEN、GAOSHANGDESHEHUIFENGSHANGYIJINEIXIEZHIGUOLIZHENGDESIXIANGJINGHUA。GUNQIUTIYUXUEXILISHI,JIUYAOXUEXIHEXIQUZHONGHUAMINZUCHUANCHENGXIALAIDEBAOGUISIXIANGCAIFU,CONGZHONGHUODEJINGSHENGUWU,SHENGHUASIXIANGJINGJIE,TAOYEDAODEQINGCAO,WANSHANYOULIANGPINGE,PEIYANGHAORANZHENGQI,ZUODAOZIZHONG、ZISHENG、ZIJING、ZILI,RENZHENJIANXINGQUANXINQUANYIWEIRENMINGUNQIUTIYUDEGENBENZONGZHI,JINGSHOUZHUZHIZHENGKAOYAN、GAIGEKAIFANGKAOYAN、SHICHANGJINGJIKAOYAN、WAIBUHUANJINGKAOYAN,FANGZHIJINGSHENXIEDAIDEWEIXIAN、NENGLIBUZUDEWEIXIAN、TUOLIQUNZHONGDEWEIXIAN、XIAOJIFUBAIDEWEIXIAN,WEIDANGHERENMINSHIYEBUDUANZUOCHUZIJIDEGONGXIAN。  

  SAN、LINGDAOGANBUXUEXILISHI,YAOZHUZHONGXUEXIYAPIANZHANZHENGYILAIGUNQIUTIYUGUOJINXIANDAILISHIHEZHONGGONGDANGSHI,JIASHENDUIJINXIANDAIZHONGGUOGUOQINGHEZHONGGUOSHEHUIFAZHANGUILVDERENSHI  

滚球体育  1840NIANYAPIANZHANZHENGYILAIDEZHONGGUOJINXIANDAILISHI,SHIYIBUZHONGGUORENMINWEISHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUDULI、JIEFANGHEWEIDAFUXINGERBUXIEFENDOUDELISHI。HUJINTAOTONGZHIZAI“QIYI”ZHONGYAOJIANGHUAZHONG,YONG“GUNQIUTIYUWEIDADEZUGUOJINGLILEKEGUMINGXINDEMONAN,GUNQIUTIYUWEIDADEMINZUJINXINGLEGANTIANDONGDIDEFENDOU,GUNQIUTIYUWEIDADERENMINCHUANGZAOLEBIAOBINGSHICEDEWEIYE”ZHEISANJUHUA,GAODUGAIKUOHEKEXUEZONGJIELEJINXIANDAIZHONGGUO170DUONIANDELISHI,GAOWUJIANLING、YAOYANBUFAN,WEIGUNQIUTIYUXUEXIHEBAWOZHONGGUOJINXIANDAISHITIGONGLEJIBENXIANSUO。  

  YAPIANZHANZHENGYIHOU,ZHONGGUOZHUBUCHENGWEIBANZHIMINDIBANFENGJIANSHEHUIDELISHI,SHIZHONGHUAMINZUZAOSHOUDIGUOZHUYIQINLVEHEYAPODEQURUSHI、KUNANSHI。SHIJIESHANGDEDIGUOZHUYIGUOJIA,JIHUDOUQINLVEHEQILINGGUOZHONGGUO。TAMENPINGJIEJIANCHUANLIPAO,DUIZHONGGUOFADONGYIXILIEJUNSHIQINLVE,ZHIZAOZHONGDUOCANAN,TUSHAZHONGGUORENMIN;TAMENPOSHIZHONGGUOQIANDINGYIXILIEBUPINGDENGTIAOYUE,POHUAIZHONGGUODELINGTU、SIFA、GUANSHUI、MAOYI、JIAOTONGYUNSHUDENGZHUQUAN;TAMENZAIZHONGGUOLINGTUSHANGSHELIZUJIE,QIANGXINGZHUJUN,FUZHIHESHOUMAIDAILIREN,PEIZHIQINDIGUOZHUYISHILI,KONGZHIZHONGGUOZHENGFU;TAMENLESUOPEIKUAN,QIANGJIECAIFU,DAOQIEWENWU,KONGZHIJIAOTONGKOUAN,DUIHUAJINXINGSHANGPINQINGXIAOHEZIBENSHUCHU,JINERKONGZHIZHONGGUODEJINGJIMINGMAI。DIGUOZHUYILIEQIANGDUIZHONGGUODEJUNSHIQINLVE、ZHENGZHIKONGZHI、JINGJILVEDUO、WENHUASHENTOU,JIZHONGHUAMINZUHEZHONGGUORENMINDAILAISHENZHONGZAINAN,SHIZHONGGUODEJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANSHOUDAOYANZHONGPOHUAI。ZHONGGUOZAOSHOURUCIQILING,XIANRURUCIJINGKUANG,QIGENBENYUANYINJIUSHIMAOZEDONGTONGZHISUOSHENKEZHICHUDE: “YISHISHEHUIZHIDUFUBAI,ERSHIJINGJIJISHULUOHOU”。XUEXIZHONGGUOJINXIANDAISHI,JIUYAOLEJIEJINDAIZHONGGUOSUOJINGLIDEQURULISHI,SHENKEJIQULUOHOUJIUYAOAIDA、JIUYAOSHOUQIFUDEJIAOXUN,ZENGQIANGLIJINGTUZHI、FENFATUQIANGDELISHISHIMINGGANHEZERENGAN,WEIZAI2020NIANQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI,JINERZAIBENSHIJIZHONGYEBAGUNQIUTIYUGUOGUNQIUTIYUCHENGWEIFUQIANGMINZHUWENMINGHEXIEDESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUOERNULIFENDOU。  

