滚球体育

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探寻人类解放的现实道路

——重读恩格斯《社会主义从空想到科学的发展》

2019-08-12
12 2020-08

09:59

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来源:滚球体育 作者: 李志勇

滚球体育  140NIANQIAN,WEILEYONGKEXUESHEHUIZHUYILILUNWUZHUANGXINCHENGLIDEFAGUOGONGRENDANG,ENGESIFABIAOLE《SHEHUIZHUYICONGKONGXIANGDAOKEXUEDEFAZHAN》。ZHEIBUZHUZUOSHIKEXUESHEHUIZHUYIDEZHONGYAODAIBIAOZUO,CENGBEIYICHENG10DUOZHONGWENZIZAISHIJIEGEGUOCHUANBO,CHANSHENGLEGUANGFANERSHENYUANDEYINGXIANG。MAKESICHENGZANZHEIBENSHUSHI“KEXUESHEHUIZHUYIDERUMEN”,LIENINGSHUOTASHI“MEIGEJUEWUGONGRENBIDUDESHUJI”。ZHEIBUZHUZUOKUAYUESHIKONG、LIJIUMIXINDESIXIANGMEILIZAIYU,TASHENKEHUIDALEZIBENZHUYISHIDAIRENLEIJIEFANGDEZHONGDAKETI,YONGTONGSUDEYUYANZHIMINGLETONGXIANGWEILAIDEXIANSHIZHILU。

  科学社会主义的思想来源

  SHEHUIZHUYISHIZUOWEIZIBENZHUYIDEDUILIWU、JICHENGWUERCUNZAIDE。SHEHUIZHUYIYAOHUIDADEHEXINWENTISHI,MIANDUIZIBENZHUYIGUYOUDEMAODUN,RENLEIHEQUHECONG?

滚球体育  ZAOZAI14—15SHIJIDEOUZHOUDIZHONGHAIYANAN,ZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIKAISHIMENGYA。YOULEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHI,JIUYOULEZICHANZHEHEWUCHANZHEDEDUILI。WUCHANJIEJICONGYICHANSHENGJIUSHENSHOUZICHANJIEJIHEFENGJIANGUIZUDEBOXUEYAPO,“YANGCHIREN”DEQUANDIYUNDONGJIUSHIWUCHANZHEBEICANCHUJINGDEZHENSHIXIEZHAO。NALIYOUYAPO,NALIJIUYOUFANKANG,“ZAIMEIYIGEDADEZICHANJIEJIYUNDONGZHONG,DOUBAOFAGUOZUOWEIXIANDAIWUCHANJIEJIDEFAZHANCHENGDUBUTONGDEXIANQUZHEDENEIGEJIEJIDEDULIYUNDONG”。WUCHANZHEYAOJINXINGGEMINGYUNDONG,JIUXUYAOXIANGYINGDESIXIANGZHIDAO,ZHEIJIUSHIKONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYI。

  ENGESIBAKONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYI300NIANDEFAZHANDAZHIFENWEISANGEJIEDUAN: DIYIJIEDUANSHI16—17SHIJIDUILIXIANGSHEHUIZHIDUDEWENXUEMIAOXIE。1516NIANTUOMASI·MOERFABIAODE《WUTUOBANG》,MIAOHUILEYIGECAICHANGONGYOU、RENRENPINGDENGDELIXIANGSHEHUI,BIAOZHIZHESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGDEDANSHENG。ZHEIBENSHUHEYIDALITUOMASI·KANGPANEILADE《TAIYANGCHENG》、DEGUOANDELIYADE《JIDUCHENG》ZAIXIFANGBEICHENGWEI“WUTUOBANGSANBUQU”。DIERJIEDUANSHI18SHIJI“ZHIJIEGONGCHANZHUYILILUN”,DAIBIAORENWUWEIFAGUODEMOLAILI、MABULIDENG。TAMENSHUYUQIMENGYUNDONGZHONGDEZUOYI,ZHUZHANGXIAOMIESIYOUZHI,ZHIJIESHIXINGCAICHANGONGYOU、ANXUFENPEI,BINGZUOCHULELILUNLUNZHENG。DISANJIEDUANSHI19SHIJISHANGBANYEDEKONGXIANGZHUYIZHE,DAIBIAORENWUWEIFAGUODESHENGXIMEN、FULIYEHEYINGGUODEOUWEN。TAMENXITONGLUNZHENGLESHEHUIZHUYIXUESHUO,SHIKONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYIDEFAZHANDADAOZUIGAOSHUIPING。

  SANDAKONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYIZHEDUIZIBENZHUYIJINXINGLEMENGLIEPENGJI,DUIWEILAISHEHUIDETUJINGJINXINGLEGOUHUA。TAMENDESIXIANGSHIZIBENZHUYISHIDAIDEFANYING,YEYOUYIDINGDEKEXUEYINSU;TAMENSUOBIAODADESHEHUILIXIANGTIXIANLERENMINQUNZHONGDEYUANWANG,YESHIZHIDEZHUIQIUDE。YINCI,“TAMENZHONGJIUSHISHUYUYIQIESHIDAIZUIWEIDADEZHISHIZHILIEDE,TAMENTIANCAIDIYUSHILEGUNQIUTIYUXIANZAIYIJINGKEXUEDIZHENGMINGLEQIZHENGQUEXINGDEWUSHUZHENLI”。TAMENDESIXIANGSHIKEXUESHEHUIZHUYIDESIXIANGLAIYUAN。

滚球体育  TONGSHI,ENGESIYOUZHICHU,“ZHEISANGERENDEXUESHUOHANYOUSHIFENXUHUANHEKONGXIANGDEXINGZHI”。TAMENBAWOBULESHEHUIFAZHANDEKEGUANGUILV,JUJUEYIQIEZHENGZHIXINGDONGTEBIESHIGEMINGXINGDONG,XIANGXINOURANDETIANCAIRENWUDEZUOYONG。TAMENDESIXIANGTUOLILESHEHUIXIANSHI,YEJIUWUFAZHAODAOSHIXIANLIXIANGDEZHENGQUEDAOLUHESHEHUILILIANG。

  ZENYANGSHISHEHUIZHUYICONGKONGXIANGBIANCHENGKEXUE?ENGESIYIYUDAOPOLEGUANJIAN: “BIXUSHOUXIANBATAZHIYUXIANSHIDEJICHUZHISHANG。”

  科学社会主义的理论基础

  BASHEHUIZHUYIZHIYUXIANSHIJICHUZHISHANG,GUANJIANZAIYUYAOYOUKEXUEDESIXIANGFANGFA。19SHIJISHANGBANYE,ZIBENZHUYIJINGJIWEIJIPINFANFASHENG,WUCHANJIEJIHEZICHANJIEJIDOUZHENGYERIQUJILIE,ZIBENZHUYIDEMAODUNHEBIDUANCHONGFENBAOLU,DANKONGXIANGSHEHUIZHUYIZHEYIRANBUNENGJIESHIZIBENZHUYIDEBENZHI,YINERYEZHAOBUCHUTONGWANGWEILAISHEHUIDEXIANSHIDAOLU。WEISHENME?SHIYINWEITAMENDESIXIANGHAITINGLIUZAI18SHIJI,TAMENDERENSHIGONGJUSHICHENJIUDE。TAMENDESHEHUILISHIGUAN,YAOMESHIWEIXINZHUYIDE,BASHEHUILISHIFAZHANDEDONGYINGUIJIEWEIYINGXIONG、SHENLING、LIXINGDENGJINGSHENLILIANG,ZHAOBUDAOTUIDONGSHEHUIFAZHANDEWUZHIDONGYIN;YAOMESHIXINGERSHANGXUEDE、FEILISHIXINGDE,SUIRANKANDAOLEHUANJINGDUIRENDEZUOYONG,QUEKANBUDAORENMINQUNZHONGGAIZAOSHIJIEDENENGDONGZUOYONG。YINCI,TAMENWUFADUILISHISHISHIZUOCHUKEXUEJIESHI。

滚球体育  MAKESIENGESICHUANGLIKEXUESHEHUIZHUYI,SHOUXIANSHICONGZHEXUEGEMINGKAISHIDE。TAMENZHANZAISHIDAISIXIANGDEZUIGAOFENG,PIPANXIQULEHEIGEERZHEXUEDE“HELINEIHE”HEFEIERBAHAZHEXUEDE“JIBENNEIHE”,GOUJIANLEYISHIJIANWEIJICHUDEKEXUESHIJIEGUAN,SHIXIANLECONGWEIXINZHUYIDAOWEIWUZHUYI、CONGXINGERSHANGXUEDAOBIANZHENGFADEGEMING。SHIJIAN,SHIMAKESIZHUYIZHEXUEDECHUFADIAN。“ZHEXUEJIAMENZHISHIYONGBUTONGDEFANGSHIJIESHISHIJIE,WENTIZAIYUGAIBIANSHIJIE。”RENMINQUNZHONGDEWEIDASHIJIANGAIBIANLESHIJIE,CHUANGZAOLESHEHUILISHI。BASHIJIANYINRUZHEXUE,JIPIPANLEDANGSHILIUXINGDESIBIANZHEXUEZHIBIDUAN,YOUHUIDALEZIKANGDEYILAIDEGUOGUDIANZHEXUEDERENSHILUNNANTI。