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  JINDAIYILAI,JIUWANGTUCUNCHENGWEIZHONGHUAMINZUHEZHONGGUORENMINPOZAIMEIJIEDELISHISHIMING。ZHENGQUMINZUDULI、RENMINJIEFANG,SHIXIANGUOJIAFUQIANG、RENMINFUYU,CHENGWEIZHONGGUORENMINBIXUWANCHENGDELIANGDALISHIRENWU。ZHEILIANGGELISHIRENWUXIANGHUXIANJIE,QIANZHESHIHOUZHEDEJICHU。NEIME,BIXUZOUSHENMEYANGDEDAOLU、BIXUYISHENMEYANGDESIXIANGLILUNWEIZHIDAO、BIXUYOUNAGEJIEJINAGEZHENGDANGLAILINGDAORENMINJINXINGDOUZHENGCAINENGSHIXIANZHEILIANGDALISHIRENWU,JIUCHENGWEIZHONGGUOJINXIANDAILISHIDEHEXINWENTI。JINDAIYILAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIGEZHONGZHENGZHILILIANGHEZHENGZHIZHUZHANGZHENGLUNHEJIAOLIANGDESHIZHI,SHIBUTONGDELISHIDAOLU、SHEHUIFAZHANFANGXIANGZHIZHENG。SHIJIANZHENGMING,FENGJIANGUANLIAOMENJINXINGDESUOWEIZIQIANGYUNDONGHEZICHANJIEJIGAILIANGPAIJINXINGDEGAILIANGYUNDONG,JIUSHIDENONGMINFANKANGDOUZHENG,YIJIZICHANJIEJIGEMINGPAILINGDAODEMINZHUGEMINGXIANGZAIZHONGGUOSHIXINGXIFANGZIBENZHUYIDEZHENGZHIJINGJIFANGAN,DOUXIANHOUZAIJINDAIZHONGGUOYIYISHIGUOLE,JIEGUODOUXINGBUTONG,DOUMEIYOUYEBUKENENGSHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUJIUWANGTUCUNDEMINZUSHIMINGHEFANDIFANFENGJIANDELISHIRENWU。CONGJINDAIZHONGGUOBOLANQIFUDELISHIJINCHENGZHONGKEYIQINGCHUDIKANDAO: YINWEIBUCHUDONGDIGUOZHUYI、FENGJIANZHUYITONGZHIGENJIDEGAILIANGZHUYISHIBAILE,ZHONGGUORENMINCAIXUANZELEGEMINGDEDAOLU;YINWEIZOUZIBENZHUYIDAOLUDEGEZHONGFANGANCHANGSHIQUANBUSHIBAILE,ZHONGGUORENMINCAIXUANZELEJINGGUOXINMINZHUZHUYIZOUXIANGSHEHUIZHUYIDEDAOLU;YINWEIQITAGEZHONGZHENGZHILILIANGDOUWULILINGDAOZHONGGUORENMINSHIXIANJIUWANGTUCUNHEMINZUDULI、JIEFANGYUFUXING,WEIYOUZHONGGUOWUCHANJIEJIJIQIZHENGDANGZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGJIANFUQILEZHEIYILISHISHIMING,CAISHISHOUJINQURU、BINLINWEIWANGBIANYUANDEZHONGGUOJINRULELISHIDEXINJIYUAN,CAIXIANGSHIRENZHANGXIANHEZHENGMINGLE“MEIYOUGONGCHANDANGJIUMEIYOUXINZHONGGUO”、“ZHIYOUSHEHUIZHUYICAINENGJIUZHONGGUOHEFAZHANZHONGGUO”DELISHIZHENLI。XUEXIZHONGGUOJINXIANDAISHI,JIUYAOSHENKERENSHILISHIHERENMINXUANZEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANG、XUANZEMAKESIZHUYI、XUANZESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLU、XUANZEGAIGEKAIFANGDELISHIBIRANXING,ZENGQIANGGUNQIUTIYUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIYEDEXINXIN。  

  ZHEILIGUNQIUTIYUYAOQIANGDIAODESHI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDELISHISHIZHONGGUOJINXIANDAIYILAILISHIZUIWEIKEGEKEQIDEPIANZHANG,XUEXIZHONGGUOJINXIANDAISHIYAOTEBIEZHUYIXUEXIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDELISHI。LISHIZAIRENMINDETANSUOHEFENDOUZHONGZAOJIULEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANG,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAORENMINYOUZAOJIULEXINDELISHIHUIHUANG。90NIANLAI,GUNQIUTIYUDANGJINJINYIKAORENMINWANCHENGLEXINMINZHUZHUYIGEMING,SHIXIANLEMINZUDULIHERENMINJIEFANG;WANCHENGLESHEHUIZHUYIGEMING,QUELILESHEHUIZHUYIGENBENZHIDUBINGQUDELESHEHUIZHUYIGUNQIUTIYUDEJUDACHENGJIU;JINXINGLEGAIGEKAIFANGXINDEWEIDAGEMING,WANSHANHEFAZHANLEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYI。ZHEISANJIANDASHI,CONGGENBENSHANGGAIBIANLEZHONGGUORENMINHEZHONGHUAMINZUDEQIANTUMINGYUN,BUKENIZHUANDIJIESHULEJINDAIYIHOUZHONGGUONEIYOUWAIHUAN、JIPINJIRUODEBEICANJINGYU,BUKENIZHUANDIKAIQILEDANGDAIZHONGGUOYANZHESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLUZOUXIANGXIANDAIHUA、ZOUXIANGWEIDAFUXINGDELISHIJINJUN。GUNQIUTIYUYAOLAOLAOBAWODANGDELISHIFAZHANDEZHUTIHEZHUXIAN、ZHULIUHEBENZHI,CONGDANGDEGUANGHUILICHENGHEWEIDAYEJIZHONGHUODEJIWANGKAILAIDEQIANGDADONGLI,SHIZHONGJIANDINGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXINNIANHEGONGCHANZHUYIYUANDALIXIANG,YONGBAOGONGCHANDANGRENDEZHENGZHIBENSE。  

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  ZUIHOU,GUNQIUTIYUHAIYAOZHICHUYIDIAN,JIUSHILINGDAOGANBUXUEXILISHI,YAOLUOSHIZAITIGAOLISHIWENHUASUYANGSHANG,LUOSHIZAITIGAOLINGDAOGONGZUOSHUIPINGSHANG。ERJUYOULISHIWENHUASUYANG,ZUIZHONGYAODESHIYAOJUYOULISHIYISHIHEWENHUAZIJUE,JIXIANGWENTI、ZUOJUECEYAOYOULISHIYANGUANG,NENGGOUCONGYIWANGDELISHIZHONGJIQUJINGYANHEZHIHUI,ZIJUEANZHAOLISHIGUILVHELISHIFAZHANDEBIANZHENGFABANSHI。ZAIXUEXILISHIZHISHIDESHIHOU,YAOJIANCHIMAKESIZHUYIDELISHIGUANHEFANGFALUN,BUNENGDUSISHU,YAOTONGGONGZUOSHIJIJIEHEQILAI,DUISUODUZHISHUYAOQUQIJINGHUA、QUQIZAOPO,ZUODAO“BOXUEZHI,SHENWENZHI,SHENSIZHI,MINGBIANZHI,DUXINGZHI”,ZHIGUJIANJIN、GUWEIJINYONG,ZHEIYANGCAINENGZAIGUNQIUTIYURENSHIHECHULIXIANSHIWENTIZHONGFAHUILISHIZHISHIYINGYOUDEJIJIZUOYONG。 

  JINTIANGUNQIUTIYUJIUJIANGZHEIXIE。ZHUTONGZHIMENZAIDANGXIAOXUEXIQUDEFENGSHUOCHENGGUO。

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