  SHIJIANHUODONGSHIKEGUANDEWUZHIHUODONG。RENZAISHIJIANZHONG,MIANDUIDESHIYIGEKEGUANDE、BUYIRENDEYIZHIWEIZHUANYIDEWAIBUSHIJIE。RENMENYAOSHENGHUOXIAQU,SHOUXIANYAOCHIHEZHUCHUAN,RANHOUCAINENGCONGSHIZHENGZHI、ZONGJIAO、JINGSHENHUODONG,YINERWUZHIZILIAODESHENGCHANSHIDIYIGESHIJIANHUODONG,SHIQUANBULISHIDEJICHU。SHENGCHANLISHISHEHUIFAZHANDEZUIZHONGJUEDINGLILIANG,SHENGCHANLIDEFAZHANYINQISHENGCHANGUANXIHESHANGCENGJIANZHUDEBIANGE,SHEHUIJIBENMAODUNYUNDONGTUIDONGSHEHUIXINGTAIDEGENGTI。YINCI,SHEHUIZHUYIDAITIZIBENZHUYISHIXIANDAISHENGCHANLIFAZHANDEKEGUANYAOQIU,SHIZIBENZHUYISHEHUIJIBENMAODUNYUNDONGDEBIRANJIEGUO。TONGSHI,SHENGCHANGUANXIZAIJIEJISHEHUIBIAOXIANWEIJIEJIGUANXI,ZIBENZHUYISHEHUIJIBENMAODUNZHIJIEBIAOXIANWEIJIEJIDOUZHENG,SHEHUIZHUYIJIU“BUZAIBEIKANZUOMOUGETIANCAITOUNAODEOURANFAXIAN,ERBEIKANZUOLIANGGELISHIDICHANSHENGDEJIEJIJIWUCHANJIEJIHEZICHANJIEJIZHIJIANDOUZHENGDEBIRANCHANWU”。

  ERWUCHANJIEJIZHISUOYIYAOGEMINGDOUZHENG,GENYUANZAIYUQIBEIHOUDEJINGJIDONGYIN。MAKESIFAXIAN,ZAIZIBENZHUYIZHIDUXIA,GONGRENYONGZIJICHUMAIDELAODONGLICHUANGZAOCHULAIDEJIAZHILIANG,YAOBIGONGRENYIGONGZIXINGSHICONGZIBENJIANEILIDEDAODEJIAZHILIANGDADEDUO,ZHEIGEDACHULAIDEBUFENJIUSHIBEIZIBENJIAWUCHANGZHANYOUDESHENGYUJIAZHI。GONGRENCHUANGZAODEZHEIZHONGSHENGYUJIAZHIGUIGENDAODIGOUCHENGLEZIBENJIALIRUNHECAICHANDELAIYUAN。SILAODONGBOXUEHUOLAODONG,ZHEIJIUJIESHILEZICHANJIEJIBOXUEGONGRENDEMIMI。ERZICHANJIEJIWUCHANGZHANYOUGONGRENDEBUFENLAODONG,BIRANHUISHENGCHENGWUFAJIEJUEDEMAODUNHEDUIKANG,WUCHANJIEJITONGGUOGEMINGDOUZHENGDUOHUILAODONGCHENGGUO,JIUJUYOUZHENGYIXING、HELIXINGHEBIRANXING。

  WEIWUSHIGUANJIESHILERENLEISHEHUIFAZHANDEPUBIANGUILV,SHENGYUJIAZHIXUESHUOZEJIESHILEZIBENZHUYISHEHUIDETESHUGUILV。YOUYU“ZHEILIANGGEWEIDADEFAXIAN”,SHEHUIZHUYICAIJIANLIZAIXIANSHIJICHUZHISHANG,CONGKONGXIANGBIANCHENGKEXUE。

  科学社会主义的基本原理

  ZIBENZHUYIBIRANMIEWANG,SHEHUIZHUYIBIRANSHENGLI,SHIKEXUESHEHUIZHUYIDEGENBENJIELUN。“LIANGGEBIRAN”,YUANYINZAIYUSHENGCHANLIDEFAZHAN,ZAIYUSHENGCHANLIHESHENGCHANGUANXIMAODUNYUNDONG。ZHEIGEMAODUN,ZAIZIBENZHUYISHEHUIBIAOXIANWEI“SHEHUIHUASHENGCHANHEZIBENZHUYISIRENZHANYOUZHIJIANDEMAODUN”,ZHEISHIZIBENZHUYISHEHUIGUYOUDE、ZISHENWUFAJIEJUEDEMAODUN,“YIJINGBAOHANZHEXIANDAIDEYIQIECHONGTUDEMENGYA”。ENGESIRENWEI,ZHEIGEJIBENMAODUNYOULIANGZHONGBIAOXIAN: ZAISHEHUILINGYUBIAOXIANWEI“WUCHANJIEJIHEZICHANJIEJIDEDUILI”,ZAIJINGJILINGYUBIAOXIANWEI“GEBIEGONGCHANGZHONGSHENGCHANDEZUZHIXINGHEZHENGGESHEHUIZHONGSHENGCHANDEWUZHENGFUZHUANGTAIZHIJIANDEDUILI”。

  ZIBENZHUYISHEHUIJIBENMAODUNYUNDONGDEJIEGUO,BIRANSHILIANGJIFENHUAHEJINGJIWEIJI。SHICHANGJINGZHENGDAOZHIZIBENJIABUDUANGAIJINJIQI,CONGERZAOCHENGLELAODONGLIGUOSHENG。JIEGUOSHICAIFUZAIYIDUANJILEI,PINKUNZAILINGYIDUANJILEI,DAOZHILIANGJIFENHUA。TONGSHI,SHENGCHANWUXIANKUODAHELAODONGQUNZHONGGOUMAILIXIANGDUISUOXIAODEMAODUN,ZAOCHENGLESHENGCHANDEXIANGDUIGUOSHENGHEJINGCHANGDEBILISHIDIAO,JINGJIWEIJIBUKEBIMIAN。LIANGJIFENHUAHEJINGJIWEIJIXIANGHUZUOYONG,SHIZIBENZHUYI“HAOWUCHULUDI”CHUYU“EXINGXUNHUAN”ZHONG。

滚球体育  YIQIEMAODUNYUANYUSHENGCHANLIDEZIBENSHUXING,YUANYUSHAOSHURENZHANYOUSHENGCHANZILIAO。ZICHANJIEJIWEILEWEICHIZISHENDETONGZHI,BUDEBUCAIQUGUFENGONGSI、“TUOLASI”、GUOYOUHUADENGXINGSHI,YOUGUOJIALAIDIAOJIEZHEIGEMAODUN。ENGESIRENWEI,ZHEIXIECUOSHIWANJIUBULEZIBENZHUYI,DANBAOHANZHEJIEJUECHONGTUDEXINGSHISHANGDESHOUDUANHEXIANSUO。ZHEIJIUSHITONGGUOWUCHANJIEJIGEMING,SHIXINGWUCHANJIEJIZHUANZHENG,SHIXIANSHENGCHANZILIAODESHEHUIZHANYOU。

  ZOUCHUZIBENZHUYI,RENLEIHEQUHECONG?ENGESIDUIWEILAISHEHUIDEDAZHILUNKUOZUOLEYIGECUXIANTIAODEGOUHUA: “YIDANSHEHUIZHANYOULESHENGCHANZILIAO,SHANGPINSHENGCHANJIUJIANGBEIXIAOCHU,ERCHANPINDUISHENGCHANZHEDETONGZHIYEJIANGSUIZHIXIAOCHU。SHEHUISHENGCHANNEIBUDEWUZHENGFUZHUANGTAIJIANGWEIYOUJIHUADEZIJUEDEZUZHISUODAITI。GETISHENGCUNDOUZHENGTINGZHILE。YUSHI,RENZAIYIDINGYIYISHANGCAIZUIZHONGDITUOLILEDONGWUJIE,CONGDONGWUDESHENGCUNTIAOJIANJINRUZHENZHENGRENDESHENGCUNTIAOJIAN。”“RENMENDIYICICHENGWEIZIRANJIEDEZIJUEDEHEZHENZHENGDEZHUREN,YINWEITAMENYIJINGCHENGWEIZISHENDESHEHUIJIEHEDEZHURENLE。”

  ZIBENZHUYIZUIZHONGXIAOWANG、SHEHUIZHUYIZUIZHONGSHENGLI,BIRANSHIYIGEHENZHANGDELISHIGUOCHENG。170DUONIANLAI,SHOUXIANSHIMAKESIZHUYILUNZHENGLESHEHUIZHUYIDELISHIBIRANXING,JIERLIENINGZHUYI、MAOZEDONGSIXIANGCHENGGONGTANSUOLEZHEIZHONGBIRANXINGDESHIXIANTUJING,ZAIDAOJINTIANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNTIXIHUIDAZAIYUZIBENZHUYIZHANGQIGONGCUNDETIAOJIANXIASHEHUIZHUYIRUHEFAZHANWANSHAN。KEXUESHEHUIZHUYIZHIYINZHONGGUOCHENGGONGZOUSHANGLEQUANMIANGUNQIUTIYUSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUODEKANGZHUANGDADAO。ZAIXINSHIDAI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENZUOWEIMAKESIZHUYIDEZHONGCHENGXINFENGZHE、JIANDINGSHIJIANZHE,ZHENGZAIWEISHIXIANMAKESIENGESIZHIMINGDERENLEIJIEFANGDEGUANGMINGQIANJINGERBUXIENULI!

(责编: 毕阳)

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